Exodus 13:20

“And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations for Exodus 13:20

And they tooke their iourney from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wildernesse.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

Then they set out from Succoth and camped in Etham on the edge of the wilderness.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
- American Standard Version (1901)

Then they went on their journey from Succoth, and put up their tents in Etham at the edge of the waste land.
- Basic English Bible

And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, at the end of the wilderness.
- Darby Bible

And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
- Webster's Bible

They took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
- World English Bible

And they journey from Succoth, and encamp in Etham at the extremity of the wilderness,
- Youngs Literal Bible

And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible Commentary for Exodus 13:20

Wesley's Notes for Exodus 13:20


13:18 There were many reasons why God led them through the way of the wilderness of the red sea. The Egyptians were to be drowned in the Red - sea, the Israelites were to be humbled, and proved in the wilderness. #Deu 8: 2|. God had given it to Moses for a sign, #Ex 3:12|, ye shall serve God in this mountain. They had again and again told Pharaoh that they must go three days journey into the wilderness to do sacrifice, and therefore it was requisite they should march that way, else they had justly been exclaimed against as dissemblers. Before they entered the lifts with their enemies, matters must be settled between them and their God; laws must be given, ordinances instituted, covenants sealed; and for the doing of this it was necessary they should retire into the solitudes of a wilderness, the only closet for such a crowd; the high road would be no proper place for these transactions. The reason why God did not lead them the nearest way, which would have brought them in a few days to the land of the Philistines, was because they were not yet fit for war, much less for war with the Philistines. Their spirits were broke with slavery; the Philistines were formidable enemies; it was convenient they should begin with the Amalekites, and be prepared for the wars of Canaan, by experiencing the difficulties of the wilderness. God is said to bring Israel out of Egypt as the eagle brings up her young ones, #Deu 32:11|, teaching them by degrees to fly. They went up harnessed - They went up by five in a rank, so some; in five squadrons, so others. They marched like an army with banners, which added much to strength and honour.

13:21 And the Lord went before them in a pillar - In the two first stages, it was enough that God directed Moses whither to march; he knew the country, and the road; but now they are come to the edge of the wilderness, they would have occasion for a guide, and a very good guide they had, infinitely wise, kind, and faithful, the Lord went up before them; The Shechinah or appearance of the divine Majesty, which was a precious manifestation of the eternal Word, who in the fulness of time was to be made flesh, and dwell among us. Christ was with the church in the wilderness, #1Cor 10:9|. What a satisfaction to Moses and the pious Israelites, to be sure that they were under a divine conduct? They need not fear missing their way who were thus led, nor being lost who were thus directed; they need not fear being benighted, who were thus illuminated, nor being robbed, who were thus protected. And they who make the glory of God their end, and the word of God their rule, the spirit of God the guide of their affections, and the providence of God the guide of their affairs, may be confident that the Lord goes before them, as truly is he went before Israel in the wilderness, though not so sensibly. They had sensible effects of God's going before them in this pillar. For, It led them the way in that vast howling wilderness, in which there was no road, no track, no way - marks through which they had no guides. When they marched, this pillar went before them, at the rate that they could follow, and appointed the place of their encampment, as infinite Wisdom saw fit; which eased them from care, and secured them from danger, both in moving, and in resting. It sheltered them from the heat by day, which at sometimes of the year was extreme: And it gave them light by night when they had occasion for it.

13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud, - No not when they seemed to have less occasion for it: it never left them 'till it brought them to the borders of Canaan. It was a cloud which the wind could not scatter. There was something spiritual in this pillar of cloud and fire. The children of Israel were baptized unto Moses in this cloud, #1Cor 10:2|. By coming under this cloud they signified their putting themselves under the conduct and command of Moses. Protection draws allegiance; this cloud was the badge of God's protection, and so became the bond of their allegiance. Thus they were initiated, and admitted under that government, now when they were entering upon the wilderness. And it signifies the special conduct and protection which the church of Christ is under in this world.


Discussion for Exodus 13:20



 

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