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Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. 7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land. 11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live. 17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive. 18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive? 19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. 21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses. 22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.

Commentary for Exodus 1

The Book of Exodus relates the forming of the children of Israel into a church and a nation. We have hitherto seen true religion shown in domestic life, now, we begin to trace its effects upon the concerns of kingdoms and nations. Exodus signifies "the departure;" the chief event therein recorded is the departure of Israel from Egypt and Egyptian bondage; it plainly points out the fulfilling of several promises and prophecies to Abraham respecting his seed, and shadows forth the state of the church, in the wilderness of this world, until her arrival at the heavenly Canaan, an eternal rest.The children of Israel increase in Egypt after the death of Joseph. (8-14) They are oppressed, but multiply exceedingly. (1-7) The men-children destroyed. (15-22)1-7 During more than 200 years, while Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob lived at liberty, the Hebrews increased slowly; only about seventy persons went down into Egypt. There, in about the same number of years, though under cruel bondage, they became a large nation. This wonderful increase was according to the promise long before made unto the fathers. Though the performance of God's promises is sometimes slow, it is always sure.

8-14 The land of Egypt became to Israel a house of bondage. The place where we have been happy, may soon become the place of our affliction; and that may prove the greatest cross to us, of which we said, This same shall comfort us. Cease from man, and say not of any place on this side heaven, This is my rest. All that knew Joseph, loved him, and were kind to his brethren for his sake; but the best and most useful services a man does to others, are soon forgotten after his death. Our great care should be, to serve God, and to please him who is not unrighteous, whatever men are, to forget our work and labour of love. The offence of Israel is, that he prospers. There is no sight more hateful to a wicked man than the prosperity of the righteous. The Egyptians feared lest the children of Israel should join their enemies, and get them up out of the land. Wickedness is ever cowardly and unjust; it makes a man fear, where no fear is, and flee, when no one pursues him. And human wisdom often is foolishness, and very sinful. God's people had task-masters set over them, not only to burden them, but to afflict them with their burdens. They not only made them serve for Pharaoh's profit, but so that their lives became bitter. The Israelites wonderfully increased. Christianity spread most when it was persecuted: the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church. They that take counsel against the Lord and his Israel, do but imagine a vain thing, and create greater vexation to themselves.

15-22 The Egyptians tried to destroy Israel by the murder of their children. The enmity that is in the seed of the serpent, against the Seed of the woman, makes men forget all pity. It is plain that the Hebrews were now under an uncommon blessing. And we see that the services done for God's Israel are often repaid in kind. Pharaoh gave orders to drown all the male children of the Hebrews. The enemy who, by Pharaoh, attempted to destroy the church in this its infant state, is busy to stifle the rise of serious reflections in the heart of man. Let those who would escape, be afraid of sinning, and cry directly and fervently to the Lord for assistance.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 1

  • Steven Sensing on Exodus 1:12
    Are there any curses in the bible that last longer than the third and fourth generations? I am particularly interested in a curse against someone who has transgressed against people who have less than them. Thank you for any help you can give me.
  • Mishael On Blessing and Curses - in Reply on Exodus 1:12
    You need to get into Matthew 5. You life will be much more pleasant. Read this link.

    Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.

    But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;

    That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

    Comment:

    If someone curses you; the way you turn that curse into dust is to bless the one who cursed you. It turns the curse away from you. Christians don't get mad and get even. It just gets you into trouble.

    If you forgive....it releases God to get involved in the other persons life. That's how it works.
  • Zyein on Exodus 1
    I would give this 1-10 a 10 because this is the bible readdddd the bibleeeeeeeee always you need to do something you at home bored read the bible it is easy point blank period!
  • Debbie - in Reply on Exodus 1
    I find it interesting that 11 of these 12 names are written in Revelation 7:5-8 where God seals their foreheads.

    Manasses instead of Dan.
  • James on Exodus 1
    when did heaven hell show up in writing its not in the old testament moe or job didnt use it God is God heaven and hell is right here on earth mankind has turned heaven into a living hell and only till he see the sun for life will he be able to live. ask me truth
  • Bonnie on Exodus 1
    This is not about immigration people. This is about the 'fear (reverence) of God' and faithfulness to HIM. He blesses those who love HIM, believe in HIM, trust in HIM and obey HIM.
    It is not a "slavery" obedience, it is obedience in love to HIM. God was bringing about a 'people' of whom God was using to bring about salvation, grace and mercy!
  • John on Exodus 1
    The chapter reads like a modern news article in places.Fear of alien cultures overrunning the natives.Immigration leads to hard working ways and a strength of character that natives take for granted, however in the ancient theme of hospitality expulsion is dangerous to rites. However, is this an err by the Israelites for not leaving for their Canaan lands? They would have had to struggle to retake
  • Adam - in Reply on Exodus 1
    If I leave my country for another randomly chosen by me then I should expect to have priority and rights over the existing citizens of that country? And if they resist me then they're immigrant-phobic and need to change, not me? I wonder if this is belief is a falsehood. The Bible says to respect others Luke 6:31 and not give favoritism, so I think this idea seems untrue.
  • David - in Reply on Exodus 1
    Who in the world has ever left their home for a "randomly chosen" country? Migrants come to America to find a better life, often because of life-threatening or intolerable conditions at home. They choose America because we proclaim, "Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free... Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed, to me." A promise we are now betraying.
  • Walter - in Reply on Exodus 1
    Immigration leads to hard working ways? That's your comment?


 

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