Exodus 1:13

“And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations for Exodus 1:13

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serue with rigour.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel to labor rigorously;
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor:
- American Standard Version (1901)

And they gave the children of Israel even harder work to do:
- Basic English Bible

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with harshness;
- Darby Bible

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor.
- Webster's Bible

The Egyptians ruthlessly made the children of Israel serve,
- World English Bible

and the Egyptians cause the sons of Israel to serve with rigour,
- Youngs Literal Bible

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible Commentary for Exodus 1:13

Wesley's Notes for Exodus 1:13


1:11 They set over them task - masters, to afflict them - With this very design. They not only made them serve, which was sufficient for Pharaoh's profit, but they made them serve with rigour, so that their lives became bitter to them; intending hereby to break their spirits, and to rob them of every thing in them that was generous: to ruin their health, and shorten their days, and so diminish their numbers: to discourage them from marrying, since their children would be born to slavery; and to oblige them to desert the Hebrews, and incorporate with the Egyptians. And 'tis to be feared the oppression they were under did bring over many of them to join with the Egyptians in their idolatrous worship; for we read, #Jos 24:14|, that they served other gods in Egypt; and we find, #Eze 20:8|, that God had threatned to destroy them for it, even while they were in the land of Egypt. Treasure - cities - To keep the king's money or corn, wherein a great part of the riches of Egypt consisted.

1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied - To the grief and vexation of the Egyptians. Times of affliction, have oft been the church's growing times: Christianity spread most when it was persecuted.

1:15 And the king spake to the Hebrew midwives - The two chief of them. They are called Hebrew midwives, probably not because they were themselves Hebrews; for sure Pharaoh could never expect they should be so barbarous to those of their own nation, but because they were generally made use of by the Hebrews, and being Egyptians he hoped to prevail with them.


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