Ephesians 2:3

“Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

Among whom also we all had our conuersation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and of the minde, and were by nature the children of wrath, euen as others:
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

among whom we also all once lived in the lust of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest:--
- American Standard Version (1901)

Among whom we all at one time were living in the pleasures of our flesh, giving way to the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and the punishment of God was waiting for us even as for the rest.
- Basic English Bible

among whom *we* also all once had our conversation in the lusts of our flesh, doing what the flesh and the thoughts willed to do, and were children, by nature, of wrath, even as the rest:
- Darby Bible

Among whom also we all had our manner of life in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
- Webster's Bible

Among them all of us also formerly passed our lives, governed by the inclinations of our lower natures, indulging the cravings of those natures and of our own thoughts, and were in our original state deserving of anger like all others.
- Weymouth Bible

among whom we also all once lived in the lust of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest.
- World English Bible

in which also we `alle lyueden sum tyme in the desiris of oure fleisch, doynge the willis of the fleisch and of thouytis, and we weren bi kynde the sones of wraththe, as othere men;
- Wycliffe Bible

among whom also we all did walk once in the desires of our flesh, doing the wishes of the flesh and of the thoughts, and were by nature children of wrath -- as also the others,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Ephesians 2:3


2:3 Among whom we - Jews. Also, formerly had our conversation: doing the will of the flesh - In gross, brutal sins. And of the mind - By spiritual, diabolical wickedness. In the former clause, flesh denotes the whole evil nature; in the latter, the body opposed to the soul. And were by nature - That is, in our natural state. Children of wrath - Having the wrath of God abiding on us, even as the gentiles. This expression, by nature, occurs also, #Gal 4:8|; Rom 2:14; and thrice in the eleventh chapter. #Rom 11:24 But in none of these places does it| signify, by custom, or practice, or customary practice, as a late writer affirms. Nor can it mean so here For this would make the apostle guilty of gross tautology, their customary sinning having been expressed already, in the former part of the verse. But all these passages agree in expressing what belongs to the nature of the persons spoken of.


People's Bible Notes for Ephesians 2:3


Eph 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation. In Eph 2:1,2, the second person is used, meaning the Ephesians; here the person is changed to the first. Meyer thinks that "ye" refers to Gentile Christians; "we" to Paul and his Jewish brethren. The Gentile Christians had been dead in trespasses and sins; nor had the Jewish Christians differed in this respect. Fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind. Not only fleshly desires, but the impulses of a sinful mind, such as malice, envy, pride, etc. And were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. This declares that "we", now Jewish Christians, were once, when in a state of nature, under condemnation, just as the "others", the rest of the world, or the Gentiles. Some have held that this passage teaches innate, hereditary depravity. I am sure that this was not in the apostle's mind. (1) Two classes are spoken of, "you" and "we", Gentiles and Jews. (2) Both were equally sinful, the first "dead in trespasses and in sins" (Eph 2:1), and the second "by nature the children of wrath, even as the others". (3) The passage then simply affirms that Jews and Gentiles alike, before conversion, were dead in trespasses and sins, and under the divine condemnation. However, "by nature" is supposed to teach that the depravity is innate, and that all "are born" under the wrath of God. Such an interpretation would put the passage in conflict with Paul's teaching elsewhere, and with that of Christ. For instance, Mt 18:3 19:14 are inconsistent with the view that little children are born "under the wrath of God". Indeed, it is taught in this passage that both classes have been brought into this state of condemnation by walking in sin, not by their birth. But does not "by nature" imply that they are born "children of wrath"? The word "phusis", rendered "by nature", is found in Ro 2:14 1Co 11:14 Ga 2:15 4:8. In only one of these passages can it refer to natural birth at all, and there it refers to race (Ga 2:15). In not one passage does it describe what is innate. It does describe custom, practice, and unconverted state. No one would say that the Gentiles, who "do by nature the things of the law" (Ro 2:14), do so because it is innate. It means that they do so without the revelation. In a similar sense it is used here, and means that "we", as well as others, before we were converted by the gospel, were dwelling in sin like others, and were like them, "the children of wrath". The state of nature is the unconverted state.

Discussion for Ephesians 2

  • Edna
    Dear Sanits, words in the scripture are container that hold truth. Verse 1 quicken Made alive in Christ jesus sitted in the heavenlys. Save by faith not works of the flesh but by Galatian 5.22 spirit.We have been reconciled.Our Lord has made a way with Jes and Gentiles.redemtion Read 2.15. He has made us a new man no longer strangers Now he has made his abode in us SO REJOICE SANITS REJOICE
  • Ray321
    Ephesians 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: Wow, was God dealing with Jews first, that's why we were aliens from the commonwealth of Israel. God made promises to the Jews, that's why Jesus wasn't ready for the Gentiles. Paul was chosen. Act 9:15
  • Fay
    This is fill with good food for the soul I enjoyed reading this book. I continue to come back and read and share all the good information with my family , friends and co-workers. We must be afraid to share the word of GOD with everyone.
  • Ray321
    Ephesians 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: But now, Paul tells us that we have hope as Gentiles with Jesus. Jesus has a plan for all of us, that is the Grace of God pored out on the cross on Calvary. There is now hope . .
  • Steve morrow
    2 THESS 1:7 AND TO YOU WHO ARE TROUBLED REST WITH US WHEN THE LORD JESUS SHALL BE REVEALED FROM HEAVEN WITH HIS MIGHTY ANGELS --1:8-- IN FLAMING FIRE TAKING VENGEANCE ON THEM THAT KNOW NOT GOD AND THAT --- OBEY NOT THE GOSPEL --- OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST --1:9--WHO SHALL BE PUNISHED WITH EVERLASTING DESTRUCTION FROM THE PRESENCE OF THE LORD AND FROM THE GLORY OF HIS POWER
  • Eugene Rozell
    God is good and this i know for myself, it doesn't take a rocket scientist for me to know that in God we have our being, nothing we have done has made us deserving of anything it is only by the grace of god that he even cares. Jesus paved the way and opened doors that would never have opened had it not been for his sacrifice giving his life in exchange for ours. Thank you Jesus for loving me

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