(1.) Used as manure (Luke 13:8); collected outside the city "walls (Neh. 2:13). Of sacrifices, burned outside the camp (Ex." "29:14; Lev. 4:11; 8:17; Num. 19:5). To be "cast out as dung," a" figurative expression (1 Kings 14:10; 2 Kings 9:37; Jer. 8:2; "Ps. 18:42), meaning to be rejected as unprofitable." "(2.) Used as fuel, a substitute for firewood, which was with "difficulty procured in Syria, Arabia, and Egypt (Ezek. 4:12-15)," where cows' and camels' dung is used to the present day for this purpose.

Different from the ordinary prison in being more severe as a "place of punishment. Like the Roman inner prison (Acts 16:24)," it consisted of a deep cell or cistern (Jer. 38:6). To be shut "up in, a punishment common in Egypt (Gen. 39:20; 40:3; 41:10;" "42:19). It is not mentioned, however, in the law of Moses as a" mode of punishment. Under the later kings imprisonment was frequently used as a punishment (2 Chron. 16:10; Jer. 20:2; "32:2; 33:1; 37:15), and it was customary after the Exile (Matt." "11:2; Luke 3:20; Acts 5:18, 21; Matt. 18:30)."

"(Neh. 2:13), a gate of ancient Jerusalem, on the south-west" "quarter. "The gate outside of which lay the piles of sweepings" "and offscourings of the streets," in the valley of Tophet."

"To sit on a, was a sign of the deepest dejection (1 Sam. 2:8;" Ps. 113:7; Lam. 4:5).

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Related Bible Dictionary Terms:
Doves dung