Chapter 3

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1 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.

2 And the LORD said unto me, Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.

3 So the LORD our God delivered into our hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people: and we smote him until none was left to him remaining.

4 And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, threescore cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

5 All these cities were fenced with high walls, gates, and bars; beside unwalled towns a great many.

6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying the men, women, and children, of every city.

7 But all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, we took for a prey to ourselves.

8 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was on this side Jordan, from the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon;

9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

10 All the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, unto Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

12 And this land, which we possessed at that time, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, and half mount Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the Gadites.

13 And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, being the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, with all Bashan, which was called the land of giants.

14 Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this day.

15 And I gave Gilead unto Machir.

16 And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the river Arnon half the valley, and the border even unto the river Jabbok, which is the border of the children of Ammon;

17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, under Ashdothpisgah eastward.

18 And I commanded you at that time, saying, The LORD your God hath given you this land to possess it: ye shall pass over armed before your brethren the children of Israel, all that are meet for the war.

19 But your wives, and your little ones, and your cattle, (for I know that ye have much cattle,) shall abide in your cities which I have given you;

20 Until the LORD have given rest unto your brethren, as well as unto you, and until they also possess the land which the LORD your God hath given them beyond Jordan: and then shall ye return every man unto his possession, which I have given you.

21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, Thine eyes have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto these two kings: so shall the LORD do unto all the kingdoms whither thou passest.

22 Ye shall not fear them: for the LORD your God he shall fight for you.

23 And I besought the LORD at that time, saying,

24 O Lord GOD, thou hast begun to shew thy servant thy greatness, and thy mighty hand: for what God is there in heaven or in earth, that can do according to thy works, and according to thy might?

25 I pray thee, let me go over, and see the good land that is beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Lebanon.

26 But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and the LORD said unto me, Let it suffice thee; speak no more unto me of this matter.

27 Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold it with thine eyes: for thou shalt not go over this Jordan.

28 But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.

29 So we abode in the valley over against Bethpeor.

Commentary for Deuteronomy 3

The conquest of Og king of Bashan. (1-11) The land of Gilead and Bashan. (12-20) Moses encourages Joshua. (21-29)

# 1-11 Og was very powerful, but he did not take warning by the ruin of Sihon, and desire conditions of peace. He trusted his own strength, and so was hardened to his destruction. Those not awakened by the judgments of God on others, ripen for the like judgments on themselves.

12-20 This country was settled on the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh: see #Nu 32|. Moses repeats the condition of the grant to which they agreed. When at rest, we should desire to see our brethren at rest too, and should be ready to do what we can towards it; for we are not born for ourselves, but are members one of another.

21-29 Moses encouraged Joshua, who was to succeed him. Thus the aged and experienced in the service of God, should do all they can to strengthen the hands of those who are young, and setting out in religion. Consider what God has done, what God has promised. If God be for us, who can be against us, so as to prevail? We reproach our Leader if we follow him trembling. Moses prayed, that, if it were God's will, he might go before Israel, over Jordan into Canaan. We should never allow any desires in our hearts, which we cannot in faith offer up to God by prayer. God's answer to this prayer had a mixture of mercy and judgment. God sees it good to deny many things we desire. He may accept our prayers, yet not grant us the very things we pray for. It God does not by his providence give us what we desire, yet if by his grace he makes us content without, it comes to much the same. Let it suffice thee to have God for thy Father, and heaven for thy portion, though thou hast not every thing thou wouldst have in the world. God promised Moses a sight of Canaan from the top of Pisgah. Though he should not have the possession of it, he should have the prospect of it. Even great believers, in this present state, see heaven but at a distance. God provided him a successor. It is a comfort to the friends of the church of Christ, to see God's work likely to be carried on by others, when they are silent in the dust. And if we have the earnest and prospect of heaven, let these suffice us; let us submit to the Lord's will, and speak no more to Him of matters which he sees good to refuse us.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Deuteronomy 3

  • Michael on Deuteronomy 3
    in Deuteronomy 3:26 why was God wroth with moses for wanting to step foot in Lebanon?
  • Chris - in Reply on Deuteronomy 3
    We understand from Numbers 20:7-13, that Moses disobeyed God at the waters of Meribah by striking & not speaking to the rock to bring out much needed water. As well, there seems to be a failure by Moses to give God the Glory for this miracle & allowed the people to assume that it was done in his own power. So Moses was prevented from entering the Promised Land but could only view it afar off (Deut 34) & died there on top of Mt. Pisgah & God buried him in the land of Moab, in a place not revealed (v6).
  • BSP on Deuteronomy 3
    Verse 3~King Og came against the Israelites for no valid reason. Jehovah God took notice of this and he delivered his people.
  • Nashelle on Deuteronomy 3
    Its on point,I 'm greatful that God listens and answers.And wants to and gives His children only the Best. Thank you for your insight.
  • Rev.Jones on Deuteronomy 3:28
    This is one the best resources I have ever seen!How can I become part of this great move?
  • Peter busiku on Deuteronomy 3
    wonderful and inspiring chapter
  • I know og bed was 13.5 foot but that don't mean he was that big. When i was 11-14 i slept in a 8ft bed. Was i 8ft tall at that age? No. I just slept in a big bed. So this dose not mean he was 13ft tall. Not saying he was'nt a gaint because it say he was. could have been about 10ft tall.
  • StephendeRafael on Deuteronomy 3
    I agree with Garfield in that God is merciful to his Children, those who he has claimed from the time of Abraham, has he claimed us, all the tribes of Israel, will inherit if we are obediant and don't be froward and presumpous to rely on our own wisdom or worship that which we make with our hands and gove not the glory to God. Like Herod who when he made a proclaimation took the credit as King and was eaten of worms. God is not slack to reward those who follow his ways or to forsake those who forsake him in this world, or who follow after the kings of this earth instead of the Lord who created heaven and earth, the seas and all that lives therein.
  • Garfield Cambridge on Deuteronomy 3
    The Lord God is so patient and long sufffering to his people. He will only give us the very best that not only blesses us, but also blesses our children and our childrens' children. We must be obedient to his commandments and in that we will have good success always. God does not honor disobedince as we see with Moses his servant. Many of us can testify of God's action to Moses in our own lives when we are disobedient to what ever he says. Look at all of what he did for the children of Israel when they followed him. He gave them what he said he will them if they will be obedient and follow him. These things are written for our learning so we can inherit the heavenly Canan and posess the blessings he will bless us with on earth if we would walk after his commandments.


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Bible Trivia

Even though Moses was told that he was not allowed to enter the promised land, he prayed and was allowed to what?
  • Enter it when he was very old.
  • See it from a distance.
  • Send everyone else ahead of him.
  • Offer a sacrifice there.