Chapter 25

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1 If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked.

2 And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number.

3 Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed: lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.

4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.

5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her.

6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel.

7 And if the man like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother.

8 Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her;

9 Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.

10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.

11 When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draweth near for to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and taketh him by the secrets:

12 Then thou shalt cut off her hand, thine eye shall not pity her.

13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small.

14 Thou shalt not have in thine house divers measures, a great and a small.

15 But thou shalt have a perfect and just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have: that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

16 For all that do such things, and all that do unrighteously, are an abomination unto the LORD thy God.

17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt;

18 How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.

19 Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.

Commentary for Deuteronomy 25

Extent of punishment. (1-3) The ox that treadeth the corn. (4) Marriage of a brother's wife. (5-12) Of unjust weights. (13-16) War against Amalek. (17-19)1-3 Every punishment should be with solemnity, that those who see it may be filled with dread, and be warned not to offend in like manner. And though the criminals must be shamed as well as put to pain, for their warning and disgrace, yet care should be taken that they do not appear totally vile. Happy those who are chastened of the Lord to humble them, that they should not be condemned with the world to destruction.

4 This is a charge to husbandmen. It teaches us to make much of the animals that serve us. But we must learn, not only to be just, but kind to all who are employed for the good of our better part, our souls, #1Co 9:9|.

5-12 The custom here regulated seems to have been in the Jewish law in order to keep inheritances distinct; now it is unlawful.

13-16 Dishonest gain always brings a curse on men's property, families, and souls. Happy those who judge themselves, repent of and forsake their sins, and put away evil things, that they may not be condemned of the Lord.

17-19 Let every persecutor and injurer of God's people take warning from the case of the Amalekites. The longer it is before judgement comes, the more dreadful will it be at last. Amalek may remind us of the foes of our souls. May we be enabled to slay all our lusts, all the corruptions both within and without, all the powers of darkness and of the world, which oppose our way to the blessed Saviour.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Deuteronomy 25

  • The judges were to judge in fairness and without partiality.
  • April on Deuteronomy 25
    Hello All!,Shalome,I wanted to comment on this women were looked at nothing back then stuff going on and why it was forbidden ect,ect I think that it was aimed towards if her husband was being smited for something he did wrong and she's trying to save him from that,she is not to intervene from him getting what Gods wrath is,which we call Gods WRATH due to EVIL ways he despises it...
  • Irene123 on Deuteronomy 25
    2 yrs. ago, J. Derfler - quote,"..... not what has been taught for so long as a place of eternal suffering .....", unquote. Matt.13:24, v. 50; 2 Pet.3:7; Rev.19:20; 20:10; 21:8. Derfler says hell is death, period. we know nothing, no pain, torment. Jesus himself says hell will be cast into the lake of fire - where there is torment forever and ever.
  • John derfler on Deuteronomy 25
    Deuteronomy 25 1 3 are very important versus. It limits the punishment one person can be subject to, 40 stripes and no more. This is important because God is also limited by his own law. Hell is eternal death, not what has been taught for so long as a place of eternal suffering. For Gods elect, or for the unsaved of the world 40 stripes is the total extent of eternal punishment, from the LORD. I hope this truth will help troubled souls.
  • Our creator, Jehovah God, hates injustice. And since we are created in his image we hate injustice too. The injustice is not God 's doing. Many people misuse the free will we have to practice injustice.
  • James on Deuteronomy 25
    Luvo, Amalek was a living person mentioned in Genesis.
  • Two things:1.I see Amalek as satan and that,the chance he gets he uses it to kill us.So when we sin against God we open that chance for satan.And when we do so,he starts from our week points up to our strong holds.2.The Israelites are urged to remember Amalek,but God is directing the children of Isreal not to what Amalik did but to what brought the feirce attack of Amalek"their sin".They tampted God and sin against Hin,hence the place was called Massa and Merriba.
  • James on Deuteronomy 25
    What I have found out about the meaning of Deueronomy 25: 11-12.
    After searching some commentaries I believe there are two answers to your questions.
    The first, it seemed to be well known to people of those times, that not in battle, or in any other similar case,
    A man's private parts were not to be touched.

    She may have used bad judgment, or in her hast to help free her husband from harm forgot that it was a forbidden act.
    The second, is described as a passion, there are some who really enjoy hurting another human in a sexual manner.
    Either one at that time would have been considered a crime.
    I hope this might help you, and please keep studying the bible.
    May God Bless? KJV
  • Anonymous on Deuteronomy 25
    @ Anonymous

    I agree. It does not make sense that they would kill her for saving her husband, but back then women were not thought of as thinking feeling individuals, but more like menís property. This is outlined in that she had to marry her husband's brother. This all began to change when Jesus was born, read up on Mary Magdalene for more.
  • Anonymous on Deuteronomy 25
    verse 11 and 12 why will they cut off her hand for saving her husbands life? this makes no sense


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What shouldn't you muzzle when you 'treadeth out the corn'?
  • the ox
  • the dog
  • the ass
  • thy wife