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1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.

2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.

3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.

6 And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.

7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

10 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.

13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.

16 And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.

17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.

18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.

19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.

23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.

27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.

Commentary for Daniel 8

Daniel's vision of the ram and the he-goat. (1-14) The interpretation of it. (15-27)1-14 God gives Daniel a foresight of the destruction of other kingdoms, which in their day were as powerful as that of Babylon. Could we foresee the changes that shall be when we are gone, we should be less affected with changes in our own day. The ram with two horns was the second empire, that of Media and Persia. He saw this ram overcome by a he-goat. This was Alexander the Great. Alexander, when about thirty-three years of age, and in his full strength, died, and showed the vanity of worldly pomp and power, and that they cannot make a man happy. While men dispute, as in the case of Alexander, respecting the death of some prosperous warrior, it is plain that the great First Cause of all had no more of his plan for him to execute, and therefore cut him off. Instead of that one great horn, there came up four notable ones, Alexander's four chief captains. A little horn became a great persecutor of the church and people of God. It seems that the Mohammedan delusion is here pointed out. It prospered, and at one time nearly destroyed the holy religion God's right hand had planted. It is just with God to deprive those of the privileges of his house who despise and profane them; and to make those know the worth of ordinances by the want of them, who would not know it by the enjoyment of them. Daniel heard the time of this calamity limited and determined; but not the time when it should come. If we would know the mind of God, we must apply to Christ, in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; not hid from us, but hid for us. There is much difficulty as to the precise time here stated, but the end of it cannot be very distant. God will, for his own glory, see to the cleansing of the church in due time. Christ died to cleanse his church; and he will so cleanse it as to present it blameless to himself.

15-27 The eternal Son of God stood before the prophet in the appearance of a man, and directed the angel Gabriel to explain the vision. Daniel's fainting and astonishment at the prospect of evils he saw coming on his people and the church, confirm the opinion that long-continued calamities were foretold. The vision being ended, a charge was given to Daniel to keep it private for the present. He kept it to himself, and went on to do the duty of his place. As long as we live in this world we must have something to do in it; and even those whom God has most honoured, must not think themselves above their business. Nor must the pleasure of communion with God take us from the duties of our callings, but we must in them abide with God. All who are intrusted with public business must discharge their trust uprightly; and, amidst all doubts and discouragements, they may, if true believers, look forward to a happy issue. Thus should we endeavour to compose our minds for attending to the duties to which each is appointed, in the church and in the world.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Daniel 8

  • Vanfanel
    Notable horn Alexander. 4 horns four generals dividing his kingdom. Little horn Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who co-opted priests, banned sacrifices, defiled the Temple, leading to the Maccabean Revolt. As he was fighting another battle when it broke out, he turned back to quell it, but died suddenly of illness "without hand" on the way. Hanukkah celebrates the restoration of the temple afterward.
  • Royweston
    Relax brothers and sisters. all the battles and death described in revelation took place at and around the destruction of the Jewish temple at Jerusalem in 70 a.d. the events described there are historic facts and have been recorded in ancient texts. the kingdom described in Daniels vision is already here in spiritual form all believers are part of it and will continue to expand over the earth.
  • Donald
    The little horn that rises up after Alexander's Empire is broken up into Four kingdoms is Rome. The 2300 day/years of this vision is about Romes rise from 275 B.C. and its transformation into the Roman Catholic Church State, which is the one understanding dark sentences who will destroy the mighty (pagan Rome) and the holy (biblical Christianity). It is destroyed by God by 2026 A.D.
    2300 years.
  • Marlo
    The continuation of the 10 horns or toes is explained in Revelation 13 and 17 by the uniting of their kingdom with the angel or beast that will ascend out of the bottomless pit. When mystery Babylon falls, will begin to culminate thfinal 42month reign of the 10 horns by this angel that was, and is not, yet is who will go into PERDITION.
  • Marlo
    Just for what it is worth, the kingdoms of Grecia don't forget to include Africa into this receive their power from Satan. From the time of Christ til present day, satanic powers have been the ruling forces of the Western nation's.
  • Obbie Beal
    verse 1-27 cover a lot of world-history / history of nations not taught to 99%; at that time even Daniel was astonished at the vision, yet he/we are directed to: " Understand, O son of man for at the time of the end shall be the vision ". Though 1-27 is like a puzzle (1000 pcs) to most in 2019, it directed us from the days of Daniel - 2019; having SALVATION through JESUS BLOOD is what matter.
  • BSP
    Verse 15: Daniel was not content to just see the vision, but he was seeking to understand it. We can imitate him by not only knowing and being familiar with Scriptural teachings, but putting forth the effort to understand them.
  • Word
    Kiowa its spiritual death and Satan as you will read going forward in Daniel comes as peacefully
  • Sabbath keeper and Wife
    Marcelo, that's spot-on! Very accurate. The eighth is of the seven, all of them. Goes into perdition. Who is the ONLY one already sentenced to perdition? This king ran em all.....the devil. The four horns were Alexander's four generals, like the four wings on the leopard. When you look at the four beasts, the statue and the ram/ goat, you get enough info to open Daniel....almost. Use Dan on Rev.
  • Kiowa
    I understand why Daniel almost fainted after seeing this vision. It makes me sick to my stomach just reading what is soon to be. So many will perish thinking they are doing the right thing. The deception of peace is such a great move in the grand game of chess that God and satan have been playng for so long and seems to be winding down with the generation of the fig tree.

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Bible Trivia

In Daniel's vision of the 'Ram and the Goat,' who does the rough goat represent?
  • King of Medes
  • King of Grecia
  • King of Persia
  • Daniel
  • King Belshazzar