2 Timothy
Chapter 1

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1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,

2 To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

3 I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;

4 Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy;

5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also.

6 Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.

7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;

9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,

10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.

12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.

13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.

14 That good thing which was committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us.

15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.

16 The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain:

17 But, when he was in Rome, he sought me out very diligently, and found me.

18 The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well.

Commentary for 2 Timothy 1

The first design of this epistle seems to have been, to apprize Timothy of what had occurred during the imprisonment of the apostle, and to request him to come to Rome. But being uncertain whether he should be suffered to live to see him, Paul gives a variety of advices and encouragements, for the faithful discharge of his ministerial duties. As this was a private epistle written to St. Paul's most intimate friend, under the miseries of imprisonment, and in the near prospect of death, it shows the temper and character of the apostle, and contains convincing proofs that he sincerely believed the doctrines he preached.Paul expresses great affection for Timothy. (1-5) Exhorts him to improve his spiritual gifts. (6-14) Tells of many who basely deserted him; but speaks with affection of Onesiphorus. (15-18)1-5 The promise of eternal life to believers in Christ Jesus, is the leading subject of ministers who are employed according to the will of God. The blessings here named, are the best we can ask for our beloved friends, that they may have peace with God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. Whatever good we do, God must have the glory. True believers have in every age the same religion as to substance. Their faith is unfeigned; it will stand the trial, and it dwells in them as a living principle. Thus pious women may take encouragement from the success of Lois and Eunice with Timothy, who proved so excellent and useful a minister. Some of the most worthy and valuable ministers the church of Christ has been favoured with, have had to bless God for early religious impressions made upon their minds by the teaching of their mothers or other female relatives.

6-14 God has not given us the spirit of fear, but the spirit of power, of courage and resolution, to meet difficulties and dangers; the spirit of love to him, which will carry us through opposition. And the spirit of a sound mind, quietness of mind. The Holy Spirit is not the author of a timid or cowardly disposition, or of slavish fears. We are likely to bear afflictions well, when we have strength and power from God to enable us to bear them. As is usual with Paul, when he mentions Christ and his redemption, he enlarges upon them; so full was he of that which is all our salvation, and ought to be all our desire. The call of the gospel is a holy call, making holy. Salvation is of free grace. This is said to be given us before the world began, that is, in the purpose of God from all eternity; in Christ Jesus, for all the gifts that come from God to sinful man, come in and through Christ Jesus alone. And as there is so clear a prospect of eternal happiness by faith in Him, who is the Resurrection and the Life, let us give more diligence in making his salvation sure to our souls. Those who cleave to the gospel, need not be ashamed, the cause will bear them out; but those who oppose it, shall be ashamed. The apostle had trusted his life, his soul, and eternal interests, to the Lord Jesus. No one else could deliver and secure his soul through the trials of life and death. There is a day coming, when our souls will be inquired after. Thou hadst a soul committed to thee; how was it employed? in the service of sin, or in the service of Christ? The hope of the lowest real Christian rests on the same foundation as that of the great apostle. He also has learned the value and the danger of his soul; he also has believed in Christ; and the change wrought in his soul, convinces the believer that the Lord Jesus will keep him to his heavenly kingdom. Paul exhorts Timothy to hold fast the Holy Scriptures, the substance of solid gospel truth in them. It is not enough to assent to the sound words, but we must love them. The Christian doctrine is a trust committed to us; it is of unspeakable value in itself, and will be of unspeakable advantage to us. It is committed to us, to be preserved pure and entire, yet we must not think to keep it by our own strength, but by the power of the Holy Spirit dwelling in us; and it will not be gained by those who trust in their own hearts, and lean to their own understandings.

15-18 The apostle mentions the constancy of Onesiphorus; he oft refreshed him with his letters, and counsels, and comforts, and was not ashamed of him. A good man will seek to do good. The day of death and judgment is an awful day. And if we would have mercy then, we must seek for it now of the Lord. The best we can ask, for ourselves or our friends, is, that the Lord will grant that we and they may find mercy of the Lord, when called to pass out of time into eternity, and to appear before the judgment seat of Christ.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 2 Timothy 1

  • Jan Hethcoat on 2 Timothy 1:7
    I love and believe in God ,but I also fear God. I believe that when I step out of God's will that He might and does, deal with me. The Holy Spirit makes me very uncomfortable until I go to God in prayer and seek His forgiveness.
  • Chris - in Reply on 2 Timothy 1:7
    Jan, it is wonderful that He deals with us as a loving father would on Earth (Heb 12:5-11) & not as a tyrant lording it over us for our many sins & weaknesses. We always notice that His dealings with us are gentle, patient, & imploring. Conviction of that sin is the first sign of the Spirit speaking to our spirit that all is not well & the Mercy Seat is available for us. How privileged & blessed we are to be His precious children.
  • Abraham on 2 Timothy 1:7
    The fear the Bible talks about is used with negative "not" refers to the condition in which we approach God.Because before Jesus ,our ancestors were given the covenant of Law on Mount Sinai to follow to live in peace with God. But the were dying like insect by a little mistake. In this way, the had been afraid to approach the Lord. Even animals died when the approached. Moses even said it that he was afraid to go near.They broke the covanant He told Jeremiah to let them know that he was about to make a new covenant with them which is of" LOVE AND PEACE not Of FEAR.(JER:31:33-34.)this is Jesus.Then through Jesus we are bound to God and live in peace andgo to God without fear..
  • Adam on 2 Timothy 1:12
    In this world of PC and political shaming and relentless attacks of Christians while somehow being respectful of non-Christian religions, it's not easy to apply this verse. It takes faith.
  • Harry on 2 Timothy 1:7
    In PS.34, David said, he sought the Lord& He delivered him from all his fears. That doesn't mean that David didn't have anymore.
  • Helena Garilano - in Reply on 2 Timothy 1
    Correct!Jesus showed us how to cast our demons of fear out Mark 16:17 Deliverance is a ministry about how to cast our demons
  • Fred Scanlan on 2 Timothy 1
    We need to reassure our pastors that in spite of the unbelief exhibited by the church today that we also believe, teach and are teachers of the gospel. Like then the church today is trampling the word for the sake of the ungodly. How long will you halt between two? We are not to be ashamed for what we believe. Being a prisoner,held by the gospel of truth. Stir up our minds , to be instant in season, proclaiming the hope in the Lord Jesus.Walk in the spirit, let the gospel convince you. Hold on to that holy spirit ,you are a holy priesthood.Proclaim his holy name as the spirit gives thee utterance.
  • Dougslug on 2 Timothy 1
    He was not ashamed of my chain. Though Paul was a prisoner his faithful friend came to see him and did not think less of him for the chain around his ankle. We can learn from this not to judge others for their position in life as after all Jesus was crucified between 2 other prisoners. Judge others for their faith and take stock of your own faith.
  • Freedomborn*** on 2 Timothy 1
    Do you also reject Jesus being called Emanuel meaning God with us. Our Abba Father has differant Names too and they have meaning. Anne
  • I, even I, am that Michael Isaac Dale: on 2 Timothy 1
    See his envy O man? He is corrupt: so is his fruit. Being death he preaches death. He perishes as will his meat. That wicked, being willfully ignorant of the witnesses, confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh: whom I am witness. For my Holy Father will give thee the light of life. It is written, Whosoever lives and believes in me shall never die. Believe thou this? Repent: then believe.


 

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In 2 Timothy, who is referred to as a 'beloved son?'
  • John Mark
  • Timothy
  • Jesus
  • Erastus
  • Barnabas