2 Chronicles
Chapter 36

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1 Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.

2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.

3 And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.

5 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God.

6 Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon.

7 Nebuchadnezzar also carried of the vessels of the house of the LORD to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon.

8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

9 Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.

10 And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.

11 Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.

12 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the LORD.

13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel.

14 Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.

15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place:

16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.

17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand.

18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon.

19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.

20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia:

21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.

22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.

Commentary for 2 Chronicles 36

The destruction of Jerusalem. (1-21) The proclamation of Cyrus. (22,23)1-21 The ruin of Judah and Jerusalem came on by degrees. The methods God takes to call back sinners by his word, by ministers, by conscience, by providences, are all instances of his compassion toward them, and his unwillingness that any should perish. See here what woful havoc sin makes, and, as we value the comfort and continuance of our earthly blessings, let us keep that worm from the root of them. They had many times ploughed and sowed their land in the seventh year, when it should have rested, and now it lay unploughed and unsown for ten times seven years. God will be no loser in his glory at last, by the disobedience of men. If they refused to let the land rest, God would make it rest. What place, O God, shall thy justice spare, if Jerusalem has perished? If that delight of thine were cut off for wickedness, let us not be high-minded, but fear.

22,23 God had promised the restoring of the captives, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem, at the end of seventy years; and that time to favour Zion, that set time, came at last. Though God's church be cast down, it is not cast off; though his people be corrected, they are not abandoned; though thrown into the furnace, they are not lost there, nor left there any longer than till the dross be separated. Though God contend long, he will not contend always. Before we close the books of the Chronicles, which contain a faithful register of events, think what desolation sin introduced into the world, nay, even into the church of God. Let us tremble at what is here recorded, while in the character of some few gracious souls, we discover that the Lord left not himself without witness. And when we have looked at this faithful portrait of man by nature, let us contrast with it that same nature, when recovered by Almighty grace, through the justifying and soul-adorning righteousness of Christ our Saviour.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 2 Chronicles 36

  • 2 Kings 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. This says the eighth yr of his reign so he would of been 16 by then.So 8 yrs old when he became king would of been correct.
  • Peter A. Okebukola on 2 Chronicles 36
    Josiah did well but at the end did not listen to the Word of God through Necho. He was mortally wounded in the battle and later died in Jerusalem. We must keep listening to and obeying the words of God.
  • CHarris on 2 Chronicles 36
    In order to rule over Gods people you must first surround yourselves with people who know God and respect his authority. Young people have to grow into such knowledge and seek God and his wisdom to fully understand the power of the Lord God.
  • Like ancient Latin, the Hebrew language uses the letters of the alphabet for numbers. The difference between eight and eighteen is the presence of a "hook " symbol over the letters for eighteen, and if the person who copied the manuscript failed to add the "hook, " the error would be recorded and repeated. These occasional scribal errors in no way affect the inspiration of Scripture and do not touch upon any major teaching in the Bible. The text clearly ascribes willful evil to this king, something not to be expected if this was merely a boy of eight subject to the whims of many royal advisors. Both Chronicles and Kings note that he reigned only three months after which he was taken captive. At the time of this captivity his wives note the plural were taken as well. This is clearly indicative of an eighteen year old king and not an eight year old who would not even be considered a man under Jewish law. Consider how he became king...2 Chronicles 36 5 8 Jehoiakim was twenty five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem and he did evil in the sight of the Lord his God. 6 Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against him and bound him with bronze chains to take him to Babylon. 7 Nebuchadnezzar also brought some of the articles of the house of the Lord to Babylon and put them in his temple at Babylon. 8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and the abominations which he did, and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son became king in his place. NASU Nebuchadnezzar was the reason Jehoiachin became king after his father was deposed in 597 B.C. It is highly improbable that Nebuchadnezzar would have placed an eight year old into this position as he would not have one individual to hold responsible, as any young king would be subject to a multitude of advisors. In fact, when Nebuchadnezzar subsequently removed Jehoiachin he made his uncle king and not one of Jehoiachin 's very young children. Also, if Jehoiachin was only eight years old, it 's unlikely that he would have been imprisoned in Babylon 2 Kings 24 15, 25 27 . Some translations now legitimately have corrected this error in the text...2 Chronicles 36 9 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months and ten days. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. NIV The bottom line is that with confidence we can state that Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign.
  • Evans Achieng on 2 Chronicles 36
    Blessed be you my brother sister? Battyus for the clarification. My sister brother? Siti, the bible was written by God 's mind through man 's erring hands. Verses 15 16 explain how God tries to keep us but we refuse until 'this is no remedy "....sad.
  • Bradley Templeton on 2 Chronicles 36
    Why do many scholars state Chronicles 36 is end of Old Testament, despite the last verse of Chap. 36 has knowledge and is similar to start of Ezra Nehemiah? When written, not placement in Bible.
  • Deborah. on 2 Chronicles 36:6
    When we disobey and disregard him (GOD), the enemies will penetrate into our lives and leads us in the sin chains.
  • why 2 Chronicles 36:9 says "eight years.." but 2 Kings 24:8 says "eighteen years?" im confuses... is it people who write the Bible?
  • Peggy on 2 Chronicles 36
    I was wondering if chapter 9 of 2 chroncles of 36 was a misprint? 18 instead of 8?
  • Battyus on 2 Chronicles 36
    Hello Ali Omar:
    It is very interesting, how the Bible describes the various kings' ages and the beginning and the end of their reigns.

    At first sight there are many discrepancies, that you can only understand if you compare all the relevant verses from the Books of Kings and Chronicles.

    I guess you've already started doing this comparison, that's how you've found these seemingly contradicting verses.

    To answer your question:
    Jehoiachin was 18 years old when he ***Officially*** took over the throne in Judah and reigned for exactly 3 months and 10 days.

    When in 2Chr 36:9 says that he was 8 years old, it refers to Jehoiachin's age when his ***Co-regency*** started with his father.

    His father (Jehoiakim) was king for 11 years, that means 10 years will go by before the next king will reign. This means that the 8 years old Jehoiachin will become 18 years old when he will ***Officially*** sit on the throne of Judah.

    2Kings 24:8 only gives you 3 months, as it did not go into exact details to mention the 3 Months and 10 days.

    You can find an in depth study about the Kings of Judah and Israel at Link


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What son of Josiah only reigned as king for three months?
  • Manasseh
  • Jehoiakim
  • Zedekiah
  • Jehoahaz