Solomon intending to build a temple for God, and a palace for himself, sent to Hiram, king of Tyre, to furnish him with materials and workmen, 2 Chronicles 2:1, to which Hiram returned an agreeable answer, 2 Chronicles 2:11, and for this service Solomon numbered all the strangers in Israel, 2 Chronicles 2:17.
and an house for his kingdom; for a royal palace for him, and his successors, first the one, and then the other; and in this order they were built.
as thou didst deal with my father, and didst send him cedars to build him an house to dwell therein; see 1 Chronicles 14:1, even so deal with me; which words are a supplement.
to dedicate it to him; to set it apart for sacred service to him:
and to burn before him sweet incense; on the altar of incense:
and for the continual shewbread; the loaves of shewbread, which were continually on the shewbread table; which, and the altar of incense, both were set in the holy place in the tabernacle, and so to be in the temple:
and for the burnt offerings morning and evening; the daily sacrifice: on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the Lord our God: at which seasons, besides the daily sacrifice, additional burnt offerings were offered, and all on the brasen altar in the court: this is an ordinance
for ever unto Israel: to offer the above sacrifices, even for a long time to come, until the Messiah comes; and therefore Solomon suggests, as Jarchi and Kimchi think, that a good strong house ought to be built.
for great is our God above all gods; and therefore ought to have a temple to exceed all others, as the temple at Jerusalem did.
seeing the heaven, and heaven of heavens, cannot contain him? see 1 Kings 8:27,
who am I then, that I should build him an house, save only to burn sacrifice before him? since God was an immense and infinite Being, be would have Hiram to understand that he had no thought of building an house, in which he could be circumscribed and contained, only a place in which he might be worshipped, and sacrifices offered to him.
and in purple, and crimson, and blue; used in making the vails for it, hung up in different places:
and that can skill to grave; in wood or stone:
with the cunning men that are with me in Judah and Jerusalem, whom my father David did provide; see 1 Chronicles 22:15.
for I know that thy servants can skill to cut timber in Lebanon; better than his:
and, behold, my servants shall be with thy servants; to help and assist them in what they can, and to learn of them, see 1 Kings 5:6.
(c) In Targum in loc.
for the house which I am about to build shall be wonderful great; as to its structure and ornaments.
and twenty thousand measures of barley; the measures of both these were the cor, of which see 1 Kings 5:11,
and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil; which measure was the tenth part of a "cor". According to the Ethiopians, a man might consume four of these measures in the space of a month (f).
(d) Apud Kimchium in loc. (e) So Kimchi, "pro" "ineuria librariorum", Schindler, Lex. Pentaglott. Colossians 73. (f) Ludolf. Lexic. Ethiop. p. 197.
because the Lord hath loved his people; he hath made thee king over them; which are much the same words the queen of Sheba said to Solomon; see Gill on 1 Kings 10:9.
who hath given to David the king a wise son, endued with prudence and understanding; see 1 Kings 5:7.
that might build an house for the Lord, and for his kingdom; as in 2 Chronicles 2:1.
of Huram my father's; a workman of his, whom he employed, and so might be depended upon as a good artificer; though rather Huram is the artificer's name:
and Abi, we render "my father", his surname, that is, "Huram Abi"; and this is the opinion of several learned men (g), and is very probable; for certain it is, that his name was Huram or Hiram, 1 Kings 7:13, and so he is called "Huram his father, or Huram Abif", 2 Chronicles 4:16.
(g) Luther. Emanuel Sa, Piscator, Schmidt, Beckius in Targum in loc.
let him send unto his servants; Hiram accepted thereof as a proper reward for the work of his servants.
and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa; a port in the Mediterranean sea, the same that Jonah went down to; see Gill on 1 Kings 5:9,
and thou shalt carry it up to Jerusalem; in land carriages, about forty miles off.
after the numbering wherewith David his father had numbered them; not at the time Israel was numbered by him, but in order to provide workmen for the building of the temple, 1 Chronicles 22:2,
and they were found an hundred and fifty thousand and six hundred; men able to bear burdens, and hew timber.