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Song of Solomon
2 Chronicles 20 COMMENTARY (Matthew Henry)
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2 Chronicles 20
Matthew Henry's Commentary
2 Chronicles 20:1
It came to pass after this also,
the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them
beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle.
20:1-13 In all dangers, public or personal, our first business should be to seek help from God. Hence the advantage of days for national fasting and prayer. From the first to the last of our seeking the Lord, we must approach him with humiliation for our sins, trusting only in his mercy and power. Jehoshaphat acknowledges the sovereign dominion of the Divine Providence. Lord, exert it on our behalf. Whom should we seek to, whom should we trust to for relief, but the God we have chosen and served. Those that use what they have for God, may comfortably hope he will secure it to them. Every true believer is a son of Abraham, a friend of God; with such the everlasting covenant is established, to such every promise belongs. We are assured of God's love, by his dwelling in human nature in the person of the Saviour. Jehoshaphat mentions the temple, as a token of God's favourable presence. He pleads the injustice of his enemies. We may well appeal to God against those that render us evil for good. Though he had a great army, he said, We have no might without thee; we rely upon thee.
2 Chronicles 20:2
Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they
in Hazazontamar, which
2 Chronicles 20:3
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.
2 Chronicles 20:4
And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask
of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD.
2 Chronicles 20:5
And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court,
2 Chronicles 20:6
And said, O LORD God of our fathers,
not thou God in heaven? and rulest
thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand
is there not
power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee?
2 Chronicles 20:7
not thou our God,
didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever?
2 Chronicles 20:8
And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying,
2 Chronicles 20:9
evil cometh upon us,
the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name
in this house,) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help.
2 Chronicles 20:10
And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not;
2 Chronicles 20:11
I say, how
they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit.
2 Chronicles 20:12
O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes
2 Chronicles 20:13
And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children.
2 Chronicles 20:14
Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation;
20:14-19 The Spirit of prophecy came upon a Levite in the midst of the congregation. The Spirit, like the wind, blows where and on whom He listeth. He encouraged them to trust in God. Let the Christian soldier go out against his spiritual enemies, and the God of peace will make him more than a conqueror. Our trials will prove our gain. The advantage will be all our own, but the whole glory must be given to God.
2 Chronicles 20:15
And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle
not yours, but God's.
2 Chronicles 20:16
To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel.
2 Chronicles 20:17
Ye shall not
to fight in this
: set yourselves, stand ye
, and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD
2 Chronicles 20:18
And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with
face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD.
2 Chronicles 20:19
And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high.
2 Chronicles 20:20
And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper.
20:20-30 Jehoshaphat exhorted his troops to firm faith in God. Faith inspires a man with true courage; nor will any thing help more to the establishing of the heart in shaking times, than a firm belief of the power, and mercy, and promise of God. In all our trust in the Lord, and our praises of him, let us especially look at his everlasting mercy to sinners through Jesus Christ. Never was an army so destroyed as that of the enemy. Thus God often makes wicked people destroy one another. And never was a victory celebrated with more solemn thanksgivings.
2 Chronicles 20:21
And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy
2 Chronicles 20:22
And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.
2 Chronicles 20:23
For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy
: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another.
2 Chronicles 20:24
And when Judah came toward the watch tower in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they
dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped.
2 Chronicles 20:25
And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.
2 Chronicles 20:26
And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day.
2 Chronicles 20:27
Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies.
2 Chronicles 20:28
And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 20:29
And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of
countries, when they had heard that the LORD fought against the enemies of Israel.
2 Chronicles 20:30
So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about.
2 Chronicles 20:31
And Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah:
thirty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name
Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
20:31-37 Jehoshaphat kept close to the worship of God, and did what he could to keep his people close to it. But after God had done such great things for him, given him not only victory, but wealth; after this, to go and join himself with a wicked king, was very ungrateful. What could he expect but that God would be angry with him? Yet it seems, he took the warning; for when Ahaziah afterward pressed him to join him, he would not, 1Ki 22:49. Thus the alliance was broken, and the Divine rebuke had its effect, at least for a season. Let us be thankful for any losses which may have prevented the loss of our immortal souls. Let us praise the Lord, who sought after us, and left us not to perish in our sins.
2 Chronicles 20:32
And he walked in the way of Asa his father, and departed not from it, doing
that which was
right in the sight of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 20:33
Howbeit the high places were not taken away: for as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers.
2 Chronicles 20:34
Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they
written in the book of Jehu the son of Hanani, who
mentioned in the book of the kings of Israel.
2 Chronicles 20:35
And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who did very wickedly:
2 Chronicles 20:36
And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and they made the ships in Eziongeber.
2 Chronicles 20:37
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
Courtesy of Open Bible
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