2 Chronicles 15:8 MEANING

2 Chronicles 15:8

(2 Chronicles 15:8-15).

(8) And the prophecy of Oded the prophet.--Heb., And the prophecy Oded the prophet; without any connection. This is suspicious, and suggests the idea that "Oded the prophet" is a marginal gloss, which has crept into the text; especially as, according to 2 Chronicles 15:1, not Oded, but Azariah son of Oded, was the author of the prophecy. Possibly there is a lacuna, and the original text ran: "And the prophecy which Azariah son of Oded, the prophet, spake." There is no variation in Heb. MSS., and the readings of the versions only show that the difficulty is ancient. (LXX., Vatic., "the prophecy of Adad the prophet; "but in 2 Chronicles 15:1 : "Azarias son of Oded;" Alex., "Azarias son of Adad the prophet;" Syr., "Azariah son of Azur;" Vulg., "Azariah son of Oded the prophet.") these words and the prophecy, i.e., these words, even (or, that is) the prophecy. Epexegetical use of the conjunction.

He took courage.--Hithchazzaq, strengthened himself (2 Chronicles 12:13). The same verb as be strong chizq-), 2 Chronicles 15:7.

And put away.--Removed (1 Kings 15:12).

The abominable idols.--Abominations (shiqq-tsim): one of the many terms of contempt applied (to idols (Deuteronomy 29:17; 1 Kings 11:5; 1 Kings 11:7; Jeremiah 4:1).

The cities which he had taken from mount Ephraim.--The hill-country of Ephraim. In 2 Chronicles 17:2 we read again: "the cities of Ephraim, which Asa had taken." It is generally assumed that in both passages there is a somewhat inaccurate reference to the conquests of Abijah recorded in 2 Chronicles 13:19; for hitherto Asa had had no wars with the northern kingdom (2 Chronicles 14:1; 2 Chronicles 14:6; 2 Chronicles 15:19). But Asa may have annexed some of the towns on his northern border without resistance, after his victory over Zerah. (Comp. the voluntary immigration into Judah described in 2 Chronicles 15:9.) Thenius, who fixes the date of Baasha's attempt before the Cushite invasion, says that Asa seems to have assumed the offensive after Baasha's retreat from Ramah.

And renewed the altar.--The context seems to imply that this "renewal" consisted in reconsecration, the altar having been defiled by an illegal cultus. So the LXX. and Vulg., ?????????, dedicavit. The word, however, may only mean repaired, restored. The altar had now stood sixty years. (Comp. 2 Chronicles 24:4.)

Verse 8. - These words and the prophecy. In addition to what is said under ver. 1 on the question of the occurrence here of the name Oded, where we should have looked for the name Azariah, it may be noted that it is open to possibility that "these words" certainly referring to the language of Azariah, the "prophecy" may have in view some quotation more or less well known from Oded, satisfied by the latter part of ver. 2 or By ver. 7. This is not very likely; still, the conjunction "and" would thereby better account for itself. Nevertheless, it would still remain that the word "prophecy" is not in construct but absolute state, and we cannot count the difficulty removed, comparatively unimportant as it may be. He took courage, and put away, etc. These words may express either Asa's accomplishing of the reforms spoken of in the former chapter (vers. 3-5), or quite as probably his perseverance and renewed diligence and vigour in the same; the language, "he took courage," favours this latter view. The cities which he had taken from, etc. Some say that the reference here and in 2 Chronicles 17:2 also must be understood to be to Abijah's victory and spoils (2 Chronicles 13:19), and that these two places must accordingly be in slight error. If this passage had stood alone, this view might have been more easy to accept, but the words in 2 Chronicles 17:2 explicitly state that Asa had taken such cities, and the mere fact that the history does not record when, nor even show any very convenient gap into which Asa's taking of such cities after conflict with Israel might well fit in, can scarcely be allowed to override the direct assertion of 2 Chronicles 17:2 (comp. 2 Chronicles 16:11). At the same time, the work that would devolve on Asa in holding the cities his father Abijah had first taken, may easily account for all, and have been accounted Asa's taking, in the sense of taking to them, or retaking them. Renewed the altar. The altar, the place of which was before the porch, was the altar of burnt offering. The Hebrew for "renewed" is חִדֵּשׁ. The Vulgate translates insufficiently dedicavit. Bertheau thinks the renewal designs simply the purification of it from idolatrous defilements, although he admits that this is to assume that it had been defiled by idolatrous priests. Keil says the altar might well need genuine repair after the lapse of sixty years from the building of the temple. Of the nine occurrences of the word. five are metaphorical(as e.g. Psalm 51:10), but of the remaining four distinctly literal uses, including the present, three must mean just strictly "repair" (2 Chronicles 24:4, 12; Isaiah 61:4), and the probability may therefore be that such is the meaning now. Many, however, prefer the other view. The work of Ass, as described in 2 Chronicles 14:3-5, was one of taking away, breaking down, and cutting down; but this item shows it now, in his fifteenth year, become also one of renewing. and repairing. The porch of (so 2 Chronicles 29:17; 1 Kings 7:6, 7, 12; Ezekiel 40:7); איּלָם, though in construct state, the kametz impure.

15:1-19 The people make a solemn covenant with God. - The work of complete reformation appeared so difficult, that Asa had not courage to attempt it, till assured of Divine assistance and acceptance. He and his people offered sacrifices to God; thanksgiving for the favours they had received, and supplication for further favours. Prayers and praises are now our spiritual sacrifices. The people, of their own will, covenanted to seek the Lord, each for himself, with earnestness. What is religion but seeking God, inquiring after him, applying to him upon all occasions? We make nothing of our religion, if we do not make heart-work of it; God will have all the heart, or none. Our devotedness to God our Saviour, should be avowed and shown in the most solemn and public manner. What is done in hypocrisy is a mere drudgery.And when Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of Oded the prophet,.... Some think that besides the above words of Azariah the son of Oded, a prophecy of Oded his father was related by him, though not recorded; but rather Oded here is the same with the son of Oded; and so the Vulgate Latin and Syriac versions read Azariah the son of Oded; and so does the Alexandrian copy of the Septuagint version:

he took courage, and put away the abominable idols out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin; which were abominable to God, and all good men; besides the images and statues he had broken before, he removed other idols that remained, being animated and emboldened by the speech of the prophet:

and out of the cities which he had taken from Mount Ephraim: the same which his father Abijah had taken from Jeroboam, 2 Chronicles 13:19 and which perhaps, upon the approach of the Ethiopians, revolted from Asa, or were restored by them to Jeroboam, and Which Asa retook upon his conquest of them:

and renewed the altar of the Lord before the porch of the Lord; the altar of burnt offering, which had never been repaired since it was made by Solomon; perhaps he anew overlaid it with brass that being worn out, or become very thin in some places.

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