Chapter 21

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1 The kings heart is in the hand of the Lord, as the riuers of water: hee turneth it whithersoeuer he will.

2 Euery way of a man is right in his owne eyes: but the Lord pondereth the hearts.

3 To doe iustice and iudgement, is more acceptable to the Lord, then sacrifice.

4 An high looke, and a proud heart, and the plowing of the wicked, is sinne.

5 The thoughts of the diligent tend onely to plenteousnes: but of euery one that is hastie, onely to want.

6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue, is a vanitie tossed to and fro of them that seeke death.

7 The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them; because they refuse to doe iudgement.

8 The way of man is froward and strange: but as for the pure; his worke is right.

9 It is better to dwell in a corner of the house top; then with a brawling woman in a wide house.

10 The soule of the wicked desireth euill: his neighbour findeth no fauour in his eyes.

11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, he receiueth knowledge.

12 The righteous man wisely considereth the house of the wicked: but God ouerthroweth the wicked for their wickednesse.

13 Whoso stoppeth his eares at the cry of the poore, hee also shall cry himselfe, but shall not be heard.

14 A gift in secret pacifieth anger; and a reward in the bosome, strong wrath.

15 It is ioy to the iust to doe iudgement: but destruction shalbe to the workers of iniquitie.

16 The man that wandreth out of the way of vnderstanding, shall remaine in the congregation of the dead.

17 He that loueth pleasure, shall be a poore man: hee that loueth wine and oyle, shall not be rich.

18 The wicked shalbe a ransome for the righteous; and the transgressour for the vpright.

19 It is better to dwell in the wildernesse, then with a contentious and an angry woman.

20 There is treasure to be desired, and oyle in the dwelling of the wise: but a foolish man spendeth it vp.

21 Hee that followeth after righteousnesse and mercy, findeth life, righteousnesse and honour.

22 A wise man scaleth the citie of the mightie, and casteth downe the strength of the confidence thereof.

23 Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue, keepeth his soule from troubles.

24 Proud and haughtie scorner, is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath.

25 The desire of the slouthfull killeth him: for his hands refuse to labour.

26 Hee coueteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giueth and spareth not.

27 The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked minde?

28 A false witnesse shall perish: but the man that heareth, speaketh constantly.

29 A wicked man hardeneth his face: but as for the vpright, he directeth his way.

30 There is no wisedome, nor vnderstanding, nor counsell against the Lord.

31 The horse is prepared against the day of battell: but safetie is of the Lord.

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Commentary for Proverbs 21

1 The believer, perceiving that the Lord rules every heart as he sees fit, like the husbandman who turns the water through his grounds as he pleases, seeks to have his own heart, and the hearts of others, directed in his faith, fear, and love. #2|. We are partial in judging ourselves and our actions. #3|. Many deceive themselves with a conceit that outward devotions will excuse unrighteousness. #4|. Sin is the pride, the ambition, the glory, the joy, and the business of wicked men. #5|. The really diligent employ foresight as well as labour. #6|. While men seek wealth by unlawful practices, they seek death. #7|. Injustice will return upon the sinner, and will destroy him here and for ever. #8|. The way of mankind by nature is froward and strange. 9|. It is best to shun bitter contention by pouring out the heart before God. For by prudence and patience, with constant prayer, the cross may be removed. #10|. The evil desires of a wicked man's heart, lead to baseness in his conduct. #11|. The simple may be made wise by punishments on the wicked, and by instructions to those who are willing to be taught. #12|. Good men envy not the prosperity of evil-doers; they see there is a curse on them. #13|. Such as oppress the poor by beating down wages, such as will not relieve according to their ability those in distress, and those in authority who neglect to do justice, stop their ears at the cry of the poor. But doubtless care is to be used in the exercise of charity. #14|. If money can conquer the fury of the passions, shall reason, the fear of God, and the command of Christ, be too weak to bridle them? #15|. There is true pleasure only in the practice of religion. #16|. Of all wanderers in the ways of sin, those are in the most dangerous condition who turn aside into the ways of darkness. Yet there is hope even for them in the all-sufficient Saviour; but let them flee to him without delay. #17|. A life of worldly pleasure brings ruin on men. #18|. The righteous is often delivered out of trouble, and the wicked comes in his stead, and so seems as a ransom for him. #19|. Unbridled passions spoil the comfort of all relations. #20|. The plenty obtained by prudence, industry, and frugality, is desirable. But the foolish misspend what they have upon their lusts. #21|. True repentance and faith will lead him that relies on the mercy of God in Christ, to follow after righteousness and mercy in his own conduct. #22|. Those that have wisdom, often do great things, even against those confident of their strength. #23|. It is our great concern to keep our souls from being entangled and disquieted. #24|. Pride and haughtiness make men passionate; such continually deal in wrath, as if it were their trade to be angry. #25,26|. Here is the misery of the slothful; their hands refuse to labour in an honest calling, by which they might get an honest livelihood; yet their hearts cease not to covet riches, pleasures, and honours, which cannot be obtained without labour. But the righteous and industrious have their desires satisfied. #27|. When holiness is pretended, but wickedness intended, that especially is an abomination. #28|. The doom of a false witness is certain. #29|. A wicked man bids defiance to the terrors of the law and the rebukes of Providence. But a good man asks, What does God require of me? #30,31|. Means are to be used, but, after all, our safety and salvation are only of the Lord. In our spiritual warfare we must arm ourselves with the whole armour of God; but our strength must be in the Lord, and in the power of his might.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Proverbs 21

  • Steve morrow
    PROVERBS 21:30 there is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against THE LORD HEBREWS 10:31 it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living GOD HEBREWS 10:36 for you have need of patience that after you have done the will of GOD you might receive the promise PSALM 119:1 blessed are the undefiled in the way who walk in the law of THE LORD
  • Will of my father
    A brawling woman is not a Godly woman. The man and the woman must yield to the leading of the Holy Ghost just as the bride of Christ (the chuch) to Him that your prayers be not hindered. Check out 1 Peter 3
  • Donna
    I'm shocked and sadden. Are these Christians responding here. You talk only about the nagging wife.-But there is a root to this fruit. "Why?" She is responding to something wrong. How she responds gets on the man's nerves, but there is something the man is lacking here. It is responsiblity. When she responds like this, it may make you want to be anywhere but there, but She has unmet needs. Love h
  • Benny
    Clay it's just saying who can mess with the creator? You can't touch his absolute superiority on all counts.
  • Cynthia
    In life there are so many enemies of destiny and talking about our plans most times gives them the edge to manipulate. It is better to talk your plans over to God than man. He will give you better direction. So, thank God for this word that came to me today as a reminder that I should talk less about my plans and depend on God to help achieve my plans. Also, I don t need to have an opinion in every matter that is brought around me. Sometimes, people capitalize on the word you say and use it against you. I have been in so many situations to know that most times having no opinion is better than be a smart aleck . So yes, He who keeps his mouth and tongue, keeps his soul from trouble.
  • BSP
    It is important that we keep our words in check and we can avoid a lot of problems if we think before we speak.

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