“Iesus therefore againe groning in himselfe, commeth to the graue. It was a caue, and a stone lay vpon it.”
1611 King James Version (KJV)
11:38 It was a cave - So Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their wives, except Rachel, were buried in the cave of Machpelah, #Gen 49:29 |- 31. These caves were commonly in rocks, which abounded in that country, either hollowed by nature or hewn by art. And the entrance was shut up with a great stone, which sometimes had a monumental inscription.
Joh 11:38 Jesus . . . cometh to the grave. Graves in Palestine were caves in the rock, either natural or cut, and the mouth was closed by a great stone. Such graves are still seen there. For references to graves, see Ge 23:9 35:8 1Ki 2:34 Isa 14:15 22:16 Mt 27:60 Joh 19:41.