Chapter 52

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1 Zedekiah was one and twentie yeere olde when he began to reigne, and he reigned eleuen yeeres in Ierusalem, and his mothers name was Hamutal the daughter of Ieremiah of Libnah.

2 And hee did that which was euill in the eyes of the Lord, according to all that Iehoiakim had done.

3 For through the anger of the Lord it came to passe in Ierusalem and Iudah, till hee had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

4 And it came to passe in the ninth yere of his reigne, in the tenth moneth, in the tenth day of the moneth, that Nebuchad rezzar king of Babylon came, hee, and all his armie against Ierusalem, and pitched against it, and built fortes against it round about.

5 So the citie was besieged vnto the eleuenth yeere of king Zedekiah.

6 And in the fourth moneth, in the ninth day of the moneth, the famine was sore in the citie, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

7 Then the city was broken vp, and all the men of warre fled, and went foorth out of the citie by night, by the way of the gate between the two wals, which was by the kings garden (now the Caldeans were by the city round about) and they went by the way of the plaine.

8 But the armie of the Caldeans pursued after the king, and ouertooke Zedekiah in the plaines of Iericho, & all his armie was scattered from him.

9 Then they tooke the king, and caried him vp vnto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath: where he gaue iudgement vpon him.

10 And the king of Babylon slew the sonnes of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slewe also all the princes of Iudah in Riblah.

11 Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and the king of Babylon bound him in chaines, and caried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.

12 Now in the fifth moneth, in the tenth day of the moneth (which was the nineteenth yeere of Nebuchad-rezzar king of Babylon) came Nebuzaradan captaine of the guard, which serued the king of Babylon, into Ierusalem;

13 And burnt the house of the Lord, and the kings house, and all the houses of Ierusalem, and all the houses of the great men burnt he with fire.

14 And all the armie of the Caldeans that were with the captaine of the guard, brake downe all the walles of Ierusalem round about.

15 Then Nebuzaradan the captaine of the guard, caried away captiue certaine of the poore of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the citie, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.

16 But Nebuzaradan the captaine of the guard, left certaine of the poore of the land for Uine-dressers and for husbandmen.

17 Also the pillars of brasse that were in the house of the Lord, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the Lord, the Caldeans brake, and caried all the brasse of them to Babylon.

18 The cauldrons also, and the shouels, and the snuffers, and the bolles, and the spoones, and all the vessels of brasse wherewith they ministred, tooke they away.

19 And the basons, and the firepans, and the bolles, and the cauldrons, and the candlestickes, and the spoones, and the cuppes; that which was of golde, in golde, and that which was of siluer, in siluer, tooke the captaine of the guard away:

20 The two pillars, one Sea, and twelue brasen bulles, that were vnder the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the Lord: the brasse of all these vessels was without weight.

21 And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteene cubites, and a fillet of twelue cubites did compasse it, and the thickenesse thereof was foure fingers: it was hollow.

22 And a chapiter of brasse was vpon it, and the height of one chapiter was fiue cubites, with networke and pomegranates vpon the chapiters round about, all of brasse: the second pillar also and the pomegranates were like vnto these.

23 And there were ninetie and sixe pomegranates on a side, and all the pomegranates vpon the networke were an hundreth round about.

24 And the captaine of the guard tooke Seraiah the chiefe Priest, and Zephaniah the second Priest, and the three keepers of the doore.

25 Hee tooke also out of the citie an Eunuch, which had the charge of the men of warre, and seuen men of them that were neere the kings person which were found in the citie, and the principall Scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the middest of the citie.

26 So Nebuzar-adan the captaine of the guard tooke them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah.

27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah, in the land of Hamath: thus Iudah was caried away captiue out of his owne land.

28 This is the people whom Nebuchad-rezzar caried away captiue in the seuenth yeere, three thousand Iewes and three and twentie.

29 In the eighteenth yeere of Nebuchad-rezzar hee caried away captiue from Ierusalem eight hundredth, thirtie and two persons.

30 In the three and twentith yeere of Nebuchad-rezzar, Nebuzar-adan the captaine of the guard, caried away captiue of the Iewes seuen hundreth fortie and fiue persons: all the persons were foure thousand and sixe hundreth.

31 And it came to passe in the seuen and thirtieth yeere of the captiuitie of Iehoiakin king of Iudah, in the twelfth moneth, in the fiue and twentieth day of the moneth, that Euil-merodach king of Babylon, in the first yeere of his reigne, lifted vp the head of Iehoiakin king of Iudah, and brought him forth out of prison,

32 And spake kindly vnto him, and set his throne aboue the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,

33 And changed his prison garments: and hee did continually eate bread before him all the dayes of his life.

34 And for his diet, there was a continuall diet giuen him of the king of Babylon, euery day a portion vntill the day of his death, all the dayes of his life.

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Commentary for Jeremiah 52

The fate of Zedekiah. (1-11) The destruction of Jerusalem. (12-23) The captivities. (24-30) The advancement of Jehoiachin. (31-34)1-11 This fruit of sin we should pray against above any thing; Cast me not away from thy presence, #Ps 51:11|. None are cast out of God's presence but those who by sin have first thrown themselves out. Zedekiah's flight was in vain, for there is no escaping the judgments of God; they come upon the sinner, and overtake him, let him flee where he will.

12-23 The Chaldean army made woful havoc. But nothing is so particularly related here, as the carrying away of the articles in the temple. The remembrance of their beauty and value shows us the more the evil of sin.

24-30 The leaders of the Jews caused them to err; but now they are, in particular, made monuments of Divine justice. Here is an account of two earlier captivities. This people often were wonders both of judgment and mercy.

31-34 See this history of king Jehoiachin in #2Ki 25:27-30|. Those under oppression will find it is not in vain for them to hope and quietly to wait for the salvation of the Lord. Our times are in God's hand, for the hearts of all we have to deal with are so. May we be enabled, more and more, to rest on the Rock of Ages, and to look forward with holy faith to that hour, when the Lord will bring again Zion, and overthrow all the enemies of the church.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Jeremiah 52

  • Geoff
    "You gave abundant showers, O God you refreshed your weary inheritance." Psalm 68:9 Pray He brings rain on parched lands and times are hard and He will refresh, All, his servants who are discouraged, close to giving up. Alot of these accounts are of unbelief, hard times, and mercy. Pray for lands that are wearied and for people who are faint. Not to judge, in the 11th hour a penny can be made.
  • Carolyn
    It is always interesting to read and view the commentary. No one should point fingers or place blame concerning GOD's word. Beside the words of our Lord Jesus Christ say he who is without sin cast the first stone. I have learned that leaning on our own understanding is disastrous. Humbling myself with prayer and conviction while asking God for understanding of his word. Has always served me well.
  • Bruce
    Sharon:YOU are not a Child of God? You are Taking Away From His Word. Adding YOUR OWN INTERPRETATION. That Says You're a Child of The Devil. Search Your Heart.The Road is Wide that Leads to Hell. All Who are Born Again are His Children. Coming Soon to Take Us Home. Children of God (1John 3:9-10) We are The Children of God (Romans 8:14-17) 1 Little Deviation, Will Send Others to the Lake of FIRE
  • Sharon
    Bob K, I will add spiritual knowledge to your comment. Although God allow others to tear down the temple and destroy the city, God people had spiritually tore down the temple and destroyed the city by their own heart when they disobeyed and dishonored God, ways and words spiritually. The only thing the enemy did was destroy the natural temple and city because God people became accursed to the Lord
  • Barbara nyama-faya
    for verse 31 shows that Jesus was not born on the 25th of december.This day is not about Christ and there is no where in the bible where Jesus birth was celebrated the way it is done today Even after his death there is nothing at all. The remaining apostles never mentioned or celebrated his date of birth
  • Obbie Beal
    Sin, sin, sin, brought the 'wrath of GOD' on Babylon above; 1000s of years later the same sin, sin, sin, (of this Babylon above) appears again in Babylon of Revelation, and Jehovah /GOD release his wrath on the nation / Babylon in Revelation also. ( the DNA of the Babylon above pasted down through 1000s of years and produce the same sin in the Babylon of today. Both nations receive GOD'S wrath.

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