Exodus 21:1

“Now these are the Iudgements which thou shalt set before them.”

1611 King James Version (KJV)




Viewing the original 1611 KJV with archaic English spelling.
Click to switch to the Standard KJV.

Other Translations

Now these [are] the judgments which thou shalt set before them.
- King James Version

"Now these are the ordinances which you are to set before them:
- New American Standard Version (1995)

Now these are the ordinances which thou shalt set before them.
- American Standard Version (1901)

Now these are the laws which you are to put before them.
- Basic English Bible

And these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.
- Darby Bible

Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.
- Webster's Bible

Now these are the ordinances which you shall set before them.
- World English Bible

`And these [are] the judgments which thou dost set before them:
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now these are the ordinances which thou shalt set before them.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Exodus 21:1


21:1 The first verse is the general title of the laws contained in this and the two following chapters. Their government being purely a theocracy; that which in other states is to be settled by human prudence, was directed among them by a divine appointment. These laws are called judgments; because their magistrates were to give judgment according to them. In the doubtful cases that had hitherto occurred, Moses had particularly enquired of God, but now God gave him statutes in general, by which to determine particular cases. He begins with the laws concerning servants, commanding mercy and moderation towards them. The Israelites had lately been servants themselves, and now they were become not only their own matters, but masters of servants too; lest they should abuse their servants as they themselves had been abused, provision was made for the mild and gentle usage of servants.


Discussion for Exodus 21

  • Sarah, Child of God
    Matthew 5:38 repeats verse 24. I just looked up the word "tooth" and found this.
  • JP
    The word slavery is not in the Bible.
  • J
    @Sed B where in the bible does it give this explanation or definition of "Servant"
  • Sed. B.
    The Judgments are explained in Deuteronomy. Sold servants were poor people who had borrowed money and could not repay it. They'd work 6 years to repay the debt, owners could sell them to another owner. Finally, the poor would be set free even if debt was not repaid fully and with lavishly gifts from the former "employer". This was done to avoid usury and eliminate poverty from Israel altogether.
  • James L. Ryals
    I have to admit I am extremely disappointed in this passage in The Bible, it sounds as if slavery is confirmed to be God's will. I'm fully aware that this is not only speaking to people of color , find it disturbing to read
  • Maria Pelaez

    The ten commandments, is the representation of God's character, No one, is free from obeying it, it is one requirement in obtaining salvation. The other is, the testimony of Jesus Christ who said, he is the son of God. The covenant between man and God our father are his ten commandments. Further, in the new testament, 1Cor. Chap. 6 verses 9-11 testifies of this. Jesus came to fulfill the law.

What Do You Think of Exodus 21?

Share your own thoughts or commentary here...

Notify me if someone responds on this discussion/thread

Bible Options

Sponsored Links