“¶ Then there arose certaine of the Synagogue, which is called the Synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia, and of Asia, disputing with Steuen.”
1611 King James Version (KJV)
6:9 There arose certain of the synagogue which is called - It was one and the same synagogue which consisted of these several nations. Saul of Cilicia was doubtless a member of it; whence it is not at all improbable, that Gamaliel presided over it. Libertines - So they were styled, whose fathers were once slaves, and afterward made free. This was the ease of many Jews who had been taken captive by the Romans.
Ac 6:9 There arose certain of the synagogue. This was the ordinary place of worship where Jews met on the Sabbath. The Rabbis say (Talmud) that there were 480 synagogues in Jerusalem. Of the Libertines. "The Freedmen". Thousands of Jews had been carried away captives and sold into slavery by Pompey in 63 B.C. These, or their children, were mostly freed at a later period. Those of them who returned to Jerusalem had a synagogue of their own. And Cyrenians. A synagogue of. See PNT "Ac 2:10". The Cyrenian Jews who returned to the city of their fathers, like those of other countries, had their own synagogues. Alexandrians. Jews from the great city of Alexandria in Egypt, where they were said to be almost one-third of the population. Of Cilicia. Of this synagogue the brilliant disciple of Gamaliel, born at Tarsus of Cilicia, was no doubt a member, and one of the most active opposers of Stephen. See Ac 7:58. Of Asia. The Roman province in Asia Minor of which Ephesus was capital. Disputing with Stephen. These synagogues were all composed of "Grecians", foreign Jews. See PNT "Ac 6:1". Stephen's name is also Grecian, and he probably preached especially to his own class.