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1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.

3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.

4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,

5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.

6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.

7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.

8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.

9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.

10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.

11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.

12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.

13 And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.

14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.

16 And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.

17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.

18 And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.

19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us;

20 That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.

21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.

22 And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.

Commentary for 1 Samuel 8

The evil government of Samuel's sons. (1-3) The Israelites ask for a king. (4-9) The manner of a king. (10-22)1-3 It does not appear that Samuel's sons were so profane and vicious as Eli's sons; but they were corrupt judges, they turned aside after lucre. Samuel took no bribes, but his sons did, and then they perverted judgment. What added to the grievance of the people was, that they were threatened by an invasion from Nahash, king of the Ammonites.

4-9 Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. It drove him to his knees. When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as well as our duty, to show our trouble before God. Samuel is to tell them that they shall have a king. Not that God was pleased with their request, but as sometimes he opposes us from loving-kindness, so at other times he gratifies us in wrath; he did so here. God knows how to bring glory to himself, and serves his own wise purposes, even by men's foolish counsels.

10-22 If they would have a king to rule them, as the eastern kings ruled their subjects, they would find the yoke exceedingly heavy. Those that submit to the government of the world and the flesh, are told plainly, what hard masters they are, and what tyranny the dominion of sin is. The law of God and the manner of men widely differ from each other; the former should be our rule in the several relations of life; the latter should be the measure of our expectations from others. These would be their grievances, and, when they complained to God, he would not hear them. When we bring ourselves into distress by our own wrong desires and projects, we justly forfeit the comfort of prayer, and the benefit of Divine aid. The people were obstinate and urgent in their demand. Sudden resolves and hasty desires make work for long and leisurely repentance. Our wisdom is, to be thankful for the advantages, and patient under the disadvantages of the government we may live under; and to pray continually for our rulers, that they may govern us in the fear of God, and that we may live under them in all godliness and honesty. And it is a hopeful symptom when our desires of worldly objects can brook delay; and when we can refer the time and manner of their being granted to God's providence.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 1 Samuel 8

  • Riki on 1 Samuel 8
    There is a great lesson to learn in this passage. The people are not trust God. The Israelite rejected God they are bored of His stuffs they needed different stuffs. Hence, comes a great problem, they are been warned but so adamant to listen to the call. As the Word of God says "those who trust in God are like mountain Zion ..." We should learn to trust and believe in God alone.
  • BSP on 1 Samuel 8
    Verse 3: Even though Samuel set a good example as a parent, his sons did not follow his example. Each individual has the free will to decide which course he or she will take.
  • April on 1 Samuel 8
    The eal trouble began oit of Egypht,verse8 this ch,father explains that it wasn't just now,they have been coming and foing as they please,crying out when in trouble,and he Hearkend,but here we are now and still they are not satisfied,they so easily said no big deal when told what would happen to them all,and once in this grave peril,they WILL care,wowsers how often are WE like this :-O,be with us.
  • Peter A. Okebukola on 1 Samuel 8
    Not allowing God to be their king is the beginning of trouble for the Israelites.
  • Thabiso on 1 Samuel 8
    The most important thing for me is to always acknowledge the presence of God, and what Jesus Christ has done for eternal life.
  • Ms.Butler on 1 Samuel 8
    The bible say warning comes before destruction and they was warned trying to be like other nations going against what God has already established u pay a price
  • Ira on 1 Samuel 8
    Israel was discontent with GOD, so they sought pleasure elsewhere, we are still doing that today we tend to lean more on our own will, instead of GOD 's DEVINE WILL.
  • Tesh on 1 Samuel 8
    When israilites ask of king from God,they were simple saying to God we r tired of ur ways,we r tired to not resemble de world which we live in.they saw God instructions not gud for them Anymore,the God who took them out of egypt .2ven todae we want to resemble ths world,our characters r of ths world not of our serviour, The church hs became a place whr we meet n tok about pple ,about hw our week was wen this n that happened rather than seeking de one who continueously show us his love each n everydae.God says those who seek me wth poor heart they will find me,let us seek Him while we are able not till is tooo late.amen
  • Doris Downs on 1 Samuel 8
    Yes the people asked for a king and that what they got but until they know who they are and who they are serving it will remain that way they will always serve G d Govt documents as they re king
  • AL on 1 Samuel 8
    I read the comments above and the words of Samuel
    History keeps repeating itself
    Like a play and we the actors that read the lines were told
    To continue down this path of misery and at a older age recognize all your efforts were fruitless
    Yes as God spoke thru the prophet Samuel is teaching us again and again I see this time now as a selfish greedy lying thieving government as back then taking not one tenth of everything but half of everything
    But worse then that is the. Crimson tide the abortion holocaust
    How much longer can God allow this murderous atrocity to continue!!!
    There is so much hate and. Death in this world right now
    And so much lying and cover ups I think those times were better than now even with all this technology we have definitely lost our way!


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What was the name of Samuel's firstborn son?
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