1 Samuel
Chapter 27

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1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.

2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

3 And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.

4 And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him.

5 And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee?

6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.

7 And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a full year and four months.

8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.

9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.

10 And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.

11 And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines.

12 And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for ever.

Commentary for 1 Samuel 27

David retires to Gath. (1-7) David deceives Achish. (8-12)1-7 Unbelief is a sin that easily besets even good men, when without are fightings, and within are fears; and it is a hard matter to get over them. Lord, increase our faith! We may blush to think that the word of a Philistine should go further than the word of an Israelite, and that the city of Gath should be a place of refuge for a good man, when the cities of Israel refuse him a safe abode. David gained a comfortable settlement, not only at a distance from Gath, but bordering upon Israel, where he might keep up a correspondence with his own countrymen.

8-12 While David was in the land of the Philistines, he attacked some remains of the devoted nations. The people whom he cut off were long before doomed to destruction. It is often wisdom to shun public notice, but we must in no situation be idle. We must always try to do somewhat in the cause of God. This expedition David hid from Achish. But an equivocation which serves the purpose of a lie, is as like to it as a hypocrite is to a profane person, it is only better in appearance, therefore more dangerous. Yet, though believers often manifest imperfections, they can never be prevailed upon to renounce the service of God, and to unite interests with his enemies, or finally to become the servants of sin and Satan. But what a train of evils follow from unbelief! When we forget the Lord's past mercies, and his gracious assurances, we shall be overwhelmed with desponding fears, and probably be led to adopt some dishonourable method to get rid of our troubles. Nothing can so effectually establish us in holy tempers and practices, and preserve us from perplexities, as firm, unshaken dependence upon the promises of God in Christ Jesus.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 1 Samuel 27

  • Debbie
    I guess my biggest sorrow in Samuel are the killings of people. Kill them, take their animals, land, whatever is wanted. Bothers me that there was no compassion for people and their families. Just kill them. What made this okay?
  • Stanjett
    I don't like killings either, unless they are trying to kill you. If God said to, yes but I don't see in this chapter where God told them to kill all these people.
  • Shane
    be carefull with Questions that may call ur beliefs into question,who am i to say what God can do or not do.Or being the vessle from the potters clay Say"WHY"did you do this and make me this way?history has your answers,earlier man was savage,brutal,and Lost without hope no reasoning,they were butchers.and so it was an eye for an eye.Isreal were to possess the land clearing the way as they went...
  • April
    So many of us comprimise ourselves for the ways of others or for the fear of how others will precieve or think about us,we lose our core values,that voice that says this isn't you,don't do it,we get lost along the way but with God on our side,we BECOME the light in the darkest of places,think of the 8 ball in pool,all black but the white circle in the middle,thats the light you carry:) GOD BLESS U
  • Irene123
    David was a 'backslider' here in going to the Philistines for protection. He (temporarily) lost faith in God. Had he sought God's will in this situation with Saul God would have given him a better way; God is the 'way maker'. But he looked to his own wisdom in this - which displeased God, but God kept him anyway because God knew his heart.
  • Rev. Howard Lewis
    I think deception is a big part of our lives today. Deceiving the government and our employers in the work place. Even in the church, pretending to be something we are not just to get ahead in life or ahead of someone else.
    This deception has cause us to take on the David syndrome of misleading only ourselves into the captives of hell, in which I myself am guilty from my ignorance. Forgive me.....

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Bible Trivia

What town did Achish give to David and his men?
  • Ziklag
  • Jerusalem
  • Dagon
  • Akkon