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Song of Solomon
1 Samuel 13 COMMENTARY (Matthew Henry)
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1 Samuel 13
Matthew Henry's Commentary
1 Samuel 13:1
Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
13:1-7 Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. The chief advantages of the enemies of the church are derived from the misconduct of its professed friends. When Saul at length sounded an alarm, the people, dissatisfied with his management, or terrified by the power of the enemy, did not come to him, or speedily deserted him.
1 Samuel 13:2
Saul chose him three thousand
two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.
1 Samuel 13:3
And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that
in Geba, and the Philistines heard
. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
1 Samuel 13:4
And all Israel heard say
Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and
Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.
1 Samuel 13:5
And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which
on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.
1 Samuel 13:6
When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.
1 Samuel 13:7
the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he
yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
1 Samuel 13:8
And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel
: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
13:8-14 Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see ch.
1 Samuel 13:9
And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.
1 Samuel 13:10
And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.
1 Samuel 13:11
And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and
thou camest not within the days appointed, and
the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;
1 Samuel 13:12
Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.
1 Samuel 13:13
And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
1 Samuel 13:14
But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him
captain over his people, because thou hast not kept
which the LORD commanded thee.
1 Samuel 13:15
And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people
present with him, about six hundred men.
13:15-23 See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. Miserable is a guilty, defenceless nation; much more those who are destitute of the whole armour of God.
1 Samuel 13:16
And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people
present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
1 Samuel 13:17
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way
that leadeth to
Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
1 Samuel 13:18
And another company turned the way
Bethhoron: and another company turned
the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
1 Samuel 13:19
Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make
swords or spears:
1 Samuel 13:20
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.
1 Samuel 13:21
Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
1 Samuel 13:22
So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that
with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.
1 Samuel 13:23
And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.
Courtesy of Open Bible
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