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1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:

2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.

6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:

7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.

8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.

10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.

11 To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.

13 The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.

14 Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.

Commentary for 1 Peter 5

Elders exhorted and encouraged. (1-4) Younger Christians are to submit to their elders, and to yield with humility and patience to God, and to be sober, watchful, and stedfast in faith. (5-9) Prayers for their growth and establishment. (10-14)1-4 The apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honour of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory that shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering Christians, were the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to the will of God. They are also dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot, chosen for his own people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do him special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock and heritage of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.

5-9 Humility preserves peace and order in all Christian churches and societies; pride disturbs them. Where God gives grace to be humble, he will give wisdom, faith, and holiness. To be humble, and subject to our reconciled God, will bring greater comfort to the soul than the gratification of pride and ambition. But it is to be in due time; not in thy fancied time, but God's own wisely appointed time. Does he wait, and wilt not thou? What difficulties will not the firm belief of his wisdom, power, and goodness get over! Then be humble under his hand. Cast "all you care;" personal cares, family cares, cares for the present, and cares for the future, for yourselves, for others, for the church, on God. These are burdensome, and often very sinful, when they arise from unbelief and distrust, when they torture and distract the mind, unfit us for duties, and hinder our delight in the service of God. The remedy is, to cast our care upon God, and leave every event to his wise and gracious disposal. Firm belief that the Divine will and counsels are right, calms the spirit of a man. Truly the godly too often forget this, and fret themselves to no purpose. Refer all to God's disposal. The golden mines of all spiritual comfort and good are wholly his, and the Spirit itself. Then, will he not furnish what is fit for us, if we humbly attend on him, and lay the care of providing for us, upon his wisdom and love? The whole design of Satan is to devour and destroy souls. He always is contriving whom he may insnare to eternal ruin. Our duty plainly is, to be sober; to govern both the outward and the inward man by the rules of temperance. To be vigilant; suspicious of constant danger from this spiritual enemy, watchful and diligent to prevent his designs. Be stedfast, or solid, by faith. A man cannot fight upon a quagmire, there is no standing without firm ground to tread upon; this faith alone furnishes. It lifts the soul to the firm advanced ground of the promises, and fixes it there. The consideration of what others suffer, is proper to encourage us to bear our share in any affliction; and in whatever form Satan assaults us, or by whatever means, we may know that our brethren experience the same.

10-14 In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. Perfect implies their progress towards perfection. Stablish imports the curing of our natural lightness and inconstancy. Strengthen has respect to the growth of graces, especially where weakest and lowest. Settle signifies to fix upon a sure foundation, and may refer to Him who is the Foundation and Strength of believers. These expressions show that perseverance and progress in grace are first to be sought after by every Christian. The power of these doctrines on the hearts, and the fruits in the lives, showed who are partakers of the grace of God. The cherishing and increase of Christian love, and of affection one to another, is no matter of empty compliment, but the stamp and badge of Jesus Christ on his followers. Others may have a false peace for a time, and wicked men may wish for it to themselves and to one another; but theirs is a vain hope, and will come to nought. All solid peace is founded on Christ, and flows from him.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 1 Peter 5

  • Theresa Beville on 1 Peter 5:10
    But God is full of Grace and in His Graciousness will strengthen us through suffering by enduring the trials which lie ahead and He alone will in that strengthening, perfect us into maturity, courage and peace with confidence thus transforming us into His likeness to which we are all called.

    (good to know in the tumultuous times which are now upon us_ courage my friends)
  • Herman L Ploucher on 1 Peter 5:13
    What is the best evidence that Peter was ever in Rome
  • Chris - in Reply on 1 Peter 5:13
    Herman, there is no specific reference, whether biblical or secular, that Peter visited Rome. The only mention of Babylon in 1 Pet 5:13, which is sometimes interpreted as alluding to Rome, is somewhat weak.

    However, the question you ask, is often asked by those who attempt to disprove the papal line from Peter (i.e. since Peter wasn't in Rome, how could the papacy be established & proceed from there?). If that is your thought as well, I quickly refer to Mt 16:18, which RCs will used to support Jesus direct instruction to Peter that he would be the foundation that His Church would be built upon.

    However, as you may know, that Jesus was using the meaning of Peter's name (Cephas/Petros = a rock), that he would in time be a solid, unshakeable witness for Jesus. Yet, Jesus said, that upon This Rock, he would build His Church. Was it on Peter? No. Jesus was speaking about Peter's great testimony, "And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God." Mt 16:16. Upon this Truth that Christ is indeed the Son of God (along with the Truths that follow such a declaration) & His Church will be distinct from any other so-called church, just based on this fact. There are 'churches' that deny the Deity of Christ & so their further teachings develop into false theology/christology, but the true Church will be based on this Rock of Truth & not on the papal line.
  • Jesse - in Reply on 1 Peter 5:13
    Herman,

    Historical accounts show that Peter died in Rome sometime around 66-67 A.D. Peter wrote his first letter around 63 A.D. right before his arrest in Rome. Peter wrote from Rome, but he used the cryptic name Babylon in his letter - I Peter 5:13. Peter wrote his second letter right before 67 A.D. as he wrote it right before his death. Nero, the Roman Emperor, died around 68 A.D. Nero had Peter put to death, so obviously Peter had to die before 68 A.D.

    Tradition tells us that Nero took Peter as the leader of the believers, spread wax on him, and was going to put him up on a pole because that was Nero's little hobby. He would round up the Christian leaders, wax them down, put them on a pole, and then light them on fire to light his garden at night.

    And so Nero came to Peter and said since you're the leader, I'll tell you what I'm going to do. Since your Savior was crucified, I'm going to crucify you instead. And it's recorded that Peter said I am not worthy to die like my Savior. If you're going to crucify me, crucify me upside down. So tradition says that Peter was crucified upside down in Nero's garden. That's about all the evidence I think we have. Peter was probably arrested while traveling through Rome on a missionary journey. There are groups today that claim that Peter was the first bishop of Rome. That claim is false.
  • Mishael - in Reply on 1 Peter 5:13
    Some Bibles have a commentary at the beginning of each Book. 1 Peter 5:14 shows him to be in Roman provinces. 1 Peter 5:12-14,

    2 Peter 3:18 is the end of recorded exhortations by Peter. Most famous being: his preaching on the day of the Lord.

    Peter was crucified upside down on a cross. Sounds like something Romans of that time, would do.

    Chris as more access to more historical accounts; dates.
  • I, even I, am that Michael Isaac Dale: on 1 Peter 5
    And again, it is now written, Ye shall keep the Sabbath therefore: for it IS holy unto you: every one that defiles it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever does ANY work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Six days may work be done: but in the seventh IS the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth ANY work in the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
  • CHERRY BLOSSOM on 1 Peter 5
    Yes, I think in this generation we're living in, submitting, or showing respect to elders, or people that are older is no longer part of the make-up of children, young adults and even adults. It is a sad sight-where the morality of people has decayed. The older that do not lead by example, who are corrupt themselves, should not get any respect, and the younger should not follow submit to them.
  • Teri on 1 Peter 5
    i like that Peter tells how to: if we cast out cares, we admit that we are weak and need god's help, we find it. We are kept safe under his wings of protection. we are reminded who our enemy is and we can resist him. i exhort us believers to continue in the grace of God and to help each other.
  • Darryll on 1 Peter 5
    Humble ourselves before the mighty hand of God, Oh how we should be brought so low, knowing the Eternal Son of God humbled Himself in obedience to the Fathers will in taking our nature, willingly He made Himself of no reputation and was obedient even to the death of the cross. For the Joy that was set before Him He endured. Now in Glory, our Mediator, interceding for us feeble souls that we May we cast our cares on Him, the One whom loved us from Eternity past and knows every hair upon our head, our thought, intention and heart. Fear not, I will never leave thee nor forsake thee. Every Blessing.
  • David Guardado on 1 Peter 5
    that we're all under the grace of God, and we have a thing to worry about, for we bring all our problems to Him. AMEN


 

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