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1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:

9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.

10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:

11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:

15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;

16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:

18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;

19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:

23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:

25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

Commentary for 1 Peter 1

The same great doctrines, as in St. Paul's epistles, are here applied to same practical purposes. And this epistle is remarkable for the sweetness, gentleness, and humble love, with which it is written. It gives a short, and yet a very clear summary, both of the consolations and the instructions needful for the encouragement and direction of a Christian in his journey to heaven, raising his thoughts and desires to that happiness, and strengthening him against all opposition in the way, both from corruption within, and temptations and afflictions without.The apostle blesses God for his special benefits through Christ. (1-9) Salvation by Christ foretold in ancient prophecy. (10-12) All are exhorted to holy conversation. (13-16) Such as is suitable to their principles, privileges, and obligations. (17-25)1-9 This epistle is addressed to believers in general, who are strangers in every city or country where they live, and are scattered through the nations. These are to ascribe their salvation to the electing love of the Father, the redemption of the Son, and the sanctification of the Holy Ghost; and so to give glory to one God in three Persons, into whose name they had been baptized. Hope, in the world's phrase, refers only to an uncertain good, for all worldly hopes are tottering, built upon sand, and the worldling's hopes of heaven are blind and groundless conjectures. But the hope of the sons of the living God is a living hope; not only as to its object, but as to its effect also. It enlivens and comforts in all distresses, enables to meet and get over all difficulties. Mercy is the spring of all this; yea, great mercy and manifold mercy. And this well-grounded hope of salvation, is an active and living principle of obedience in the soul of the believer. The matter of a Christian's joy, is the remembrance of the happiness laid up for him. It is incorruptible, it cannot come to nothing, it is an estate that cannot be spent. Also undefiled; this signifies its purity and perfection. And it fadeth not; is not sometimes more or less pleasant, but ever the same, still like itself. All possessions here are stained with defects and failings; still something is wanting: fair houses have sad cares flying about the gilded and ceiled roofs; soft beds and full tables, are often with sick bodies and uneasy stomachs. All possessions are stained with sin, either in getting or in using them. How ready we are to turn the things we possess into occasions and instruments of sin, and to think there is no liberty or delight in their use, without abusing them! Worldly possessions are uncertain and soon pass away, like the flowers and plants of the field. That must be of the greatest worth, which is laid up in the highest and best place, in heaven. Happy are those whose hearts the Holy Spirit sets on this inheritance. God not only gives his people grace, but preserves them unto glory. Every believer has always something wherein he may greatly rejoice; it should show itself in the countenance and conduct. The Lord does not willingly afflict, yet his wise love often appoints sharp trials, to show his people their hearts, and to do them good at the latter end. Gold does not increase by trial in the fire, it becomes less; but faith is made firm, and multiplied, by troubles and afflictions. Gold must perish at last, and can only purchase perishing things, while the trial of faith will be found to praise, and honour, and glory. Let this reconcile us to present afflictions. Seek then to believe Christ's excellence in himself, and his love to us; this will kindle such a fire in the heart as will make it rise up in a sacrifice of love to him. And the glory of God and our own happiness are so united, that if we sincerely seek the one now, we shall attain the other when the soul shall no more be subject to evil. The certainty of this hope is as if believers had already received it.

10-12 Jesus Christ was the main subject of the prophets' studies. Their inquiry into the sufferings of Christ and the glories that should follow, would lead to a view of the whole gospel, the sum whereof is, That Christ Jesus was delivered for our offences, and raised again for our justification. God is pleased to answer our necessities rather than our requests. The doctrine of the prophets, and that of the apostles, exactly agree, as coming from the same Spirit of God. The gospel is the ministration of the Spirit; its success depends upon his operation and blessing. Let us then search diligently those Scriptures which contain the doctrines of salvation.

13-16 As the traveller, the racer, the warrior, and the labourer, gathered in their long and loose garments, that they might be ready in their business, so let Christians do by their minds and affections. Be sober, be watchful against all spiritual dangers and enemies, and be temperate in all behaviour. Be sober-minded in opinion, as well as in practice, and humble in your judgment of yourselves. A strong and perfect trust in the grace of God, is agreeable with best endeavours in our duty. Holiness is the desire and duty of every Christian. It must be in all affairs, in every condition, and towards all people. We must especially watch and pray against the sins to which we are inclined. The written word of God is the surest rule of a Christian's life, and by this rule we are commanded to be holy every way. God makes those holy whom he saves.

17-25 Holy confidence in God as a Father, and awful fear of him as a Judge, agree together; and to regard God always as a Judge, makes him dear to us as a Father. If believers do evil, God will visit them with corrections. Then, let Christians not doubt God's faithfulness to his promises, nor give way to enslaving dread of his wrath, but let them reverence his holiness. The fearless professor is defenceless, and Satan takes him captive at his will; the desponding professor has no heart to avail himself of his advantages, and is easily brought to surrender. The price paid for man's redemption was the precious blood of Christ. Not only openly wicked, but unprofitable conversation is highly dangerous, though it may plead custom. It is folly to resolve, I will live and die in such a way, because my forefathers did so. God had purposes of special favour toward his people, long before he made manifest such grace unto them. But the clearness of light, the supports of faith, the power of ordinances, are all much greater since Christ came upon earth, than they were before. The comfort is, that being by faith made one with Christ, his present glory is an assurance that where he is we shall be also, #Joh 14:3|. The soul must be purified, before it can give up its own desires and indulgences. And the word of God planted in the heart by the Holy Ghost, is a means of spiritual life, stirring up to our duty, working a total change in the dispositions and affections of the soul, till it brings to eternal life. In contrast with the excellence of the renewed spiritual man, as born again, observe the vanity of the natural man. In his life, and in his fall, he is like grass, the flower of grass, which soon withers and dies away. We should hear, and thus receive and love, the holy, living word, and rather hazard all than lose it; and we must banish all other things from the place due to it. We should lodge it in our hearts as our only treasures here, and the certain pledge of the treasure of glory laid up for believers in heaven.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for 1 Peter 1

  • Jack Gutknecht on 1 Peter 1
    It is a living hope because it is grounded on the living Word of God 1 Peter 1:23 and was made possible by the living Son of God who arose from the dead. A living hope is one that has life in it and therefore can give life to us. Because it has life, it grows and becomes greater and more beautiful as time goes on. Time destroys most hopes they fade and then die. But the passing of time only makes a Christian s hope that much more glorious.
  • Patty washington on 1 Peter 1
    I thank God for the KJ version of the bible . I will stay with it. Some of these churches don't even preach the apostles doctrine anymore. And that is what God wants preachers to do. But they are preaching what people want to hear. You must be born again of the water and spirit. God says that in John:3 and the words are written in red. So thats it. God said it
  • Josephine on 1 Peter 1
    Comment* i find it hard to understand kjv. i believe the lord will intervain and give me spiritual interpretation
  • Fred Scanlan on 1 Peter 1
    I have written letters that have been inspired by the holy Spirit. I have a high school edu. Amazing, while reading the old testament I have seen words that I have used without knowing it! Remember Jesus chose 12 men with pure hearts. That is all you need is a pure heart that loves Jesus. He will make the rest happen! Paul not unlike yourself was a pharisee of all pharisees. A levite of the tribe of Benjamin! He will use you to!
  • Chris on 1 Peter 1
    I think one needs to grow up reading the KJV to more easily appreciate its content, as in my case. In fact, when we memorize Scriptures from the KJV, it's difficult to resort to any other translation. Maybe, if you read the KJV and used an Interlinear Bible alongside or Commentary, your study will be better and more richer.
  • Fred Scanlan - in Reply on 1 Peter 1
    If you think the kjv is difficult reading the interlinear isn't any easier written by George Ricker Berry. The revelation of scripture is conquered through prayer. I have read the KJV since the beginning. In the late 1950 the revised standard version made its first appearance since than we have many,many more. I read the bible literally, for what it says. The holy spirit must not be dictated too. I 'm sorry that you have a hard time with it! But remember why should it be easy It is after all the word of God! Their are many preachers who are making a living today using other texts. If you can get enough church's agreeing on 1 interpretation ,why not have 1 church Remember the hid leaven
  • Chris - in Reply on 1 Peter 1
    Fred, the points you share are very valid & indeed, with prayer and being in tune to what the Spirit is saying or guiding us in, is paramount. Yet, though the other difficulties presented by using the Interlinear are real, the student does have the opportunity to read the direct translations from the original language (providing faithful manuscripts are being used). It has helped me a lot & caused me to be less dogmatic & judgemental when a Scripture is simply not clear & when the Spirit hasn't given further Light. E.g. 1 Cor 15:29, in reference to 'baptism for the dead'. Unless the Spirit enlightens us or Paul arrives to give us his thoughts, we will always have dispute over this verse.
  • Graham Martin on 1 Peter 1
    I struggle to read the KJV version. I have a 1st class honours degree (proves this means nothing in today's society) and I find the wording difficult. I often lost the story because of the focus needed on the wording. I tried an easy version of KJV but I'm afraid there would be missing pieces. I want to read the KJV version and maybe with God's grace I will understand it if I perservere.
  • Steve on 1 Peter 1
    Do not sin because the grace of GOD is abundant. Fear GOD and keep His commandments; for this is the whole duty of man. Trust in the Lord with all of thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all of thy ways acknoelege Him and He shall diect thy path
  • Fred andJoann Scanlan on 1 Peter 1
    The flesh will begin a separation from the spirit, the word is sanctification ,a renewing of the spirit. Sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. This is a mystery, only through obedience can we find favor . Peter praises God the Father, for this lively hope,given to us through faith in the Resurrection.The resurrection is the theme throughout both now and forever. This redemption (getting back) He compares to being more valuable than anything in this world that is of any physical value! This revelation is what it means to be BORN AGAIN! The resurrection is the distance between your hand and face, between heaven and earth.This is the kingdom of Heaven! Christ came back and died for us!


 

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How are we kept through faith unto salvation?
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