The first booke of the Maccabees. Chapter 2
(Original 1611 KJV Book of 1 Maccabees)
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6 Mattathias lamenteth the case of Ierusalem. 24 He slayeth a Iewe that did sacrifice to Idoles in his presence, and the Kings messenger also. 34 He and his are assailed vpon the Sabbath, and make no resistance. 50 Hee dieth, and instructeth his sons: 66 and maketh their brother Iudas Maccabeus generall.
1In those daies arose Mattathias the son of Iohn, the sonne of Simeon, a Priest of the sonnes of Ioarib, from Ierusalem, and dwelt in Modin.1
2And he had fiue sonnes, Ioannan called Caddis:2
3Simon, called Thassi:
4Iudas, who was called Maccabeus:
5Eleazar, called Auaran, and Ionathan, whose surname was Apphus.5
6And when hee saw the blasphemies that were committed in Iuda and Ierusalem,
7He said, Woe is me, wherfore was I borne to see this misery of my people, and of the holy citie, and to dwell there, when it was deliuered into the hand of the enemie, and the Sanctuary into the hand of strangers?
8Her Temple is become as a man without glory.
9Her glorious vessels are caried away into captiuitie, her infants are slaine in the streets, her yong men with the sword of the enemie.
10What nation hath not had a part in her kingdome, and gotten of her spoiles?
11All her ornaments are taken away, of a free-woman shee is become a bondslaue.
12And behold, our Sanctuarie, euen our beautie, aud our glory is laid waste, & the Gentiles haue profaned it.12
13To what ende therefore shall we liue any longer?
14Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourned very sore.
15In the meane while the kings officers, such as compelled the people to reuolt, came into the city Modin to make them sacrifice.
16And when many of Israel came vnto them, Mattathias also and his sonnes came together.
17Then answered the kings officers, and said to Mattathias on this wise; Thou art a ruler, and an honourable and great man in this citie, and strengthened with sons and brethren:
18Now therefore come thou first and fulfill the kings commandement, like as all the heathen haue done; yea and the men of Iuda also, and such as remaine at Ierusalem: so shalt thou and thine house be in the number of the kings friends, and thou and thy children shall be honoured with siluer, and golde, and many rewards.
19Then Mattathias answered, and spake with a loude voice, Though all the nations that are vnder the kings dominion obey him, and fall away euery one from the religion of their fathers, and giue consent to his commandements:
20Yet will I, and my sonnes, and my brethren walke in the couenant of our fathers.
21God forbid that we should forsake the Law, and the ordinances:
22We will not hearken to the kings words, to goe from our religion, either on the right hand, or the left.
23Now when he had left speaking these words, there came one of the Iewes in the sight of all, to sacrifice on the altar, which was at Modin, according to the kings commandement.
24Which thing when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed with zeale, and his reines trembled, neither could hee forbeare to shew his anger according to iudgement: wherefore he ranne, and slew him vpon the altar.
25Also the kings commissioner who compelled men to sacrifice, he killed at that time, & the altar he pulled downe.
26Thus dealt he zealously for the Law of God, like as Phineas did vnto Zambri the sonne of Salom.26
27And Mattathias cried throughout the citie with a loud voyce, saying, Whosoeuer is zealous of the law, and maintaineth the couenant, let him follow me.
28So he and his sonnes fled into the mountaines, and left all that euer they had in the citie.
29Then many that sought after iustice and iudgement, went downe into the wildernesse to dwell there.29
30Both they and their children, and their wiues, and their cattell, because afflictions increased sore vpon them.30
31Now when it was told the kings seruants, and the hoste that was at Ierusalem, in the citie of Dauid, that certaine men, who had broken the kings commandement, were gone downe into the secret places in the wildernesse.
32They pursued after them, a great number, and hauing ouertaken them, they camped against them, and made war against them on the Sabbath day.
33And they said vnto them, Let that which you haue done hitherto, suffice: Come foorth, and doe according to the commandement of the king, and you shall liue.
34But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the kings commandement to profane the Sabbath day.
35So then they gaue them the battell with all speed.35
36Howbeit, they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid,
37But said, Let vs die all in our innocencie: heauen and earth shall testifie for vs, that you put vs to death wrongfully.37
38So they rose vp against them in battell on the Sabbath, and they slew them with their wiues & children, and their cattell, to the number of a thousand people.38
39Now when Mattathias and his friends vnderstood hereof, they mourned for them right sore.
40And one of them said to another: If we all do as our brethren haue done, and fight not for our liues, and lawes against the heathen, they wil now quickly root vs out of the earth.
41At that time therfore they decreed, saying, Whosoeuer shall come to make battell with vs on the Sabbath day, we will fight against him, neither will wee die all, as our brethren that were murdered in the secret places.
42Then came there vnto him a company of Assideans, who were mightie men of Israel, euen all such as were voluntarily deuoted vnto the Lawe.
43Also all they that fled for persecution ioyned themselues vnto them, and were a stay vnto them.
44So they ioyned their forces, and smote sinfull men in their anger, and wicked men in their wrath: but the rest fled to the heathen for succour.
45Then Mattathias & his friends went round about, and pulled downe the altars.
46And what children soeuer they found within the coast of Israel vncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.46
47They pursued also after þe proud men, & the work prospered in their hand.
48So they recouered the Law out of the hand of the Gentiles, and out of the hande of Kings, neither suffered they the sinner to triumph.48
49Now when the time drew neere, that Mattathias should die, he said vnto his sonnes, Now hath pride & rebuke gotten strength, and the time of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
50Now therefore, my sonnes, be ye zealous for the Law, & giue your liues for the couenant of your fathers.
51Call to remembrance what actes our fathers did in their time, so shall ye receiue great honour, & an euerlasting name.51
52Was not Abraham found faithfull in tentation, and it was imputed vnto him for righteousnesse?52
53Ioseph in the time of his distresse kept the commaundement, and was made Lord of Egypt.53
54Phineas our father in being zealous and feruent, obtained the couenant of an euerlasting priesthood.54
55Iesus for fulfilling the word, was made a iudge in Israel.55
56Caleb for bearing witnesse, before the congregation, receiued the heritage of the land.56
57Dauid for being mercifull, possessed the throne of an euerlasting kingdome.57
58Elias for being zealous and feruent for the law, was taken vp into heauen.58
59Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by beleeuing were saued out of the flame59
60Daniel for his innocencie was deliuered from the mouth of Lyons.60
61And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none that put their trust in him shall be ouercome.
62Feare not then the words of a sinfull man: for his glory shall bee dung and wormes.
63To day he shall be lifted vp, and to morrow hee shall not be found, because he is returned into his dust, and his thought is come to nothing.63
64Wherefore you my sonnes be valiant, and shew your selues men in the behalfe of the law, for by it shall you obtaine glory.
65And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsell, giue eare vnto him alway: he shall be a father vnto you.
66As for Iudas Maccabeus hee hath bin mighty and strong, euen from his youth vp, let him be your captaine, and fight the battaile of the people.66
67Take also vnto you, all those that obserue the law, and auenge ye the wrong of your people.
68Recompence fully the heathen, and take heed to the commandements of the law.
69So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.
70And he died in the hundreth fortie, and sixth yeere, and his sonnes buried him in the Sepulchre of his fathers, at Modin, and all Israel made great lamentation for him.
Original 1611 KJV Sidenote References for 1 Maccabees Chapter 2
1 Or Mattathias the son of Iohn, [illeg.] arose from Ierusalem, or out of Ierusalem
2 Or, who was called: and so afterward in the rest. , Gaddis.
5 Or, Auaron, or Abaron.
12 Or, holy thing.
26 Num.25. 9.
29 Gr. sit, abide.
30 Gr. euils were multiplied vpon them.
35 Gr. the Iewes.
37 Gr. simplicitie.
38 Gr. soules of men.
46 Or, by force
48 Gr. gaue they the horse to the sinner.
51 Gr. generations.
52 Gene.22 9, 10. rom. 43.
53 Gene.41. 40.
54 Num.25.18. ecclus. 45.23.24.
56 Num.14. 6.7. Iosh. 14.13.
57 2.Sam. 2. 4.
58 2 Kin. 2. 11.
59 Dan 3.16. 17. 18, and 16.
63 Psal.146. 4.
66 To fight yee the battaile of the people.
* Some content courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania