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Song of Solomon
1 Kings 7 COMMENTARY (Matthew Henry)
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1 Kings 7
Matthew Henry's Commentary
1 Kings 7:1
But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house.
7:1-12 All Solomon's buildings, though beautiful, were intended for use. Solomon began with the temple; he built for God first, and then his other buildings. The surest foundations of lasting prosperity are laid in early piety. He was thirteen years building his house, yet he built the temple in little more than seven years; not that he was more exact, but less eager in building his own house, than in building God's. We ought to prefer God's honour before our own ease and satisfaction.
1 Kings 7:2
He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof
an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars.
1 Kings 7:3
covered with cedar above upon the beams, that
on forty five pillars, fifteen
1 Kings 7:4
three rows, and light
1 Kings 7:5
And all the doors and posts
square, with the windows: and light
1 Kings 7:6
And he made a porch of pillars; the length thereof
fifty cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits: and the porch
before them: and the
pillars and the thick beam
1 Kings 7:7
Then he made a porch for the throne where he might judge,
the porch of judgment: and
covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other.
1 Kings 7:8
And his house where he dwelt
another court within the porch,
was of the like work. Solomon made also an house for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had taken
, like unto this porch.
1 Kings 7:9
costly stones, according to the measures of hewed stones, sawed with saws, within and without, even from the foundation unto the coping, and
on the outside toward the great court.
1 Kings 7:10
And the foundation
costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits.
1 Kings 7:11
costly stones, after the measures of hewed stones, and cedars.
1 Kings 7:12
And the great court round about
with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the inner court of the house of the LORD, and for the porch of the house.
1 Kings 7:13
And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre.
7:13-47 The two brazen pillars in the porch of the temple, some think, were to teach those that came to worship, to depend upon God only, for strength and establishment in all their religious exercises. Jachin, God will fix this roving mind. It is good that the heart be established with grace. Boaz, In him is our strength, who works in us both to will and to do. Spiritual strength and stability are found at the door of God's temple, where we must wait for the gifts of grace, in use of the means of grace. Spiritual priests and spiritual sacrifices must be washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and of regeneration. We must wash often, for we daily contract pollution. There are full means provided for our cleansing; so that if we have our lot for ever among the unclean it will be our own fault. Let us bless God for the fountain opened by the sacrifice of Christ for sin and for uncleanness.
1 Kings 7:14
a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father
a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.
1 Kings 7:15
For he cast two pillars of brass, of eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits did compass either of them about.
1 Kings 7:16
And he made two chapiters
molten brass, to set upon the tops of the pillars: the height of the one chapiter
five cubits, and the height of the other chapiter
1 Kings 7:17
nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the chapiters which
upon the top of the pillars; seven for the one chapiter, and seven for the other chapiter.
1 Kings 7:18
And he made the pillars, and two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the chapiters that
upon the top, with pomegranates: and so did he for the other chapiter.
1 Kings 7:19
And the chapiters that
upon the top of the pillars
of lily work in the porch, four cubits.
1 Kings 7:20
And the chapiters upon the two pillars
also above, over against the belly which
by the network: and the pomegranates
two hundred in rows round about upon the other chapiter.
1 Kings 7:21
And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz.
1 Kings 7:22
And upon the top of the pillars
lily work: so was the work of the pillars finished.
1 Kings 7:23
And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other:
round all about, and his height
five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about.
1 Kings 7:24
And under the brim of it round about
knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops
cast in two rows, when it was cast.
1 Kings 7:25
It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea
above upon them, and all their hinder parts
1 Kings 7:26
an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths.
1 Kings 7:27
And he made ten bases of brass; four cubits
the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it.
1 Kings 7:28
And the work of the bases
: they had borders, and the borders
between the ledges:
1 Kings 7:29
And on the borders that
between the ledges
lions, oxen, and cherubims: and upon the ledges
a base above: and beneath the lions and oxen
certain additions made of thin work.
1 Kings 7:30
And every base had four brasen wheels, and plates of brass: and the four corners thereof had undersetters: under the laver
undersetters molten, at the side of every addition.
1 Kings 7:31
And the mouth of it within the chapiter and above
a cubit: but the mouth thereof
the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it
gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round.
1 Kings 7:32
And under the borders
four wheels; and the axletrees of the wheels
to the base: and the height of a wheel
a cubit and half a cubit.
1 Kings 7:33
And the work of the wheels
like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes, and their spokes,
1 Kings 7:34
four undersetters to the four corners of one base:
of the very base itself.
1 Kings 7:35
And in the top of the base
a round compass of half a cubit high: and on the top of the base the ledges thereof and the borders thereof
of the same.
1 Kings 7:36
For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved cherubims, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about.
1 Kings 7:37
he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure,
1 Kings 7:38
Then made he ten lavers of brass: one laver contained forty baths:
every laver was four cubits:
upon every one of the ten bases one laver.
1 Kings 7:39
And he put five bases on the right side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward over against the south.
1 Kings 7:40
And Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the basons. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he made king Solomon for the house of the LORD:
1 Kings 7:41
The two pillars, and the
bowls of the chapiters that
on the top of the two pillars; and the two networks, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters which
upon the top of the pillars;
1 Kings 7:42
And four hundred pomegranates for the two networks,
two rows of pomegranates for one network, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters that
upon the pillars;
1 Kings 7:43
And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;
1 Kings 7:44
And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea;
1 Kings 7:45
And the pots, and the shovels, and the basons: and all these vessels, which Hiram made to king Solomon for the house of the LORD,
1 Kings 7:46
In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.
1 Kings 7:47
And Solomon left all the vessels
, because they were exceeding many: neither was the weight of the brass found out.
1 Kings 7:48
And Solomon made all the vessels that
unto the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold, whereupon the shewbread
7:48-51 Christ is now the Temple and the Builder; the Altar and the Sacrifice; the Light of our souls, and the Bread of life; able to supply all the wants of all that have applied or shall apply to him. Outward images cannot represent, words cannot express, the heart cannot conceive, his preciousness or his love. Let us come to him, and wash away our sins in his blood; let us seek for the purifying grace of his Spirit; let us maintain communion with the Father through his intercession, and yield up ourselves and all we have to his service. Being strengthened by him, we shall be accepted, useful, and happy.
1 Kings 7:49
And the candlesticks of pure gold, five on the right
, and five on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs
1 Kings 7:50
And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers
pure gold; and the hinges
for the doors of the inner house, the most holy
for the doors of the house,
, of the temple.
1 Kings 7:51
So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the house of the LORD. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated;
the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of the LORD.
Courtesy of Open Bible
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