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Song of Solomon
1 Chronicles 12 COMMENTARY (Matthew Henry)
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1 Chronicles 12
Matthew Henry's Commentary
1 Chronicles 12:1
they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they
among the mighty men, helpers of the war.
12:1-22 Here is an account of those who appeared and acted as David's friends, while he was persecuted. No difficulties or dangers should keep the sinner from coming to the Savior, nor drive the believer from the path of duty. Those who break through, and overcome in these attempts, will find abundant recompence. From the words of Amasai we may learn how to testify our affection and allegiance to the Lord Jesus; his we must be throughly; on his side we must be forward to appear and act. If we are under the influence of the Spirit, we shall desire to have our lot among them, and to declare ourselves on their side; if in faith and love we embrace the cause of Christ, he will receive, employ, and advance us.
1 Chronicles 12:2
armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in
arrows out of a bow,
of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.
1 Chronicles 12:3
Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite,
1 Chronicles 12:4
And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite,
1 Chronicles 12:5
Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite,
1 Chronicles 12:6
Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites,
1 Chronicles 12:7
And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.
1 Chronicles 12:8
And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might,
men of war
for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces
the faces of lions, and
as swift as the roes upon the mountains;
1 Chronicles 12:9
Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,
1 Chronicles 12:10
Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,
1 Chronicles 12:11
Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh,
1 Chronicles 12:12
Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth,
1 Chronicles 12:13
Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh.
1 Chronicles 12:14
of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least
over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand.
1 Chronicles 12:15
they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all
of the valleys,
toward the east, and toward the west.
1 Chronicles 12:16
And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David.
1 Chronicles 12:17
And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if
ye be come
to betray me to mine enemies, seeing
no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look
, and rebuke
1 Chronicles 12:18
Then the spirit came upon Amasai,
chief of the captains,
and he said
, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace
unto thee, and peace
to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
1 Chronicles 12:19
And there fell
of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to
the jeopardy of
1 Chronicles 12:20
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that
1 Chronicles 12:21
And they helped David against the band
of the rovers
: for they
all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.
1 Chronicles 12:22
time day by day there came to David to help him, until
a great host, like the host of God.
1 Chronicles 12:23
the numbers of the bands
ready armed to the war,
came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.
12:23-40 When the throne of Christ is set up in a soul, there is, or ought to be, great joy in that soul; and provision is made, not as here, for a few days, but for the whole life, and for eternity. Happy are those who wisely perceive it to be their duty and interest, to submit to the Saviour Jesus Christ, the Son of David; who renounce for his sake all that is not consistent; whose earnest endeavours to do good are directed by the wisdom that God giveth, through acquaintance with his word, experience, and observation. If any man lack this wisdom, let him ask it of God, who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not, and it shall be given him.
1 Chronicles 12:24
The children of Judah that bare shield and spear
six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war.
1 Chronicles 12:25
Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred.
1 Chronicles 12:26
Of the children of Levi four thousand and six hundred.
1 Chronicles 12:27
the leader of the Aaronites, and with him
three thousand and seven hundred;
1 Chronicles 12:28
And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father's house twenty and two captains.
1 Chronicles 12:29
And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul.
1 Chronicles 12:30
And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers.
1 Chronicles 12:31
And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king.
1 Chronicles 12:32
And of the children of Issachar,
which were men
that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them
two hundred; and all their brethren
at their commandment.
1 Chronicles 12:33
Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank:
not of double heart.
1 Chronicles 12:34
And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand.
1 Chronicles 12:35
And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred.
1 Chronicles 12:36
And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand.
1 Chronicles 12:37
And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand.
1 Chronicles 12:38
All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel
of one heart to make David king.
1 Chronicles 12:39
And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
1 Chronicles 12:40
Moreover they that were nigh them,
unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen,
meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for
joy in Israel.
Courtesy of Open Bible
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