1 Chronicles 1:29 MEANING

1 Chronicles 1:29
(29) These are their generations.--Or, their genealogy or register of births. Before a personal name the term Toldoth denotes the "births," i.e., the posterity of the man, and the history of him and his descendants. Before the name of a thing Toldoth signifies origin, beginnings (Genesis 2:4). The Hebrew expression s?fer toldoth answers to the ?????? ??????? of Matthew 1:1. The twelve sons or tribes of Ishmael (1 Chronicles 1:29-31) are given first, in an extract from Genesis 25:13-16.

Nebaioth.--The Nabateans of Arabia Petraea, and Kedar, the Cedrei of classical writers, are named together, Isaiah 60:7. (Assyrian Naba'ata and Kidra'a reduced by Assurbanipal.)

Adbeel.--Both here and in Genesis the LXX. read Nabdeel. But Adbeel is the Assyrian Idiba'il or Idibi'il a tribe south-west of the Dead Sea, towards Egypt; mentioned along with Massa and Tema, as paying tribute to Tiglath-pileser II.

Verses 29-31 contain the list of Ishmael's sons, twelve in number. The names in the Authorized Version and in the Hebrew text are identical respectively with those in Genesis 25:1.3-15, except that for Hadar there we read Hadad here. In the Septuagint we have Idouma, Choudan, Iettar here, for Douma, Choddan, and Ietur there. At the close of this list in Genesis we have joined on to "these are the sons of Ishmael," the clauses, "and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations. And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people. And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren."

28-54 The genealogy is from hence confined to the posterity of Abraham. Let us take occasion from reading these lists of names, to think of the multitudes that have gone through this world, have done their parts in it, and then quitted it. As one generation, even of sinful men, passes away, another comes. Ec 1:4; Nu 32:14, and will do so while the earth remains. Short is our passage through time into eternity. May we be distinguished as the Lord's people.The sons of Abraham,.... The famous and well known ancestor of the Jews; of Ishmael his firstborn, and his posterity; of his sons by Keturah; and of Isaac and his sons, an account is given from hence to the end of 1 Chronicles 1:34 entirely agreeing with that in Genesis 25:1.
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