Song of Solomon

King James Version (KJV)

King James Bible KJV

Song of Solomon
Chapter 4

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1 Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes within thy locks: thy hair is as a flock of goats, that appear from mount Gilead.

2 Thy teeth are like a flock of sheep that are even shorn, which came up from the washing; whereof every one bear twins, and none is barren among them.

3 Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech is comely: thy temples are like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks.

4 Thy neck is like the tower of David builded for an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.

5 Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins, which feed among the lilies.

6 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.

7 Thou art all fair, my love; there is no spot in thee.

8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards.

9 Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.

10 How fair is thy love, my sister, my spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!

11 Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon.

12 A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.

13 Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

15 A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.

16 Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.

Commentary for Song of Solomon 4

Christ sets forth the graces of the church. (1-7) Christ's love to the church. (8-15) The church desires further influences of Divine grace. (16)1-7 If each of these comparisons has a meaning applicable to the graces of the church, or of the faithful Christian, they are not clearly known; and great mistakes are made by fanciful guesses. The mountain of myrrh appears to mean the mountain Moriah, on which the temple was built, where the incense was burned, and the people worshipped the Lord. This was his residence till the shadows of the law given to Moses were dispersed by the breaking of the gospel day, and the rising of the Sun of righteousness. And though, in respect of his human nature, Christ is absent from his church on earth, and will continue to be so till the heavenly day break, yet he is spiritually present in his ordinances, and with his people. How fair and comely are believers, when justified in Christ's righteousness, and adorned with spiritual graces! when their thoughts, words, and deeds, though imperfect, are pure, manifesting a heart nourished by the gospel!

8-15 Observe the gracious call Christ gives to the church. It is, 1. A precept; so this is Christ's call to his church to come off from the world. These hills seem pleasant, but there are in them lions' dens; they are mountains of the leopards. 2. As a promise; many shall be brought as members of the church, from every point. The church shall be delivered from her persecutors in due time, though now she dwells among lions, #Ps 57:4|. Christ's heart is upon his church; his treasure is therein; and he delights in the affection she has for him; its working in the heart, and its works in the life. The odours wherewith the spouse is perfumed, are as the gifts and graces of the Spirit. Love and obedience to God are more pleasing to Christ than sacrifice or incense. Christ having put upon his spouse the white raiment of his own righteousness, and the righteousness of saints, and perfumed it with holy joy and comfort, he is well pleased with it. And Christ walks in his garden unseen. A hedge of protection is made around, which all the powers of darkness cannot break through. The souls of believers are as gardens enclosed, where is a well of living water, #Joh 4:14; 7:38|, the influences of the Holy Spirit. The world knows not these wells of salvation, nor can any opposer corrupt this fountain. Saints in the church, and graces in the saints, are fitly compared to fruits and spices. They are planted, and do not grow of themselves. They are precious; they are the blessings of this earth. They will be kept to good purpose when flowers are withered. Grace, when ended in glory, will last for ever. Christ is the source which makes these gardens fruitful; even a well of living waters.

16 The church prays for the influences of the blessed Spirit, to make this garden fruitful. Graces in the soul are as spices in these gardens, that in them which is valuable and useful. The blessed Spirit, in his work upon the soul, is as the wind. There is the north wind of conviction, and the south wind of comfort. He stirs up good affections, and works in us both to will and to do that which is good. The church invites Christ. Let him have the honour of all the garden produces, and let us have the comfort of his acceptance of it. We can invite him to nothing but what is his own already. The believer can have no joy of the fruits, unless they redound some way or other to the glory of Christ. Let us then seek to keep separate from the world, as a garden enclosed, and to avoid conformity thereto.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Song of Solomon 4

  • BSP
    In verse 12 the Shulammite is described as a private garden. She was chaste and would not let herself be open to just anyone.
  • Jade Alexandra Larson for verse 7
    Beautiful... Opened my eyes to so many things deep within and around me. Caused a new sense of admiration and appreciation in my heart.
  • Insight 777
    Lebanon is the symbolic love that is sought by Israel in the Song of Solomon. Lebanon is Israel 's sister as they share the same father, Abraham. Lebanon may be shown as a sister because they are the militarily weaker nation that Israel seeks to protect to join in union in a symbolic marriage as contractual allies, treating each other as family. Verse 4, Lebanons neck is compared to a military armory and verse 9 shows that one chain around this armory is seizing and taking away by force, the meaning of ravishing, Israel. This chain may be a portion of Lebanons military or government or an ally of Lebanon that is in opposition to Israel or it could be terrorists that threaten the borders of both Lebanon and Israel. Verse 9, Israel can show Lebanon the lions and leopards outside of Lebanon that want Lebanon as prey. This would be military intel that Israel has. Verse 12, a garden represents peace and the garden of Lebanon is sealed and protected if they join with Israel. Verse 16 may be saying if Lebanon joins with Israel in a contract agreement, Lebanon will be as a strong man, brother, in peace and prosper, no longer viewed as a sister that needs help.
  • TO GOD BE THE GLORY for verse 5
    Many waters can not quench love
  • Sixmund for verse 7
    Before God We Are Righteous Through Lord Jesus Christ Otherwise We Are Not
  • Sheree
    I noticed how he called his bride "My Sister" In Christ, we are brothers and sisters. We should not be married to unbelievers..

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Bible Trivia

In the Song of Songs, what country is Solomon's bride from?
  • Gilead
  • Lebanon
  • Jericho
  • Egypt