Romans Chapter 4
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11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
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Matthew Henry's Romans Chapter 4 Bible commentary...
The doctrine of justification by faith is shown by the case of Abraham. (1-12) He received the promise through the righteousness of faith. (13-22) And we are justified in the same way of believing. (23-25)1-12 To meet the views of the Jews, the apostle first refers to the example of Abraham, in whom the Jews gloried as their most renowned forefather. However exalted in various respects, he had nothing to boast in the presence of God, being saved by grace, through faith, even as others. Without noticing the years which passed before his call, and the failures at times in his obedience, and even in his faith, it was expressly stated in Scripture that "he believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness," #Ge 15:6|. From this example it is observed, that if any man could work the full measure required by the law, the reward must be reckoned as a debt, which evidently was not the case even of Abraham, seeing faith was reckoned to him for righteousness. When believers are justified by faith, "their faith being counted for righteousness," their faith does not justify them as a part, small or great, of their righteousness; but as the appointed means of uniting them to Him who has chosen as the name whereby he shall be called, "the Lord our Righteousness." Pardoned people are the only blessed people. It clearly appears from the Scripture, that Abraham was justified several years before his circumcision. It is, therefore, plain that this rite was not necessary in order to justification. It was a sign of the original corruption of human nature. And it was such a sign as was also an outward seal, appointed not only to confirm God's promises to him and to his seed, and their obligation to be the Lord's, but likewise to assure him of his being already a real partaker of the righteousness of faith. Thus Abraham was the spiritual forefather of all believers, who walked after the example of his obedient faith. The seal of the Holy Spirit in our sanctification, making us new creatures, is the inward evidence of the righteousness of faith.
13-22 The promise was made to Abraham long before the law. It points at Christ, and it refers to the promise, #Ge 12:3|. In Thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. The law worketh wrath, by showing that every transgressor is exposed to the Divine displeasure. As God intended to give men a title to the promised blessings, so he appointed it to be by faith, that it might be wholly of grace, to make it sure to all who were of the like precious faith with Abraham, whether Jews or Gentiles, in all ages. The justification and salvation of sinners, the taking to himself the Gentiles who had not been a people, were a gracious calling of things which are not, as though they were; and this giving a being to things that were not, proves the almighty power of God. The nature and power of Abraham's faith are shown. He believed God's testimony, and looked for the performance of his promise, firmly hoping when the case seemed hopeless. It is weakness of faith, that makes a man lie poring on the difficulties in the way of a promise. Abraham took it not for a point that would admit of argument or debate. Unbelief is at the bottom of all our staggerings at God's promises. The strength of faith appeared in its victory over fears. God honours faith; and great faith honours God. It was imputed to him for righteousness. Faith is a grace that of all others gives glory to God. Faith clearly is the instrument by which we receive the righteousness of God, the redemption which is by Christ; and that which is the instrument whereby we take or receive it, cannot be the thing itself, nor can it be the gift thereby taken and received. Abraham's faith did not justify him by its own merit or value, but as giving him a part in Christ.
23-25 The history of Abraham, and of his justification, was recorded to teach men of after-ages; those especially to whom the gospel was then made known. It is plain, that we are not justified by the merit of our own works, but by faith in Jesus Christ and his righteousness; which is the truth urged in this and the foregoing chapter, as the great spring and foundation of all comfort. Christ did meritoriously work our justification and salvation by his death and passion, but the power and perfection thereof, with respect to us, depend on his resurrection. By his death he paid our debt, in his resurrection he received our acquittance, #Isa 53:8|. When he was discharged, we, in Him and together with Him, received the discharge from the guilt and punishment of all our sins. This last verse is an abridgement or summary of the whole gospel.
Jesus child's Romans Chapter 4 comment on 1/18/2014, 7:28am...
Faith and law are two different things.
Henry D's Romans Chapter 4 comment on 12/15/2013, 7:30pm...
Romans 4:15 is the heart of the gospel. This is what Christ did at the cross, he nailed the law to the cross (colossians 2:14). Therefore we do not sin and cannot sin, because their is no law to sin against. Therefore no one sins. The churches have done the opposite, telling us we sin and are sinners, everyone is a saint they just do not know it.
Tammi's Romans Chapter 4 comment about verse 5 on 11/18/2013, 2:13am...
I think I serve an amazing God
Thapelo's Romans Chapter 4 comment about verse 17 on 9/03/2013, 7:39am...
The word of God is a prophesy on its own. The life of Abraham teach us that all that we ever need is given already. all that we ever want to be, we are already. we need to activate that power of God the way He did when He said Let there be, in the beggining.Now Let there be Now in our life in Jesus name.All things are ours
Arev. Autrey's Romans Chapter 4 comment about verse 20 on 8/25/2013, 11:23am...
(Verse 20) "Abraham never wavered in believing God's promise. ..." But God's promises to Christians is to forgive our sins, and take us to heaven. It is not temporal and physical, as many believe. Nor is it faith in our ability to force God to grant our earthly wishes. This is more along the lines of magic and mysticism.
The point is, Abraham believed only what God told him. And he has told us, under the New Covenant, that he will save us from death. This was accomplished by his dying on the cross in our place. This is what we put our faith in, not something we made up or something we dreamed about. That is just wishful thinking. In other words, we place our faith in Jesus to save us, not in our own abilities to make this evil world a better place.
But the main point of Paul's writings is, Abraham believed in and followed Jesus before the law was given to us, that is, without the law. And so it is with us; meaning, that for the Christian, the law's administration over us ended when Christ died. Now we live by faith!
Rev. Autrey's Romans Chapter 4 comment about verse 13 on 8/24/2013, 11:46am...
(Verse 13) "it is clear, then, that God's promise to give the whold earth to Abraham and his descendants was not based on obedience to God's law. ..." This means that there had to be a change in the way we are saved because no one, not even Abraham, was able to live up to the law's demands. We are too sinful. So God decided that he would give us a new way, the way of faith. Faith is easily within the grasp of all people. All we have to do is believe.
Of course, believing Jesus involves obeying him. Because if you believe someone, you will have faith that you should do as they say. That's why Christians live by every word of Jesus and always want to please him.
Rev. Autrey's Romans Chapter 4 comment on 8/24/2013, 11:31am...
(Verse 2) "Was it because of his good deeds that God accepted Him? If so, he would have had something to boast about. ..." This means that Abraham did not have any good deeds to make God accept him, nor do we. Abraham lived in Chaldaea, a pagan land. And he knew nothing of living by the law. So the law could not have been the standard by which he was declared righteous. His faith was!
It is the same for us today. Yes, we know of the law, and we can read it anytime we want to. But the truth is, the law was not given to the Gentiles, only to the Jews. That is, when Paul went to the Gentiles, their background was paganism, not the Law of Moses. That's why James, in Acts 15, did not try to impose the law upon them as a condition for salvation. They were saved by faith, or their belief in Jesus.
Faith implies friendship. That's why God said of Abraham in Isaiah 41:8:"But as for you, Israel my servant, Jacob my chosen one, descended from my friend Abraham." And so it is with God's people today. We believe God, as all good friends of God do. This is a new and different way to relate to God.
"But now God has shown us a different way of being right in his sight--not by obeying the law but by the way promised in the Scriptures long ago. We are made right in God's sight when we trust in Jesus Christ to take away our sins. ..."
God bless you!
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