Romans Chapter 4
11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
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Romans Chapter 4 Bible commentary...
The doctrine of justification by faith is shown by the case of Abraham. (1-12) He received the promise through the righteousness of faith. (13-22) And we are justified in the same way of believing. (23-25)1-12 To meet the views of the Jews, the apostle first refers to the example of Abraham, in whom the Jews gloried as their most renowned forefather. However exalted in various respects, he had nothing to boast in the presence of God, being saved by grace, through faith, even as others. Without noticing the years which passed before his call, and the failures at times in his obedience, and even in his faith, it was expressly stated in Scripture that "he believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness," #Ge 15:6|. From this example it is observed, that if any man could work the full measure required by the law, the reward must be reckoned as a debt, which evidently was not the case even of Abraham, seeing faith was reckoned to him for righteousness. When believers are justified by faith, "their faith being counted for righteousness," their faith does not justify them as a part, small or great, of their righteousness; but as the appointed means of uniting them to Him who has chosen as the name whereby he shall be called, "the Lord our Righteousness." Pardoned people are the only blessed people. It clearly appears from the Scripture, that Abraham was justified several years before his circumcision. It is, therefore, plain that this rite was not necessary in order to justification. It was a sign of the original corruption of human nature. And it was such a sign as was also an outward seal, appointed not only to confirm God's promises to him and to his seed, and their obligation to be the Lord's, but likewise to assure him of his being already a real partaker of the righteousness of faith. Thus Abraham was the spiritual forefather of all believers, who walked after the example of his obedient faith. The seal of the Holy Spirit in our sanctification, making us new creatures, is the inward evidence of the righteousness of faith.
13-22 The promise was made to Abraham long before the law. It points at Christ, and it refers to the promise, #Ge 12:3|. In Thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. The law worketh wrath, by showing that every transgressor is exposed to the Divine displeasure. As God intended to give men a title to the promised blessings, so he appointed it to be by faith, that it might be wholly of grace, to make it sure to all who were of the like precious faith with Abraham, whether Jews or Gentiles, in all ages. The justification and salvation of sinners, the taking to himself the Gentiles who had not been a people, were a gracious calling of things which are not, as though they were; and this giving a being to things that were not, proves the almighty power of God. The nature and power of Abraham's faith are shown. He believed God's testimony, and looked for the performance of his promise, firmly hoping when the case seemed hopeless. It is weakness of faith, that makes a man lie poring on the difficulties in the way of a promise. Abraham took it not for a point that would admit of argument or debate. Unbelief is at the bottom of all our staggerings at God's promises. The strength of faith appeared in its victory over fears. God honours faith; and great faith honours God. It was imputed to him for righteousness. Faith is a grace that of all others gives glory to God. Faith clearly is the instrument by which we receive the righteousness of God, the redemption which is by Christ; and that which is the instrument whereby we take or receive it, cannot be the thing itself, nor can it be the gift thereby taken and received. Abraham's faith did not justify him by its own merit or value, but as giving him a part in Christ.
23-25 The history of Abraham, and of his justification, was recorded to teach men of after-ages; those especially to whom the gospel was then made known. It is plain, that we are not justified by the merit of our own works, but by faith in Jesus Christ and his righteousness; which is the truth urged in this and the foregoing chapter, as the great spring and foundation of all comfort. Christ did meritoriously work our justification and salvation by his death and passion, but the power and perfection thereof, with respect to us, depend on his resurrection. By his death he paid our debt, in his resurrection he received our acquittance, #Isa 53:8|. When he was discharged, we, in Him and together with Him, received the discharge from the guilt and punishment of all our sins. This last verse is an abridgement or summary of the whole gospel.
Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.
Gary's Romans Chapter 4 comment about verse 8 on 7/12/2015, 10:21pm...
While new and some not so new Christians mature, they still struggle with sin, and stumble at times. They WILL be all that God has predestined them to be, and the Lord will chasten them as a loving Father. Their lives are hid in Christ, indeed must be, because if they were NOT "under the blood ", they would not be able to stand before the Lord should God take them at His appointed time Heb.9:27 . David agonized for several months while he battled with his conscience, but he was never lost. He called on the Lord to restore the JOY of God 's salvation in Psalm 5:12, not the salvation itself. His chastening was finally complete when the prophet Nathan confronted him. The penalty for our sin has been paid in full by the work of Christ on the cross. "For if we sin WILFULLY, after that we have received the knowledge of the truth there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins " Heb 10:26, KJV . Those that are born and led of the Spirit will NEVER sin willfully again. They are sealed and kept by God, as David was. When this truth is embedded in the heart, we are able to trust God implicitly and know that they are His forever!
Lewis Johnson's Romans Chapter 4 comment about verse 17 on 5/24/2015, 10:17am...
I 'm HEALED in JESUS NAME. I am HEALED by faith that be not as though it is. I 'm HEALED despite circumstances. The doctor says I need SURGERY. GOD says HE has ALREADY HEALED me, AMEN
John Falkner's Romans Chapter 4 comment on 4/26/2015, 5:20pm...
I am so thankful that God called Paul to preach to the gentiles .His explanation here of salvation by faith and not by works is so plain. Also the way he shows Gods Grace to all not to the Jew only but to the Gentiles as well,What a Blessing.Thank You Lord
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