Romans Chapter 13
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4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
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Matthew Henry's Romans Chapter 13 Bible commentary...
The duty of subjection to governors. (1-7) Exhortations to mutual love. (8-10) To temperance and sobriety. (11-14)1-7 The grace of the gospel teaches us submission and quiet, where pride and the carnal mind only see causes for murmuring and discontent. Whatever the persons in authority over us themselves may be, yet the just power they have, must be submitted to and obeyed. In the general course of human affairs, rulers are not a terror to honest, quiet, and good subjects, but to evil-doers. Such is the power of sin and corruption, that many will be kept back from crimes only by the fear of punishment. Thou hast the benefit of the government, therefore do what thou canst to preserve it, and nothing to disturb it. This directs private persons to behave quietly and peaceably where God has set them, #1Ti 2:1,2|. Christians must not use any trick or fraud. All smuggling, dealing in contraband goods, withholding or evading duties, is rebellion against the express command of God. Thus honest neighbours are robbed, who will have to pay the more; and the crimes of smugglers, and others who join with them, are abetted. It is painful that some professors of the gospel should countenance such dishonest practices. The lesson here taught it becomes all Christians to learn and practise, that the godly in the land will always be found the quiet and the peaceable in the land, whatever others are.
8-10 Christians must avoid useless expense, and be careful not to contract any debts they have not the power to discharge. They are also to stand aloof from all venturesome speculations and rash engagements, and whatever may expose them to the danger of not rendering to all their due. Do not keep in any one's debt. Give every one his own. Do not spend that on yourselves, which you owe to others. But many who are very sensible of the trouble, think little of the sin, of being in debt. Love to others includes all the duties of the second table. The last five of the ten commandments are all summed up in this royal law, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself; with the same sincerity that thou lovest thyself, though not in the same measure and degree. He that loves his neighbour as himself, will desire the welfare of his neighbour. On this is built that golden rule, of doing as we would be done by. Love is a living, active principle of obedience to the whole law. Let us not only avoid injuries to the persons, connexions, property, and characters of men; but do no kind or degree of evil to any man, and study to be useful in every station of life.
11-14 Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. Also the salvation nigh at hand. Let us mind our way, and mend our pace, we are nearer our journey's end. Also to make ourselves ready. The night is far spent, the day is at hand; therefore it is time to dress ourselves. Observe what we must put off; clothes worn in the night. Cast off the sinful works of darkness. Observe what we must put on; how we should dress our souls. Put on the armour of light. A Christian must reckon himself undressed, if unarmed. The graces of the Spirit are this armour, to secure the soul from Satan's temptations, and the assaults of this present evil world. Put on Christ; that includes all. Put on righteousness of Christ, for justification. Put on the Spirit and grace of Christ, for sanctification. The Lord Jesus Christ must be put on as Lord to rule you as Jesus to save you; and in both, as Christ anointed and appointed by the Father to this ruling, saving work. And how to walk. When we are up and ready, we are not to sit still, but to appear abroad; let us walk. Christianity teaches us how to walk so as to please God, who ever sees us. Walk honestly as in the day; avoiding the works of darkness. Where there are riot and drunkenness, there usually are chambering and wantonness, and strife and envy. Solomon puts these all together, #Pr 23:29-35|. See what provision to make. Our great care must be to provide for our souls: but must we take no care about our bodies? Yes; but two things are forbidden. Perplexing ourselves with anxious, encumbering care; and indulging ourselves in irregular desires. Natural wants are to be answered, but evil appetites must be checked and denied. To ask meat for our necessities, is our duty, we are taught to pray for daily bread; but to ask meat for our lusts, is provoking God, #Ps 78:18|.
Comments for Romans Chapter 13...
Brant's Romans Chapter 13 comment about verse 1 on 4/28/2013, 11:25am...
When God's rule is rejected, as it first was civilly in the First Book of Samuel, then we are subject to the rule of men. That is when each of us refuse to live the way we know we should,in love and in peace, in God's grace. To love the Lord our God with all of our heart, all of our soul,all of our strength,and all of our mind. And to love our neighbor as our self. We relinquish our freedoms to the degree we relinquish our responsibility to obey this command. We are warned in the eight chapter of First Samuel of the consequences of human rule and the eleventh chapter of Zechariah of the what was to come. As Israel rejected God for a human King,as the Jews rejected Christ as Savior, so we lose are freedom by rejecting the Word of God. It is by this that man is subjected to the powers that be, it is his own doing.
Coca Money's Romans Chapter 13 comment on 4/24/2013, 2:06pm...
Magnus...you are correct. Clint please reread this chapter.
1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
4 For he ("ruler" as stated in verse 3) is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.
8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
It is clearly written that we must pay tribute to the cause of the most high...NOT unto the flesh!
Nevermore Mazango hit it right on the head...The children of Israel were obliged to subject themselves to the power of Moses, because Moses had been ordained by God. He was their Spiritual leader(ruler). The Spiritual power that be.
In sharp contrast. There was Pharoah under whose political leadership they fell. The children of Israel were to be freed from Pharoah because he was not ordained by God to rule the children of Israel.
Tracy talosig's Romans Chapter 13 comment on 3/19/2013, 11:38am...
I learn a lot from the word of God, it helps me to meditate.
Timothy Wayne George's Romans Chapter 13 comment about verse 4 on 3/03/2013, 11:31pm...
Government was ordained by God to restrain evil, and the rulers do not bear the sword in vain. Capitol punishment was to be given to any who would murder. There is no perfect government, but we must give honor to those whom honor belongs, and tribute to whom tribute belongs. Christians are to be model citizens, and pray for those in authority, so that we can live a peaceful life. Owe no man any debt, but to love one another as thyself. Love is the fulfillment of the law. Daniel and the three Hebrew boys are examples of how Christians are to live in a pagan society. There will be perfect peace when Jesus Christ shall rule, and the government will be on His shoulders. Until then, we must occupy, until He comes. We do this by casting off the works of darkness, and putting on the armor of light.
Mac's Romans Chapter 13 comment about verse 1 on 3/03/2013, 6:51pm...
Trying to compare Pauline position with Rawls’ justice theory position and Kant's categorical imperative. Does the state have a divine mandate of heaven even the immoral ones or does humanity have the responsibility to choose a better way?
Owen gwasira's Romans Chapter 13 comment about verse 8 on 1/30/2013, 1:35am...
I love that verse. It teaches me to be financially independent but spiritually fulfilled.
Duncan Bates's Romans Chapter 13 comment on 12/30/2012, 3:19pm...
Romans 13 needs to be read in context with the rest of the Bible, where God explains what qualifies as a "higher power". For those still stumped, I recommend a book by Pastor Chuck Baldwin titled Romans 13: The True Meaning of Submission.
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