“By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:”
King James Version (KJV)
1:5 By whom we have received - I and the other apostles. Grace and apostleship - The favour to be an apostle, and qualifications for it. For obedience to the faith in all nations - That is, that all nations may embrace the faith of Christ. For his name - For his sake; out of regard to him.
Ro 1:5 By whom. Through Jesus Christ, who is the subject spoken of. We have received. Paul refers to himself, and perhaps to other apostles. Grace. The grace, the favor and mercy of heaven granted to all saints. Apostleship. All saints were not apostles, but one must be a saint to be an apostle. Without the general grace he could not have the special gift of apostleship. For obedience to the faith. The apostleship was given in order to lead all nations to obedience to the faith. "The faith" is a synonym for "the gospel". Observe that it is a system of obedience. In the apostolic age there were no recognized believers but obedient believers.