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- King James Bible "Authorized Version", Cambridge Edition
1:17 The righteousness of God - This expression sometimes means God's eternal, essential righteousness, which includes both justice and mercy, and is eminently shown in condemning sin, and yet justifying the sinner. Sometimes it means that righteousness by which a man, through the gift of God, is made and is righteous; and that, both by receiving Christ through faith, and by a conformity to the essential righteousness of God. St. Paul, when treating of justification, means hereby the righteousness of faith; therefore called the righteousness of God, because God found out and prepared, reveals and gives, approves and crowns it. In this verse the expression means, the whole benefit of God through Christ for the salvation of a sinner. Is revealed - Mention is made here, and #Rom 1:18|, of a twofold revelation, - of wrath and of righteousness: the former, little known to nature, is revealed by the law; the latter, wholly unknown to nature, by the gospel. That goes before, and prepares the way; this follows. Each, the apostle says, is revealed at the present time, in opposition to the times of ignorance. From faith to faith - By a gradual series of still clearer and clearer promises. As it is written - St. Paul had just laid down three propositions: Righteousness is by faith, #Rom 1:17:| Salvation is by righteousness, #Rom 1:16:| Both to the Jews and to the gentiles, #Rom 1:16|. Now all these are confirmed by that single sentence, The just shall live by faith - Which was primarily spoken of those who preserved their lives, when the Chaldeans besieged Jerusalem, by believing the declarations of God, and acting according to them. Here it means, He shall obtain the favour of God, and continue therein by believing. #Hab 2:4|
Ro 1:17 For in this. In the gospel. It reveals the righteousness of God. This might mean (1) God's personal righteousness; (2) a righteousness acceptable to God; or, (3) a righteousness bestowed by God. The last is its sense in the Epistle to the Romans. The obedient believer in Christ is forgiven and clothed with Christ's righteousness. See Ro 3:21-25. From faith to faith. This clause has caused much discussion. The generally received view is thus stated by Dr. Schaff: ``The righteousness is revealed from faith, or through means of faith, in order to produce faith in others.'' It is revealed to us by believing (faith), and the duty of the believer is to extend the gospel, or to extend the faith. Says Dr. Schaff, ``Believing includes knowledge and belief, assent and surrender, appropriation and application.'' As it is written. See Hab 2:4. The Old Testament had predicted this system of righteousness by faith, for the prophet had said, "The just shall live by faith". See also Heb 10:38,39. The just. Those who have been forgiven and justified by the gospel.
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