Revelation 1:4

“John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

Iohn to the seuen Churches in Asia, Grace be vnto you, & peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come, and from the seuen spirits which are before his throne:
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne,
- New American Standard Version (1995)

John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from him who is and who was and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits that are before his throne;
- American Standard Version (1901)

John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from him who is and was and is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his high seat;
- Basic English Bible

John to the seven assemblies which [are] in Asia: Grace to you and peace from [him] who is, and who was, and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits which [are] before his throne;
- Darby Bible

John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be to you, and peace, from him who is, and who was, and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits who are before his throne;
- Webster's Bible

John sends greetings to the seven Churches in the province of Asia. May grace be granted to you, and peace, from Him who is and was and evermore will be; and from the seven Spirits which are before His throne;
- Weymouth Bible

John, to the seven assemblies that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from God, who is and who was and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits who are before his throne;
- World English Bible

Joon to seuene chirchis, that ben in Asie, grace and pees to you, of him that is, and that was, and that is to comynge; and of the seuene spiritis, that ben in the siyt of his trone; and of Jhesu Crist,
- Wycliffe Bible

John to the seven assemblies that [are] in Asia: Grace to you, and peace, from Him who is, and who was, and who is coming, and from the Seven Spirits that are before His throne,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Revelation 1:4


1:4 John - The dedication of this book is contained in the fourth, fifth, and sixth verses; but the whole Revelation is a kind of letter. To the seven churches which are in Asia - That part of the Lesser Asia which was then a Roman province. There had been several other churches planted here; but it seems these were now the most eminent; and it was among these that St. John had laboured most during his abode in Asia. In these cities there were many Jews. Such of them as believed in each were joined with the gentile believers in one church. Grace be unto you, and peace - The favour of God, with all temporal and eternal blessings. From him who is, and who was, and who cometh, or, who is to come - A wonderful translation of the great name JEHOVAH: he was of old, he is now, he cometh; that is, will be for ever. And from the seven spirits which are before his throne - Christ is he who hath the seven spirits of God. The seven lamps which burn before the throne are the seven spirits of God. The lamb hath seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God. Seven was a sacred number in the Jewish church: but it did not always imply a precise number. It sometimes is to be taken figuratively, to denote completeness or perfection. By these seven spirits, not seven created angels, but the Holy Ghost is to be understood. The angels are never termed spirits in this book; and when all the angels stand up, while the four living creatures and the four and twenty elders worship him that sitteth on the throne, and the Lamb, the seven spirits neither stand up nor worship. To these seven spirits of God, the seven churches, to whom the Spirit speaks so many things, are subordinate; as are also their angels, yea, and the seven angels which stand before God. He is called the seven spirits, not with regard to his essence, which is one, but with regard to his manifold operations.


People's Bible Notes for Revelation 1:4


Re 1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia. The churches are named in Re 1:11. The term "Asia" did not mean in the first century what it does now, but only the Roman province called Asia, of which Ephesus was the capital. All the seven churches are in that province. It is supposed that SEVEN, the perfect and sacred number, were chosen, because the seven were to symbolize the whole Church of Christ. There were in the province of Asia more than seven churches at this time, as we know, Colosse, Miletus (Ac 20:17) and Hierapolis (Col 4:13) being named in the New Testament. Grace [be] to you. The benediction, like that in the apostolic epistles, shows that Revelation is an epistle also, addressed directly to seven churches and through them to all the church. From him which is. The I AM. See Ex 3:14. From the seven Spirits. The Holy Spirit. The numeral seven indicates fulness, perfection. It is the sacred number. The sevens are constantly repeated through Revelation. There are seven churches, seven spirits, seven trumpets, seven thunders, seven vials, etc.

Discussion for Revelation 1

  • Cheryl Stewart
    God's gift to man(Revealed)to us .I have open my eyes to see.Thank you Lord Jesus Christ.l want to be prepared for the Lord's Day.with understanding and be one of his children and be there to witness.
  • BSP
    Verse 10 says that the fulfillment of this book takes place in the "Lord's day" and all the signs point to the time in which we are now living.
  • Florence
    What are 144 000 elders found in revelation
  • Lavern Bailey
    This book is also one of my well read book and i love it.He also say blessed are those that read and keep these things in memories of what he warned us .also he warned us not to add are take from his words are else he would add the plagues and if we take anything he will take away our part from the book of life .i also love how he make everything that he told us he made very transparent (clear) .
  • Susan
    Yes that is true. It's an amazing book about the love of God and how he will triumph over evil and save and redeem the faithful in the end. Interesting though is that most has already come to pass as it says these things are at hand and will happen quickly. Dire encouragement for Christians enduring horrific persecution.
  • Sihlobosenkosi
    A book that proceeds from the throne of God. He gives it to Jesus. Jesus is the central figure of this book. He holds the candle sticks on his hands and holds the keys of hades and death. Jesus is in charge of His church and those that die have assurance of Resurrection. This is an open book that should be understood because it reveals Jesus and His love

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