Numbers Chapter 20
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8 Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.
12 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
17 Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.
19 And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing any thing else, go through on my feet.
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Matthew Henry's Numbers Chapter 20 Bible commentary...
The people come to Zin, They murmur for water, Moses directed to smite the rock, The infirmity of Moses and Aaron. (1-13) The Israelites are refused a passage through Edom. (14-21) Aaron reigns the priest's office to Eleazar, and dies in mount Hor. (22-29)1-13 After thirty-eight years' tedious abode in the wilderness, the armies of Israel advanced towards Canaan again. There was no water for the congregation. We live in a wanting world, and wherever we are, must expect to meet with something to put us out. It is a great mercy to have plenty of water, a mercy which, if we found the want of, we should more own the worth of. Hereupon they murmured against Moses and Aaron. They spake the same absurd and brutish language their fathers had done. It made their crime the worse, that they had smarted so long for the discontent and distrusts of their fathers, yet they venture in the same steps. Moses must again, in God's name, command water out of a rock for them; God is as able as ever to supply his people with what is needful for them. But Moses and Aaron acted wrong. They took much of the glory of this work of wonder to themselves; "Must we fetch water?" As if it were done by some power or worthiness of their own. They were to speak to the rock, but they smote it. Therefore it is charged upon them, that they did not sanctify God, that is, they did not give to him alone that glory of this miracle which was due unto his name. And being provoked by the people, Moses spake unadvisedly with his lips. The same pride of man would still usurp the office of the appointed Mediator; and become to ourselves wisdom, righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption. Such a state of sinful independence, such a rebellion of the soul against its Saviour, the voice of God condemns in every page of the gospel.
14-21 The nearest way to Canaan from the place where Israel encamped, was through the country of Edom. The ambassadors who were sent returned with a denial. The Edomites feared to receive damage by the Israelites. And had this numerous army been under any other discipline than that of the righteous God himself, there might have been cause for this jealousy. But Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing; and now the hatred revived, when the blessing was about to be inherited. We must not think it strange, if reasonable requests be denied by unreasonable men, and if those whom God favours be affronted by men.
22-29 God bids Aaron prepare to die. There is something of displeasure in these orders. Aaron must not enter Canaan, because he had failed in his duty at the waters of strife. There is much of mercy in them. Aaron, though he dies for his transgression, dies with ease, and in honour. He is gathered to his people, as one who dies in the arms of Divine grace. There is much significancy in these orders. Aaron must not enter Canaan, to show that the Levitical priesthood could make nothing perfect; that must be done by bringing in a better hope. Aaron submits, and dies in the method and manner appointed; and, for aught that appears, with as much cheerfulness as if he had been going to bed. It was a great satisfaction to Aaron to see his son, who was dear to him, preferred; and his office preserved and secured: especially, to see in this a figure of Christ's everlasting priesthood. A good man would desire, if it were the will of God, not to outlive his usefulness. Why should we covet to continue any longer in this world, than while we may do some service in it for God and our generation?
Carolyn Swint's Numbers Chapter 20 comment on 2/06/2014, 8:48am...
Clearly Aaron spoke for moses and they were told by god to speak to the rock which their anger caused them to disobey. They did not listen to god and trust in his word. moses was needed to finish his work and lead the people. Aron was punished for his anger. we had better be careful how we control ourselves before god. when they struck the rock,they struck god and he got angry. Aron as gods` priest failed him in disobience so he missed going to the promiseland. We must love and obey god in all things in jesus name.
Audley feare's Numbers Chapter 20 comment about verse 26 on 11/17/2013, 2:13pm...
Aaron was guilty as Moses his mentor according to verse 12. they both disbelieve and disobeyed God and was forfeited their life long desire the joy of Canaan. God spoke to both of them in verse 8 thus remind us to be careful to follow God's order above that of our mentor and more so admonish them when they strayed from the will of God
Robert mburugu's Numbers Chapter 20 comment on 3/03/2013, 3:57am...
Numbers 20 and Exodus 17 explain the same message. We should do Exactly as the Lord commands and never add our things because this caused Moses not to reach the promised land of Canaan.
Timothy Wayne George's Numbers Chapter 20 comment on 2/19/2013, 9:01pm...
Aaron was gathered unto his people because he rebelled at Meribah and hit the rock twice. God told Moses to speak to the rock, but his anger got the better of him, which caused a faith failure. When the Priest committed sin, then he was removed from the Priesthood. The scripture tells us to be angry, but sin not. Anger rest in the bosom of fools. We must be quick to hear, and slow to anger, for the wrath of man, does not work the righteousness of God.
Nana Sarpong's Numbers Chapter 20 comment on 2/19/2013, 1:59am...
I donít understand why Aaron died, can somebody explain to me. I need explanation with spiritual perspective.
Jessica's Numbers Chapter 20 comment on 9/15/2011, 6:55am...
Yes, God said speak to the rock before their eyes to give the people water. As you read Moses did not speak, he smote it twice with a bit of a rude comment towards to group. So, in essence he disobeyed what God specifically told him to do. We really must obey our God.
Anonymous's Numbers Chapter 20 comment on 7/12/2011, 10:37pm...
Can somebody please tell me, why Aaron died? In the previous chapter, the congregation of the children of Israel were doubtful of God. It says that Aaron and Moses fell upon their faces, and that Moses gave them water from rock, as God commanded. I do not understand, what was the wrong doing?
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