Matthew Chapter 20
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22 But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.
23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
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Matthew Henry's Matthew Chapter 20 Bible commentary...
The parable of the labourers in the vineyard. (1-16) Jesus again foretells his sufferings. (17-19) The ambition of James and John. (20-28) Jesus gives sight to two blind men near Jericho. (29-34)1-16 The direct object of this parable seems to be, to show that though the Jews were first called into the vineyard, at length the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles, and they should be admitted to equal privileges and advantages with the Jews. The parable may also be applied more generally, and shows, 1. That God is debtor to no man. 2. That many who begin last, and promise little in religion, sometimes, by the blessing of God, arrive at a great deal of knowledge, grace, and usefulness. 3. That the recompense of reward will be given to the saints, but not according to the time of their conversion. It describes the state of the visible church, and explains the declaration that the last shall be first, and the first last, in its various references. Till we are hired into the service of God, we are standing all the day idle: a sinful state, though a state of drudgery to Satan, may be called a state of idleness. The market-place is the world, and from that we are called by the gospel. Come, come from this market-place. Work for God will not admit of trifling. A man may go idle to hell, but he that will go to heaven, must be diligent. The Roman penny was sevenpence halfpenny in our money, wages then enough for the day's support. This does not prove that the reward of our obedience to God is of works, or of debt; when we have done all, we are unprofitable servants; but it signifies that there is a reward set before us, yet let none, upon this presumption, put off repentance till they are old. Some were sent into the vineyard at the eleventh hour; but nobody had hired them before. The Gentiles came in at the eleventh hour; the gospel had not been before preached to them. Those that have had gospel offers made them at the third or sixth hour, and have refused them, will not have to say at the eleventh hour, as these had, No man has hired us. Therefore, not to discourage any, but to awaken all, be it remembered, that now is the accepted time. The riches of Divine grace are loudly murmured at, among proud Pharisees and nominal Christians. There is great proneness in us to think that we have too little, and others too much of the tokens of God's favour; and that we do too much, and others too little in the work of God. But if God gives grace to others, it is kindness to them, and no injustice to us. Carnal worldlings agree with God for their penny in this world; and choose their portion in this life. Obedient believers agree with God for their penny in the other world, and must remember they have so agreed. Didst not thou agree to take up with heaven as thy portion, thy all; wilt thou seek for happiness in the creature? God punishes none more than they deserve, and recompenses every service done for him; he therefore does no wrong to any, by showing extraordinary grace to some. See here the nature of envy. It is an evil eye, which is displeased at the good of others, and desires their hurt. It is a grief to ourselves, displeasing to God, and hurtful to our neighbours: it is a sin that has neither pleasure, profit, nor honour. Let us forego every proud claim, and seek for salvation as a free gift. Let us never envy or grudge, but rejoice and praise God for his mercy to others as well as to ourselves.
17-19 Christ is more particular here in foretelling his sufferings than before. And here, as before, he adds the mention of his resurrection and his glory, to that of his death and sufferings, to encourage his disciples, and comfort them. A believing view of our once crucified and now glorified Redeemer, is good to humble a proud, self-justifying disposition. When we consider the need of the humiliation and sufferings of the Son of God, in order to the salvation of perishing sinners, surely we must be aware of the freeness and richness of Divine grace in our salvation.
20-28 The sons of Zebedee abused what Christ said to comfort the disciples. Some cannot have comforts but they turn them to a wrong purpose. Pride is a sin that most easily besets us; it is sinful ambition to outdo others in pomp and grandeur. To put down the vanity and ambition of their request, Christ leads them to the thoughts of their sufferings. It is a bitter cup that is to be drunk of; a cup of trembling, but not the cup of the wicked. It is but a cup, it is but a draught, bitter perhaps, but soon emptied; it is a cup in the hand of a Father, #Joh 18:11|. Baptism is an ordinance by which we are joined to the Lord in covenant and communion; and so is suffering for Christ, #Eze 20:37; Isa 48:10|. Baptism is an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace; and so is suffering for Christ, for unto us it is given, #Php 1:29|. But they knew not what Christ's cup was, nor what his baptism. Those are commonly most confident, who are least acquainted with the cross. Nothing makes more mischief among brethren, than desire of greatness. And we never find Christ's disciples quarrelling, but something of this was at the bottom of it. That man who labours most diligently, and suffers most patiently, seeking to do good to his brethren, and to promote the salvation of souls, most resembles Christ, and will be most honoured by him to all eternity. Our Lord speaks of his death in the terms applied to the sacrifices of old. It is a sacrifice for the sins of men, and is that true and substantial sacrifice, which those of the law faintly and imperfectly represented. It was a ransom for many, enough for all, working upon many; and, if for many, then the poor trembling soul may say, Why not for me?
29-34 It is good for those under the same trial, or infirmity of body or mind, to join in prayer to God for relief, that they may quicken and encourage one another. There is mercy enough in Christ for all that ask. They were earnest in prayer. They cried out as men in earnest. Cold desires beg denials. They were humble in prayer, casting themselves upon, and referring themselves cheerfully to, the Mediator's mercy. They showed faith in prayer, by the title they gave to Christ. Surely it was by the Holy Ghost that they called Jesus, Lord. They persevered in prayer. When they were in pursuit of such mercy, it was no time for timidity or hesitation: they cried earnestly. Christ encouraged them. The wants and burdens of the body we are soon sensible of, and can readily relate. Oh that we did as feelingly complain of our spiritual maladies, especially our spiritual blindness! Many are spiritually blind, yet say they see. Jesus cured these blind men; and when they had received sight, they followed him. None follow Christ blindly. He first by his grace opens men's eyes, and so draws their hearts after him. These miracles are our call to Jesus; may we hear it, and make it our daily prayer to grow in grace and in the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
Karin's Matthew Chapter 20 comment on 4/20/2013, 3:53am...
(v) 2 States: When he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day he sent them into his vineyard...
The Vineyard Owner was NOT paying by the HOUR! pay for the WHOLE day. That is the parable!
Zippie's Matthew Chapter 20 comment on 2/27/2013, 2:06pm...
All the prophetic interpretations, though right, don't matter. I have my own view and the parable that the Almighty has shown to me. That no matter how late you come to him, He will gladly accept you and give you his blessing; that blessing is equal to that of Elijah and Job who were faithful to him since birth.
Michael Perez's Matthew Chapter 20 comment on 1/28/2013, 1:51pm...
God showed to me all men are equal.
Jay's Matthew Chapter 20 comment on 12/04/2012, 3:17pm...
I will see if I can shed some light on the parable of the vineyard (verses 1 to 16).
1. All parables have dual applications (doctrinal and spiritual);
2. The man is Jesus;
3. Householder is owner of property;
4. Early in morning is first thing;
5. Laborers are the 12 disciples;
6. Vineyard is mission field (world);
7. Penny is the compensation for accepting your new position (child of God) in the mission field (world);
8. Hours is daytime hours (John 11:9);
9. Watch is nighttime hours (Mark 13:34-37);
10. In Jewish times, third hours is 09 am, six hours is noon, 11th hour is 5 pm, 6 pm begins the new day on Jewish clock. Remember God used Jews to write the bible.
From early morning to the 11th hour encompasses the church age (approximately 2000 years). When a person receives Jesus as saviour and becomes a child of God regardless if they converted in the 1st century or just before the rapture. All saints in Christ receive equal justification, holy spirit, inheritance, and opportunity for rewards; all under grace and mercy by Jesus Christ. There are certain promises God is giving out equally to all saints of God, regardless how long a person has been saved and what time in church history they lived.
BROTHER ANDREW's Matthew Chapter 20 comment about verse 7 on 7/02/2012, 9:18am...
In order to understand this verse, you must understand the context of the entire parable. Each of the first three sets of workmen sent out represent the three sets of 14 generations that were to comw before the Messiah appeared. When God refers to his vineyard he is speaking of his house of prayer. During each period of the first three sets of workmen a work was done concerning his house. The first work that was done was Mose and the law, the second set of workmen built the first temple. the third set built the second temple, and it was built by two different set of workmen, the first set came and laid the foundation. the second set came and did the finished work. This is a type of the building of the body of Christ. Then the Messiah came. Believeing that the wretched servants of his garden would surely listen to his Son, he became angry with them when they indeed crucified him just as they killed all of them God had sent to them. Then did he send the workmen of that hour out to compel everyone and anyone who would enter into the wedding feast of the Lord. This has been going on now for two thousand years. The parable interpets it'self in that each set of workmen prior to the coming of the Messiah were periods of 1,ooo years. When he tells us of the workmen of the 11th hour of the Day, he has shown us that the first two hours from the time of the Messiah until the last hour of the day, would be two one thousand year periods. The workmen sent out at the last hour of the day, are presently doing nothing pertaining to the careing of Gods vineyard. When they receive there calling to go forth, it is from the position of not being hirelings as those who presently care for the church. They will not have sat under the teachings of man, nor will they have been hired by man, to care for the church. They know who they are, for God has called out to them. Then comes the final hour / thousand year period, the reign of Christ. They are the reapers who over take the planters of the seed, Natural Israel is the planter of the seed, of which fell into the earth, Christ Jesus. They who came first, shall be last. They who came last, shall be first.
Elizabeth Masukusa's Matthew Chapter 20 comment on 11/23/2011, 5:13am...
Amen Jesus had COMPASSION and the part Jesus' says ''WHAT SHALL I DO FOR YOU'' even in prayer i think that we should be specific
Oluwole sunday's Matthew Chapter 20 comment about verse 26 on 1/26/2011, 1:35am...
to become graet mean to first go down. Jesus raise from the grave i.e bottomness pit, to the place of authority, He left all His glory to come as low as a sinner in order to influence people to God's kingdom. greatness is the function of servantwood. dont consider your status when serving in the kingdom. kingdom possessed people had forgone all thier material acquisition and focus on Jesus engaging in the kingdom service, through this they have more strenght. Jesus said this will not happen among you, it is a principle, it is a command for any one that want to be great. Hummility is the key! God gave an affirmative statement about this: He said "...I honoured the simple" God will honored you only if you surrender all to him. Be a servent to the kingdom service and you will be the greatest!
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