“And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
King James Version (KJV)
19:28 In the renovation - In the final renovation of all things: Ye shall sit - In the beginning of the judgment they shall stand, #2Cor 5:10|. Then being absolved, they shall sit with the Judge, #1Cor 6:2:| On twelve thrones - So our Lord promised, without expressing any condition: yet as absolute as the words are, it is certain there is a condition implied, as in many scriptures, where none is expressed. In consequence of this, those twelve did not sit on those twelve thrones: for the throne of Judas another took, so that he never sat thereon.
Mt 19:28 Ye. The apostles. In the regeneration. At the coming of the Lord the second time. When the Son of man shall sit, etc. In his final triumph over all evil. Shall sit upon twelve thrones. Christ shall sit on the throne of his glory and the apostles also shall have thrones. The twelve tribes of Israel. The reference is probably spiritual rather than literal. The inspired preaching of the apostles presented the conditions of pardon under the New Covenant. Thus they "bind" and "loose", or "judge". In judgment, salvation will turn on whether the Jews, or the true Israel (Ga 3:29), have obeyed the "apostles' doctrine". The apostles even now judge the church.