Luke Chapter 22
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Matthew Henry's Luke Chapter 22 Bible commentary...
The treachery of Judas. (1-6) The passover. (7-18) The Lord's supper instituted. (19,20) Christ admonishes the disciples. (21-38) Christ's agony in the garden. (39-46) Christ betrayed. (47-53) The fall of Peter. (54-62) Christ confesses himself to be the Son of God. (63-71)1-6 Christ knew all men, and had wise and holy ends in taking Judas to be a disciple. How he who knew Christ so well, came to betray him, we are here told; Satan entered into Judas. It is hard to say whether more mischief is done to Christ's kingdom, by the power of its open enemies, or by the treachery of its pretended friends; but without the latter, its enemies could not do so much evil as they do.
7-18 Christ kept the ordinances of the law, particularly that of the passover, to teach us to observe his gospel institutions, and most of all that of the Lord's supper. Those who go upon Christ's word, need not fear disappointment. According to the orders given them, the disciples got all ready for the passover. Jesus bids this passover welcome. He desired it, though he knew his sufferings would follow, because it was in order to his Father's glory and man's redemption. He takes his leave of all passovers, signifying thereby his doing away all the ordinances of the ceremonial law, of which the passover was one of the earliest and chief. That type was laid aside, because now in the kingdom of God the substance was come.
19,20 The Lord's supper is a sign or memorial of Christ already come, who by dying delivered us; his death is in special manner set before us in that ordinance, by which we are reminded of it. The breaking of Christ's body as a sacrifice for us, is therein brought to our remembrance by the breaking of bread. Nothing can be more nourishing and satisfying to the soul, than the doctrine of Christ's making atonement for sin, and the assurance of an interest in that atonement. Therefore we do this in rememberance of what He did for us, when he died for us; and for a memorial of what we do, in joining ourselves to him in an everlasting covenant. The shedding of Christ's blood, by which the atonement was made, is represented by the wine in the cup.
21-38 How unbecoming is the worldly ambition of being the greatest, to the character of a follower of Jesus, who took upon him the form of a servant, and humbled himself to the death of the cross! In the way to eternal happiness, we must expect to be assaulted and sifted by Satan. If he cannot destroy, he will try to disgrace or distress us. Nothing more certainly forebodes a fall, in a professed follower of Christ, than self-confidence, with disregard to warnings, and contempt of danger. Unless we watch and pray always, we may be drawn in the course of the day into those sins which we were in the morning most resolved against. If believers were left to themselves, they would fall; but they are kept by the power of God, and the prayer of Christ. Our Lord gave notice of a very great change of circumstances now approaching. The disciples must not expect that their friends would be kind to them as they had been. Therefore, he that has a purse, let him take it, for he may need it. They must now expect that their enemies would be more fierce than they had been, and they would need weapons. At the time the apostles understood Christ to mean real weapons, but he spake only of the weapons of the spiritual warfare. The sword of the Spirit is the sword with which the disciples of Christ must furnish themselves.
39-46 Every description which the evangelists give of the state of mind in which our Lord entered upon this conflict, proves the tremendous nature of the assault, and the perfect foreknowledge of its terrors possessed by the meek and lowly Jesus. Here are three things not in the other evangelists. 1. When Christ was in his agony, there appeared to him an angel from heaven, strengthening him. It was a part of his humiliation that he was thus strengthened by a ministering spirit. 2. Being in agony, he prayed more earnestly. Prayer, though never out of season, is in a special manner seasonable when we are in an agony. 3. In this agony his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down. This showed the travail of his soul. We should pray also to be enabled to resist unto the shedding of our blood, striving against sin, if ever called to it. When next you dwell in imagination upon the delights of some favourite sin, think of its effects as you behold them here! See its fearful effects in the garden of Gethsemane, and desire, by the help of God, deeply to hate and to forsake that enemy, to ransom sinners from whom the Redeemer prayed, agonized, and bled.
47-53 Nothing can be a greater affront or grief to the Lord Jesus, than to be betrayed by those who profess to be his followers, and say that they love him. Many instances there are, of Christ's being betrayed by those who, under the form of godliness, fight against the power of it. Jesus here gave an illustrious example of his own rule of doing good to those that hate us, as afterwards he did of praying for those that despitefully use us. Corrupt nature warps our conduct to extremes; we should seek for the Lord's direction before we act in difficult circumstances. Christ was willing to wait for his triumphs till his warfare was accomplished, and we must be so too. But the hour and the power of darkness were short, and such the triumphs of the wicked always will be.
54-62 Peter's fall was his denying that he knew Christ, and was his disciple; disowning him because of distress and danger. He that has once told a lie, is strongly tempted to persist: the beginning of that sin, like strife, is as the letting forth of water. The Lord turned and looked upon Peter. 1. It was a convincing look. Jesus turned and looked upon him, as if he should say, Dost thou not know me, Peter? 2. It was a chiding look. Let us think with what a rebuking countenance Christ may justly look upon us when we have sinned. 3. It was an expostulating look. Thou who wast the most forward to confess me to be the Son of God, and didst solemnly promise thou wouldest never disown me! 4. It was a compassionate look. Peter, how art thou fallen and undone if I do not help thee! 5. It was a directing look, to go and bethink himself. 6. It was a significant look; it signified the conveying of grace to Peter's heart, to enable him to repent. The grace of God works in and by the word of God, brings that to mind, and sets that home upon the conscience, and so gives the soul the happy turn. Christ looked upon the chief priests, and made no impression upon them as he did on Peter. It was not the mere look from Christ, but the Divine grace with it, that restored Peter.
63-71 Those that condemned Jesus for a blasphemer, were the vilest blasphemers. He referred them to his second coming, for the full proof of his being the Christ, to their confusion, since they would not admit the proof of it to their conviction. He owns himself to be the Son of God, though he knew he should suffer for it. Upon this they ground his condemnation. Their eyes being blinded, they rush on. Let us meditate on this amazing transaction, and consider Him who endured such contradiction of sinners against himself.
Comments for Luke Chapter 22...
Ariokot Jane's Luke Chapter 22 comment on 3/30/2013, 6:51am...
So lovely and encouraging, thanks may God bless you keep it up
Ludwe Wana's Luke Chapter 22 comment about verse 19 on 3/29/2013, 8:23am...
This verse to me suggest that we mast remember Jesus Our Lord each and every minus of our life. that bread that gave His disaples is the bread of life and remember when Jesus tought hw to pray,He said "God give us our daily bread", which daily bread Jesus Himself. He took bread and gave thanks is the lesson as human being mast always give thanks to Heavenly Father in every thing that is good and relative to our spiritual life,as Jesus did. When He told them that was His body He tried to emphasis that every time you eat bread remember me.
Albert Jones's Luke Chapter 22 comment on 3/03/2013, 11:47am...
Jesus' comment about purchasing swords was to his disciples and about fulfilling the prophecies concerning Him, not about "bearing arms". Jesus never bore or bought arms, and the disciple who cut of the soldier's ear was rebuked and the ear was restored by Jesus. Our weapons are not CARNAL.
Dee's Luke Chapter 22 comment on 2/23/2013, 7:46pm...
May the lord Jesus give you knowledge, wisdom and understanding. That when you read these parables, it will be with great desire to build a relationship with Christ. It is not the sword in which we battle against human flesh. But with the sword of the spirit within this spiritual warfare we are in against the principalities.
Helen's Luke Chapter 22 comment on 2/06/2013, 1:19pm...
About sword control, we as believers need to read our bibles more and fill ourselves with the word. Remember Jesus’ parable about the seed where some seed fell among thorns and the care of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word and one becometh unfruitful. Sword control is not mentioned in the bible and one's concern with such matters is Carnal and the word of God is Spirit and Life. Paul said save yourselves from this untoward generation.
Jay's Luke Chapter 22 comment on 2/01/2013, 12:07pm...
On verse 50:
1. The servant of the high priest that had his ear cut off and healed by Jesus was named Malchus (John 18:10);
2. Astro-theology is the from the prince and power of the air and is the same prince that is behind sorcery, divination, witchcraft, spiritualist, mediums, mentalist, psychics, strange fires, and horror scopes, and whatever else Hollywood can put in the media to brainwash the bible ignorant people.
Larry johnson's Luke Chapter 22 comment about verse 36 on 1/25/2013, 11:28am...
I would wager that the Romans had "sword control" in Jesus' day, and yet here is our Lord telling his followers to acquire illegal weapons! I Believe he would say the same thing to us today except He would say firearm instead of sword.
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