John Chapter 19
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24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
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Matthew Henry's John Chapter 19 Bible commentary...
Christ condemned and crucified. (1-18) Christ on the cross. (19-30) His side pierced. (31-37) The burial of Jesus. (38-42)1-18 Little did Pilate think with what holy regard these sufferings of Christ would, in after-ages, be thought upon and spoken of by the best and greatest of men. Our Lord Jesus came forth, willing to be exposed to their scorn. It is good for every one with faith, to behold Christ Jesus in his sufferings. Behold him, and love him; be still looking unto Jesus. Did their hatred sharpen their endeavours against him? and shall not our love for him quicken our endeavours for him and his kingdom? Pilate seems to have thought that Jesus might be some person above the common order. Even natural conscience makes men afraid of being found fighting against God. As our Lord suffered for the sins both of Jews and Gentiles, it was a special part of the counsel of Divine Wisdom, that the Jews should first purpose his death, and the Gentiles carry that purpose into effect. Had not Christ been thus rejected of men, we had been for ever rejected of God. Now was the Son of man delivered into the hands of wicked and unreasonable men. He was led forth for us, that we might escape. He was nailed to the cross, as a Sacrifice bound to the altar. The Scripture was fulfilled; he did not die at the altar among the sacrifices, but among criminals sacrificed to public justice. And now let us pause, and with faith look upon Jesus. Was ever sorrow like unto his sorrow? See him bleeding, see him dying, see him and love him! love him, and live to him!
19-30 Here are some remarkable circumstances of Jesus' death, more fully related than before. Pilate would not gratify the chief priests by allowing the writing to be altered; which was doubtless owing to a secret power of God upon his heart, that this statement of our Lord's character and authority might continue. Many things done by the Roman soldiers were fulfilments of the prophecies of the Old Testament. All things therein written shall be fulfilled. Christ tenderly provided for his mother at his death. Sometimes, when God removes one comfort from us, he raises up another for us, where we looked not for it. Christ's example teaches all men to honour their parents in life and death; to provide for their wants, and to promote their comfort by every means in their power. Especially observe the dying word wherewith Jesus breathed out his soul. It is finished; that is, the counsels of the Father concerning his sufferings were now fulfilled. It is finished; all the types and prophecies of the Old Testament, which pointed at the sufferings of the Messiah, were accomplished. It is finished; the ceremonial law is abolished; the substance is now come, and all the shadows are done away. It is finished; an end is made of transgression by bringing in an everlasting righteousness. His sufferings were now finished, both those of his soul, and those of his body. It is finished; the work of man's redemption and salvation is now completed. His life was not taken from him by force, but freely given up.
31-37 A trial was made whether Jesus was dead. He died in less time than persons crucified commonly did. It showed that he had laid down his life of himself. The spear broke up the very fountains of life; no human body could survive such a wound. But its being so solemnly attested, shows there was something peculiar in it. The blood and water that flowed out, signified those two great benefits which all believers partake of through Christ, justification and sanctification; blood for atonement, water for purification. They both flow from the pierced side of our Redeemer. To Christ crucified we owe merit for our justification, and Spirit and grace for our sanctification. Let this silence the fears of weak Christians, and encourage their hopes; there came both water and blood out of Jesus' pierced side, both to justify and sanctify them. The Scripture was fulfilled, in Pilate's not allowing his legs to be broken, #Ps 34:20|. There was a type of this in the paschal lamb, #Ex 12:46|. May we ever look to Him, whom, by our sins, we have ignorantly and heedlessly pierced, nay, sometimes against convictions and mercies; and who shed from his wounded side both water and blood, that we might be justified and sanctified in his name.
38-42 Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Christ in secret. Disciples should openly own themselves; yet some, who in lesser trials have been fearful, in greater have been courageous. When God has work to do, he can find out such as are proper to do it. The embalming was done by Nicodemus, a secret friend to Christ, though not his constant follower. That grace which at first is like a bruised reed, may afterward resemble a strong cedar. Hereby these two rich men showed the value they had for Christ's person and doctrine, and that it was not lessened by the reproach of the cross. We must do our duty as the present day and opportunity are, and leave it to God to fulfil his promises in his own way and his own time. The grave of Jesus was appointed with the wicked, as was the case of those who suffered as criminals; but he was with the rich in his death, as prophesied, #Isa 53:9|; these two circumstances it was very unlikely should ever be united in the same person. He was buried in a new sepulchre; therefore it could not be said that it was not he, but some other that rose. We also are here taught not to be particular as to the place of our burial. He was buried in the sepulchre next at hand. Here is the Sun of Righteousness set for a while, to rise again in greater glory, and then to set no more.
Brian's John Chapter 19 comment about verse 15 on 3/09/2013, 4:39am...
the people turned to samuel and asked for their own king,the scribes and priests done the same,but think on ,even today we have our own king in our wretchedbodies,our choice except the true King,Jesus Christ.its true what Paul says,anything thats good for us we do not want,anything thats no good,we want.man has no sense.LORD i LOVE you.THANKS FOR YOUR SACRIFICE
Felicia Ofem's John Chapter 19 comment on 2/26/2013, 3:18am...
If only they knew that Jesus would rise again, they wouldn't have attempted it.
Kenneth p pitre's John Chapter 19 comment on 12/13/2012, 12:27pm...
Technically, one of the most important scriptures to thoroughly understand; for it can reveal who are false prophets, and which church is the one Jesus said the gates of hell would not prevail against it. If the Sabbath was the next day - then Jesus was crucified Friday - which according to the sign of Jonah and a scripture that reveals that a day is 24 hours reveals that Jesus contrary to the belief of practically every denomination - because they don’t do the math - was resurrected on Monday afternoon. The high Sabbath is the tale tell that one seriously seeking salvation should consider. The bible says that Jesus was crucified midweek. In 7 days midweek is wed. According to the sign of Jonah and the 24 hour day scripture reveals that Jesus was resurrected on Saturday. The Sabbath day - and although I’ve researched different studies I am a believer that God did not raise Jesus from the dead on "Easter Sunday", and did not change the Sabbath day. Note - even IF Jesus was resurrected on Sunday - the bible never declared that or anything else reason to change the Sabbath day as many denominations claim. That is ludicrous to think God in His wisdom so great that the most intelligent ever born can’t comprehend would suddenly change the Sabbath day! I ask - WHY WOULD HE ? To anyone who believes Sunday is now the new Sabbath day.
Mas's John Chapter 19 comment on 12/02/2012, 5:42am...
What you have raised is a profound study in the Bible. And just one book (John) is not enough to provide all truths that the study entails.
It has to start from the Old Testament, where one can learn the institution of Jews Passover with Moses, all events, lawful and customary that surrounded that Passover.
Yes, there were two Sabbaths involved in the events that surrounded the death and resurrection of our lord and savior Jesus Christ.
1. One is the Sabbath of Preparation of the Jews Passover in John 19:31,42. That Sabbath had nothing to do with weekdays, it was just a public holiday (Leviticus 23);
2. The second is a weekly Sabbath, spoken of in John 20:1 in the first day of the next week.
So there were 2 Sabbaths involved, and they were successive the holy proclamation (public holiday) and the normal weekly Sabbath. And resurrection took place early on the first day of the week.
I could recommend a study by Victor Paul Wierwille “Jesus Christ our Passover”.
Great to notice the accuracy of word of God.
God bless you.
Emanuel's John Chapter 19 comment about verse 31 on 12/01/2012, 10:41pm...
What about the theory that there were two separate Sabbaths days in that week, please see "centuryone [dot]com[slash]crucifixion". My question is bona fide - can anyone elaborate on this, or respond to it? Thank you.
Susan Dalton's John Chapter 19 comment about verse 30 on 10/13/2012, 7:22pm...
"It is finished." Jesus said, "...I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do." (John 17:4) The mathematic definition of work states work is done when a force acts upon an object to cause a displacement of the object. For a force to qualify as having done the work, there must be a displacement and the force must have caused the displacement. According to this definition, I can dig all day trying to get a stump out of the ground; but, if I do not displace the stump (get it out of the ground) work was not done. Satan did a work on man, and man did a work when man sinned. Man was displaced from righteousness. Jesus did a work of righteousness. He displaced man from sin, death, and hell. His work on the cross moved man from death to life; from darkness to light; from sin to righteousness. Each man has to do a work of repentance to receive the work of Christ. Without repentance, man may spend his lifetime fleeing the curse of death, yet, finding no escape of death - for he actually did no work of repentance.
Ms. M's John Chapter 19 comment on 6/12/2012, 10:57pm...
this allways make me cry when I read this.
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