John Chapter 10
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Matthew Henry's John Chapter 10 Bible commentary...
The parable of the good shepherd. (1-5) Christ the Door. (6-9) Christ the good Shepherd. (10-18) The Jews' opinion concerning Jesus. (19-21) His discourse at the feast of dedication. (22-30) The Jews attempt to stone Jesus. (31-38) He departs from Jerusalem. (39-42)1-5 Here is a parable or similitude, taken from the customs of the East, in the management of sheep. Men, as creatures depending on their Creator, are called the sheep of his pasture. The church of God in the world is as a sheep-fold, exposed to deceivers and persecutors. The great Shepherd of the sheep knows all that are his, guards them by his providence, guides them by his Spirit and word, and goes before them, as the Eastern shepherds went before their sheep, to set them in the way of his steps. Ministers must serve the sheep in their spiritual concerns. The Spirit of Christ will set before them an open door. The sheep of Christ will observe their Shepherd, and be cautious and shy of strangers, who would draw them from faith in him to fancies about him.
6-9 Many who hear the word of Christ, do not understand it, because they will not. But we shall find one scripture expounding another, and the blessed Spirit making known the blessed Jesus. Christ is the Door. And what greater security has the church of God than that the Lord Jesus is between it and all its enemies? He is a door open for passage and communication. Here are plain directions how to come into the fold; we must come in by Jesus Christ as the Door. By faith in him as the great Mediator between God and man. Also, we have precious promises to those that observe this direction. Christ has all that care of his church, and every believer, which a good shepherd has of his flock; and he expects the church, and every believer, to wait on him, and to keep in his pasture.
10-18 Christ is a good Shepherd; many who were not thieves, yet were careless in their duty, and by their neglect the flock was much hurt. Bad principles are the root of bad practices. The Lord Jesus knows whom he has chosen, and is sure of them; they also know whom they have trusted, and are sure of Him. See here the grace of Christ; since none could demand his life of him, he laid it down of himself for our redemption. He offered himself to be the Saviour; Lo, I come. And the necessity of our case calling for it, he offered himself for the Sacrifice. He was both the offerer and the offering, so that his laying down his life was his offering up himself. From hence it is plain, that he died in the place and stead of men; to obtain their being set free from the punishment of sin, to obtain the pardon of their sin; and that his death should obtain that pardon. Our Lord laid not his life down for his doctrine, but for his sheep.
19-21 Satan ruins many, by putting them out of conceit with the word and ordinances. Men would not be laughed out of their necessary food, yet suffer themselves thus to be laughed out of what is far more necessary. If our zeal and earnestness in the cause of Christ, especially in the blessed work of bringing his sheep into his fold, bring upon us evil names, let us not heed it, but remember our Master was thus reproached before us.
22-30 All who have any thing to say to Christ, may find him in the temple. Christ would make us to believe; we make ourselves doubt. The Jews understood his meaning, but could not form his words into a full charge against him. He described the gracious disposition and happy state of his sheep; they heard and believed his word, followed him as his faithful disciples, and none of them should perish; for the Son and the Father were one. Thus he was able to defend his sheep against all their enemies, which proves that he claimed Divine power and perfection equally with the Father.
31-38 Christ's works of power and mercy proclaim him to be over all, God blessed for evermore, that all may know and believe He is in the Father, and the Father in Him. Whom the Father sends, he sanctifies. The holy God will reward, and therefore will employ, none but such as he makes holy. The Father was in the Son, so that by Divine power he wrought his miracles; the Son was so in the Father, that he knew the whole of His mind. This we cannot by searching find out to perfection, but we may know and believe these declarations of Christ.
39-42 No weapon formed against our Lord Jesus shall prosper. He escaped, not because he was afraid to suffer, but because his hour was not come. And He who knew how to deliver himself, knows how to deliver the godly our of their temptations, and to make a way for them to escape. Persecutors may drive Christ and his gospel our of their own city or country, but they cannot drive him or it out of the world. When we know Christ by faith in our hearts, we find all that the Scripture saith of him is true.
Comments for John Chapter 10...
Keny's John Chapter 10 comment about verse 10 on 5/15/2013, 10:21am...
Jesus"s wish is for us to have a fulfilling and abundant life, but we can't get that if we don't come to him.
ANNE LIZ OTIENO's John Chapter 10 comment about verse 27 on 4/18/2013, 10:55pm...
John 10:27......God identify his own through their obedience, you should not accept any other voice except your father's because God honors His word. When you hear the voice of the LORD, you can not loose direction and all will be well with you with your family and friends. Hearkening to obey fully the voice of God attract favor that brings victory. When you hear the voice of God and obey you are in fellowship with God and goodness and mercy is all around you.
Martha Prince's John Chapter 10 comment on 4/07/2013, 4:57pm...
Yes it is true the Godhead is a mystery however in many scriptures Christ identifies Himself as God.
8 Philip saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us. 9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?
Revelation 22:13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
Isaiah says it best of all.
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Alan's John Chapter 10 comment about verse 30 on 3/24/2013, 9:01pm...
If Jesus is God, so who resurrected Jesus? Jesus is not God, whose name is Jehovah; but he is the Son of God. Jehovah resurrected Jesus from the dead. Romans 10:9.
Lori's John Chapter 10 comment on 3/01/2013, 2:02pm...
Yes Jesus died on the cross, but that is not where it ends. HE ROSE AGAIN (from the dead) on the third day. Unlike other "gods" that men worshipped, Jesus rose from the dead. The others are still dead. In John 10, Jesus is telling the people that He is the son of God and even though He has said and shown who He is through the works He has done in His Father's name, there will still be some who will still not believe in HIM. And, that is unfortunate. However, those that hear His voice and know Him, He will also know them before His Father in eternity and recognize them on judgment day.
Ian's John Chapter 10 comment on 1/31/2013, 8:14pm...
@Sister Linda Susan,
Jesus was called Emmanuelle (God among us). Jesus says also My Father and I are one. Jesus taught us not just by what He said but also what He did. He was teaching us to have a relationship with our heavenly Father. I can't recall what verse but Jesus also calls himself "I AM" the same name Moses is told to tell Jews who sent him. When Jesus says His sheep hear His voice he is saying that like the people in the synagogue who rejected him many people till He returns will also not understand the scripture both Old and New Testaments will be a mystery. This non understanding leads to believing in false Sabbaths and holy days (traditions of men). He warns us again about the deception many believe in Mark 7:6-9. There are two kinds of Christians Jesus says those that call him Lord prophecy, do wonders and cast out demons in his name but he won't know them. And there are the true believers who hear his voice and obey his commandments. There are articles with bible scripture proving how Satan has deceived many Christians, most wonderful people but deceived nonetheless. I urge you to pray that your eyes are opened so that the truth be revealed to you. God bless.
Paul M.'s John Chapter 10 comment about verse 36 on 1/26/2013, 1:14pm...
I've heard that in the Greek edition of the New Testament it says "I am a son of God." The King James translators put the word "the" in front of son.
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