Isaiah Chapter 5 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 Vnder the Parable of a Vineyard, God excuseth his seuere iudgement. 8 His iudgements vpon couetousnesse, 11 Vpon lasciuiousnesse, 13 Vpon impietie, 20 and vpon iniustice. 26 The executioners of Gods iudgements.
2 And hee fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a towre in the middest of it, and also made a winepresse therein: and he looked that it should bring foorth grapes, and it brought foorth wilde grapes.2
24 Therfore as the fire deuoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaffe, so their root shall be rottennes, and their blossome shall goe vp as dust: because they haue cast away the Lawe of the Lord of hosts, and despised the worde of the Holy One of Israel.24
25 Therefore is the anger of the Lord kindled against his people, and he hath stretched foorth his hande against them, and hath smitten them: and the hilles did tremble, and their carkeises were torne in the midst of the streets: for all this, his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.25
View Wesley's Notes for Isaiah Chapter 5
5:1 Now - I will record it to he a witness for God, and against you, as Moses did his song, #Deut 31:19 32:1|. To - To the Lord of the vineyard. Of my beloved - Not devised by me, but inspired by God. Vineyard - His church. Hill - Hills being places most commodious for vines.
5:2 He gathered - He removed all hindrances, and gave them all the means of fruitfulness. A tower - For the residence of the keepers.
5:6 Nor digged - Vine - dressers use to dig up and open the earth about the roots of the vines. The meaning is, I will remove my ministers, who used great care and diligence to make you fruitful. Thorns - I will give you up to your own lusts. No rain - I will deprive you of all my blessings.
5:7 Pleasant - In whom God formerly delighted. A cry - From the oppressed, crying to men for help, and to God for vengeance.
5:8 Alone - That they alone may be the lords and owners, and all others only their tenants and servants.
5:9 In mine ears - I heard God speak what I am about to utter.
5:10 One bath - Of wine. The bath contained about eight gallons. Thus an acre did not yield one gallon. An ephah - Which was of the same quantity with the bath, only the bath was the measure of liquid things, the ephah of dry things; and a ephah was the tenth part of an homer. So instead of the increase which that fruitful land commonly yielded, they should loose nine parts of their seed.
5:12 The harp - They give up themselves wholly to luxury. The work - What God hath lately done, and is yet doing, and about to do among them; his grievous judgments, partly inflicted, and partly threatened, which required another course of life.
5:13 No knowledge - No serious consideration of God's works, and of their own duty and danger. Honourable men - Who thought themselves quite out of the reach of famine.
5:14 And he - That spends all his days in mirth and jollity.
5:15 The mighty - All of them, both high and low, shall be brought to destruction.
5:16 Exalted - By the execution of this just judgment. Sanctified - Shall appear to be an holy God, by his righteous judgments.
5:17 Then - When God shall have finished that work of judgment. The lambs - The poor and harmless people, who shall be left in the land when the rich are carried into captivity. Manner - Or, by their fold, as this word is manifestly used, #Mic 2:12|, the only place of scripture, except this, in which this word is found. Waste places - The lands left by their owners. Fat ones - Of the rich and great men. Strangers - The poor Israelites, who were left to be vine - dressers and husbandmen, #2Kings 25:12|, who are called strangers, because they were so, in reference to that hand, not being the proper owners of it.
5:18 That draw - That are not only drawn to sin by the allurements of the world; but are active and illustrious in drawing sin to themselves. Cords - Or, with cords of lying, as the last word frequently signifies, with vain and deceitful arguments and pretences, whereby sinners generally draw themselves to sin. A rope - With all their might, as beasts commonly do that draw carts with ropes.
5:19 Let him - God, in whose name thou and other prophets are always threatening us. This was the plain language of their actions; they lived as if they were of this opinion. The Holy One - They scornfully repeated the title usually given by the prophets to God.
5:20 To them - That take away the difference between good and evil; that justify wicked men and things, and condemn piety, or righteous persons.
5:22 To mingle - To drink: the antecedent being put for the consequent: for they mingled it in order to drinking.
5:23 Take away - Pronounce sentence against him.
5:24 Rottenness - They shall be like a tree which not only withers in its branches, but dies and rots at the roots, therefore is past recovery. Dust - Shall be resolved into dust, and yield no fruit.
5:26 An ensign - To call them together for his service. From far - To the Chaldeans; for even Babylon is called a far country, chap.#39:3|. And he saith nations, because the Chaldean army was made up of several nations. Will hiss - Or, will whistle unto, or for them: will gather them together by his word. as shepherds gather their sheep. He intimates how easily and speedily God can do this work. From the ends - Which is not to be understood strictly, but with a latitude, from very remote places.
5:27 Nor sleep - They shall all be watchful and diligent to take all opportunities of executing my judgments. Nor latchet - I will take all impediments out of their way.
5:28 Bent - Who are every way furnished and ready for my work, waiting only for my command. Flint - Because they shall not be broken or battered by the length or stonyness and ruggedness of the way. Whirlwind - For the swiftness of their march, and for the force and violence of their chariots in battle.
5:29 Roar - Which signifies both their cruelty, and their eagerness to devour the prey.
5:30 Sorrow - Darkness; that is, sorrow; the latter word explains the former. The heavens - When they look up to the heavens, as men in distress usually do, they see no light there.
Isaiah Chapter 5 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 Iere. 2.21. mat. 21.33. mark.12.1. luke 20.9. , Heb. the horne of the sonne of oyle.
2 Or, made a wall about it. , Heb. hewed.
5 Heb. for a treading.
7 Heb. plant of his pleasures. , Heb.a scab.
9 Or, this is in mine eares saith the LORD, &c. , Heb. If not, &c.
11 Prou. 23. 29,30. , Or, pursue them.
13 Heb. their glory are men of famine.
15 Isa. 2.9. 11.17.
16 Or, the holy God. Heb. The God the holy.
20 Heb. that say concerning euill, It is good,&c.
21 Prou.3.7. rom. 12.16 , Heb. before their face.
23 Prou. 17. 15.
24 Hebr. the tongue of fire.
25 Or as doung. , Cha. 9. 11 16.21. and 10.4.
30 Or, distresse. , Or, when it is light it shalbe darke in the destructions thereof.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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