Genesis Chapter 42
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7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.
21 And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
28 And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?
38 And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
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Matthew Henry's Genesis Chapter 42 Bible commentary...
Jacob sends ten sons to buy corn. (1-6) Joseph's treatment of his brethren. (7-20) Their remorse, Simeon detained. (21-24) The rest return with corn. (25-28) Jacob refuses to send Benjamin to Egypt. (29-38)1-6 Jacob saw the corn his neighbours had bought in Egypt, and brought home. It is a spur to exertion to see others supplied. Shall others get food for their souls, and shall we starve while it is to be had? Having discovered where help is to be had, we should apply for it without delay, without shrinking from labour, or grudging expense, especially as regards our never-dying souls. There is provision in Christ; but we must come to him, and seek it from him.
7-20 Joseph was hard upon his brethren, not from a spirit of revenge, but to bring them to repentance. Not seeing his brother Benjamin, he suspected that they had made away with him, and he gave them occasion to speak of their father and brother. God, in his providence, sometimes seems harsh with those he loves, and speaks roughly to those for whom yet he has great mercy in store. Joseph settled at last, that one of them should be left, and the rest go home and fetch Benjamin. It was a very encouraging word he said to them, "I fear God;" as if he had said, You may be assured I will do you no wrong; I dare not, for I know there is one higher than I. With those that fear God, we may expect fair dealing.
21-24 The office of conscience is to bring to mind things long since said and done. When the guilt of this sin of Joseph's brethren was fresh, they made light of it, and sat down to eat bread; but now, long afterward, their consciences accused them of it. See the good of afflictions; they often prove the happy means of awakening conscience, and bringing sin to our remembrance. Also, the evil of guilt as to our brethren. Conscience now reproached them for it. Whenever we think we have wrong done us, we ought to remember the wrong we have done to others. Reuben alone remembered with comfort, that he had done what he could to prevent the mischief. When we share with others in their sufferings, it will be a comfort if we have the testimony of our consciences for us, that we did not share in their evil deeds, but in our places witnessed against them. Joseph retired to weep. Though his reason directed that he should still carry himself as a stranger, because they were not as yet humbled enough, yet natural affection could not but work.
25-28 The brethren came for corn, and corn they had: not only so, but every man had his money given back. Thus Christ, like Joseph, gives out supplies without money and without price. The poorest are invited to buy. But guilty consciences are apt to take good providences in a bad sense; to put wrong meanings even upon things that make for them.
29-38 Here is the report Jacob's sons made to their father. It troubled the good man. Even the bundles of money Joseph returned, in kindness, to his father, frightened him. He laid the fault upon his sons; knowing them, he feared they had provoked the Egyptians, and wrongfully brought home their money. Jacob plainly distrusted his sons, remembering that he never saw Joseph since he had been with them. It is bad with a family, when children behave so ill that their parents know not how to trust them. Jacob gives up Joseph for gone, and Simeon and Benjamin as in danger; and concludes, All these things are against me. It proved otherwise, that all these things were for him, were working together for his good, and the good of his family. We often think that to be against us, which is really for us. We are afflicted in body, estate, name, and in our relations; and think all these things are against us, whereas they are really working for us a weight of glory. Thus does the Lord Jesus conceal himself and his favour, thus he rebukes and chastens those for whom he has purposes of love. By sharp corrections and humbling convictions he will break the stoutness and mar the pride of the heart, and bring to true repentance. Yet before sinners fully know him, or taste that he is gracious, he consults their good, and sustains their souls, to wait for him. May we do thus, never yielding to discouragement, determining to seek no other refuge, and humbling ourselves more and more under his mighty hand. In due time he will answer our petitions, and do for us more than we can expect.
Comments for Genesis Chapter 42...
Olayinka oye's Genesis Chapter 42 comment on 1/24/2013, 10:37am...
Wow! What a wonderful transformation in Joseph's life. Only the Lord can do it. Genesis 42:8: And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him. One wonders why his brethren could not recognize him. After all, he has lived with them for seventeen years before he was sold to slavery. They ate, played and were even with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah his father's wives most of the time. If we endure and pass through the fiery furnace of trials and affliction by the time we are out, we will shine forth as gold at the end. Psalm 40:2: He brought me up out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock and established my goings.
Hemant's Genesis Chapter 42 comment on 10/06/2012, 12:51am...
“And I will give to you and to your descendants after you, the land of your temporary residence, all the land of Canaan as an eternal possession and I will be a God to them.” (Genesis 17:8) God wanted Abraham and his descendants to possess the land of Canaan eternally. It was the most fertile land chosen for his people by the God. It is like second to the Garden of Eden which had everything for man but the devil's craftiness and the man's greed made him lose the Garden of Eden. Jacob and his family were in the land of Canaan (the Promised Land) but Jacob failed to stick on the covenant of God, rather he is falling time and again. He looted his brother's rights, spoke lie to his father, married two wives and his children also falling into the trap. They master planned to kill Joseph, slew the man who wanted to marry their sister and so on. As a result the blessings of Canaan seem to be taken away. Canaan the land of honey and milk fails to produce enough even for the family of Jacob. Egypt which is barren and infertile has the blessings of God. From here what we can learn is that God can make opposite of the things. He can make nothing everything and everything nothing. That's why the word of God forewarns us that we need to be watchful all the time. That devil is not happy with what we have achieved. Be alert and of sober mind. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour (1 Peter 5:8).
Timothy Wayne George's Genesis Chapter 42 comment on 5/17/2012, 7:49am...
God is now using Joseph to discipline his brothers for the sin they have done, and also allowing the dream of Joseph to come true. This demonstrates the love that God has for us, in that while we were sinners Christ died for us. Joseph wept for his brothers, just as Jesus wept over Israel. Jacob has suffered much because of his sons, and he does not want his gray hairs to go down to the grave in sorrow because of what they have done. Be not deceived God is not mocked, for what so ever a man sows, that shall he also reap. We are told to speak the truth in love, and let every man have his own wife. The trouble in Jacob's family can be traced to being with more than one wife, and loving one more than the other, and the children of that one more than the other children. The things that happened to them are examples for us, so that we will not repeat the mistakes that they made. This is why God does not approve of multiple marriages.
Catherine Grant's Genesis Chapter 42 comment on 9/18/2011, 7:46pm...
I can relate to Joseph's Pain and weeping.
RALPH M. WATERS's Genesis Chapter 42 comment on 1/10/2011, 9:42am...
This chapter was very clear. My one observation is the use of "MISCHIEF". It kinda of make you think that JACOB knew his sons did something with JOSEPH and did not want it to happen to BENJAMIN. "JUST A THOUGHT"
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