Genesis Chapter 4
14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
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Matthew Henry's Genesis Chapter 4 Bible commentary...
The birth, employment, and religion of Cain and Abel. (1-7) Cain murders Abel, The curse of Cain. (8-15) The conduct of Cain, His family. (16-18) Lamech and his wives, The skill of Cain's descendants. (19-24) The birth of another son and grandson of Adam. (25,26)1-7 When Cain was born, Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. Perhaps she thought that this was the promised seed. If so, she was wofully disappointed. Abel signifies vanity: when she thought she had the promised seed in Cain, whose name signifies possession, she was so taken up with him that another son was as vanity to her. Observe, each son had a calling. It is the will of God for every one to have something to do in this world. Parents ought to bring up their children to work. Give them a Bible and a calling, said good Mr. Dod, and God be with them. We may believe that God commanded Adam, after the fall, to shed the blood of innocent animals, and after their death to burn part or the whole of their bodies by fire. Thus that punishment which sinners deserve, even the death of the body, and the wrath of God, of which fire is a well-known emblem, and also the sufferings of Christ, were prefigured. Observe that the religious worship of God is no new invention. It was from the beginning; it is the good old way, #Jer 6:16|. The offerings of Cain and Abel were different. Cain showed a proud, unbelieving heart. Therefore he and his offering were rejected. Abel came as a sinner, and according to God's appointment, by his sacrifice expressing humility, sincerity, and believing obedience. Thus, seeking the benefit of the new covenant of mercy, through the promised Seed, his sacrifice had a token that God accepted it. Abel offered in faith, and Cain did not, #Heb 11:4|. In all ages there have been two sorts of worshippers, such as Cain and Abel; namely, proud, hardened despisers of the gospel method of salvation, who attempt to please God in ways of their own devising; and humble believers, who draw near to him in the way he has revealed. Cain indulged malignant anger against Abel. He harboured an evil spirit of discontent and rebellion against God. God notices all our sinful passions and discontents. There is not an angry, envious, or fretful look, that escapes his observing eye. The Lord reasoned with this rebellious man; if he came in the right way, he should be accepted. Some understand this as an intimation of mercy. "If thou doest not well, sin, that is, the sin-offering, lies at the door, and thou mayest take the benefit of it." The same word signifies sin, and a sacrifice for sin. "Though thou hast not done well, yet do not despair; the remedy is at hand." Christ, the great sin-offering, is said to stand at the door, #Re 3:20|. And those well deserve to perish in their sins, that will not go to the door to ask for the benefit of this sin-offering. God's acceptance of Abel's offering did not change the birthright, and make it his; why then should Cain be so angry? Sinful heats and disquiets vanish before a strict and fair inquiry into the cause.
8-15 Malice in the heart ends in murder by the hands. Cain slew Abel, his own brother, his own mother's son, whom he ought to have loved; his younger brother, whom he ought to have protected; a good brother, who had never done him any wrong. What fatal effects were these of our first parents' sin, and how must their hearts have been filled with anguish! Observe the pride, unbelief, and impenitence of Cain. He denies the crime, as if he could conceal it from God. He tries to cover a deliberate murder with a deliberate lie. Murder is a crying sin. Blood calls for blood, the blood of the murdered for the blood of the murderer. Who knows the extent and weight of a Divine curse, how far it reaches, how deep it pierces? Only in Christ are believers saved from it, and inherit the blessing. Cain was cursed from the earth. He found his punishment there where he chose his portion, and set his heart. Every creature is to us what God makes it, a comfort or a cross, a blessing or a curse. The wickedness of the wicked brings a curse upon all they do, and all they have. Cain complains not of his sin, but of his punishment. It shows great hardness of heart to be more concerned about our sufferings than our sins. God has wise and holy ends in prolonging the lives even of very wicked men. It is in vain to inquire what was the mark set upon Cain. It was doubtless known, both as a brand of infamy on Cain, and a token from God that they should not kill him. Abel, being dead, yet speaketh. He tells the heinous guilt of murder, and warns us to stifle the first risings of wrath, and teaches us that persecution must be expected by the righteous. Also, that there is a future state, and an eternal recompence to be enjoyed, through faith in Christ and his atoning sacrifice. And he tells us the excellency of faith in the atoning sacrifice and blood of the Lamb of God. Cain slew his brother, because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous, #1Jo 3:12|. In consequence of the enmity put between the Seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, the war broke out, which has been waged ever since. In this war we are all concerned, none are neuter; our Captain has declared, He that is not with me is against me. Let us decidedly, yet in meekness, support the cause of truth and righteousness against Satan.
16-18 Cain cast off all fear of God, and attended no more on God's ordinances. Hypocritical professors, who dissemble and trifle with God, are justly left to themselves to do something grossly scandalous. So they throw off that form of godliness to which they have been a reproach, and of which they deny the power. Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and we never find that he came into it again, to his comfort. The land Cain dwelt in was called the land of Nod, which means, 'shaking,' or 'trembling,' and so shows the restlessness and uneasiness of his own spirit, or 'the land of a vagabond:' they that depart from God cannot find rest any where else. Those on earth who looked for the heavenly city, chose to dwell in tabernacles or tents; but Cain, as not minding that city, built one on earth. Thus all who are cursed of God seek their settlement and satisfaction here below.
19-24 One of Cain's wicked race is the first recorded, as having broken the law of marriage. Hitherto, one man had but one wife at a time; but Lamech took two. Wordly things, are the only things that carnal, wicked people set their hearts upon, and are most clever and industrious about. So it was with this race of Cain. Here was a father of shepherds, and a father of musicians, but not a father of the faithful. Here is one to teach about brass and iron, but none to teach the good knowledge of the Lord: here are devices how to be rich, and how to be mighty, and how to be merry; but nothing of God, of his fear and service. Present things fill the heads of most. Lamech had enemies, whom he had provoked. He draws a comparison betwixt himself and his ancestor Cain; and flatters himself that he is much less criminal. He seems to abuse the patience of God in sparing Cain, into an encouragement to expect that he may sin unpunished.
25,26 Our first parents were comforted in their affliction by the birth of a son, whom they called Seth, that is, 'set,' 'settled,' or 'placed;' in his seed mankind should continue to the end of time, and from him the Messiah should descend. While Cain, the head of the apostacy, is made a wanderer, Seth, from whom the true church was to come, is one fixed. In Christ and his church is the only true settlement. Seth walked in the steps of his martyred brother Abel; he was a partaker of like precious faith in the righteousness of our God and Saviour Jesus Christ, and so became a fresh witness of the grace and influence of God the Holy Spirit. God gave Adam and Eve to see the revival of religion in their family. The worshippers of God began to do more in religion; some, by an open profession of true religion, protested against the wickedness of the world around. The worse others are, the better we should be, and the more zealous. Then began the distinction between professors and profane, which has been kept up ever since, and will be, while the world stands.
Evangelist Chatauna Robinson's Genesis Chapter 4 comment on 10/20/2014, 7:37am...
Part 2 of 2 This is a very true story. There was a preacher who committed adultery in the church with a married woman. This was not the first woman that he had in the church. This was the woman that broke the straw on the camel s back. He was lying on his death bed with cancer of the **. They prayed for him that God would raise him up. God told one minister, I will not raise him. She stopped praying. The preacher looked at her face and bowed his head. He died. There comes a point when God says enough is enough. God had enough of him taking advantage of his position and making a mockery out of the word of God.
Evangelist Chatauna Robinson's Genesis Chapter 4 comment on 10/20/2014, 7:35am...
Part 1 of 2 Hello James Mbuga Yes, but what happens when death comes? What happens when grace runs out for you? Hebrews 9 27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment What happens to sow a man soweth that shall he also reap? Cain was immediately punished for what he done. There is a point in time when God will say enough is enough and let punishment take its course. Romans 12 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath for it is written, Vengeance is mine I will repay, saith the Lord . The beauty about the Grace Age is that we are allowed a chance to repent before it is too late. However, once your time comes, whether it is through death or reaping what you have sown, punishment, vengeance, or retribution for you have done comes. Can God forgive you after you realize your mistake, yes he can, the question is will he?
James Mbuga's Genesis Chapter 4 comment about verse 7 on 10/19/2014, 11:39pm...
The Lord compliments the good done but goes ahead to present an option to exercise free will with consequences though.I still believe Cain like any of us experienced contention which ultimately makes God who He is,Forgiving Father.
Evangelist Chatauna Robinson's Genesis Chapter 4 comment on 10/18/2014, 7:26am...
In addition to my 3 part response, I stated earlier in writing that we can deduce that Eve had girls. Remember in the beginning there were only Adam and Eve, until they were kicked out of the Garden. This is when they started to be fruitful and multiply. How else was Cain and Seth able to get married and produce off spring? I do not know why women were not mention in the beginning to the Bible. I just would like to think that the main people that they wanted us to focus on were the ones that were written because they had something to do with the beginning of mankind. After the flood the world was populated by Noah s three sons. . In Genesis 9 18 19 And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth and Ham is the father of Canaan. These are the three sons of Noah and of them was the whole earth overspread .
Evangelist Chatauna Robinson's Genesis Chapter 4 comment on 10/18/2014, 7:13am...
Part 3 of 3 On faith I believe God s word. Because I have followed Acts 2 38 because of God s mercy and grace shown unto me, I know that what I am in is real and the truth is God s word. John 17 17 Sanctify them through thy truth thy word is truth . So I did not have to be there, I just believe that what I am reading, the understanding that I have, the lesson that I have learned under Holy Ghost filled men and women, the teaching that the Holy Ghost who was sent back in Jesus Christ name has given me, is real and factual.
Evangelist Chatauna Robinson's Genesis Chapter 4 comment on 10/18/2014, 7:12am...
Part 2 of 3 I stated that the scripture Genesis 4 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD . Adam had already known his wife, not sexually but he knew of her existence because she came from his rib and he named her. So this word knew in Genesis 4 1 is referring to a sexual encounter. After this she bared him a son. If you read Genesis 4 25, the scripture reads again with the word knew and Eve had Seth. One can deduce that the way the scriptures are written that this is the chronological order in which things happened. Especially, because after something was created it gave stated, first day, second day, third day, etc. I suggest that you read the creation.
Evangelist Chatauna Robinson's Genesis Chapter 4 comment on 10/18/2014, 7:12am...
Part 1 of 3 Hello Sam I appreciate your questions, but you apparently did not read what I have written. No one has stated that Adam and Eve knew each other in a sexual way inside of the garden. They were in a state of innocence until they ate off of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. They did not know that they were even naked. God did not leave them in the garden he kicked them out after the curses were handed down. Now that man was aware of good and evil, God did not want him to eat off of the tree of Life and live forever, Genesis 3 22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever .
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