Genesis Chapter 22
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2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.
3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.
13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
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Matthew Henry's Genesis Chapter 22 Bible commentary...
God commands Abraham to offer up Isaac. (1,2) Abraham's faith and obedience to the Divine command. (3-10) Another sacrifice is provided instead of Isaac. (11-14) The covenant with Abraham renewed. (15-19) The family of Nahor. (20-24)1,2 We never are secure from trials In Hebrew, to tempt, and to try, or to prove, are expressed by the same word. Every trial is indeed a temptation, and tends to show the dispositions of the heart, whether holy or unholy. But God proved Abraham, not to draw him to sin, as Satan tempts. Strong faith is often exercised with strong trials, and put upon hard services. The command to offer up his son, is given in such language as makes the trial more grievous; every word here is a sword. Observe, 1. The person to be offered: Take thy son; not thy bullocks and thy lambs. How willingly would Abraham have parted with them all to redeem Isaac! Thy son; not thy servant. Thine only son; thine only son by Sarah. Take Isaac, that son whom thou lovest. 2. The place: three days' journey off; so that Abraham might have time to consider, and might deliberately obey. 3. The manner: Offer him fro a burnt-offering; not only kill his son, his Isaac, but kill him as a sacrifice; kill him with all that solemn pomp and ceremony, with which he used to offer his burnt-offerings.
3-10 Never was any gold tried in so hot a fire. Who but Abraham would not have argued with God? Such would have been the thought of a weak heart; but Abraham knew that he had to do with a God, even Jehovah. Faith had taught him not to argue, but to obey. He is sure that what God commands is good; that what he promises cannot be broken. In matters of God, whoever consults with flesh and blood, will never offer up his Isaac to God. The good patriarch rises early, and begins his sad journey. And now he travels three days, and Isaac still is in his sight! Misery is made worse when long continued. The expression, We will come again to you, shows that Abraham expected that Isaac, being raised from the dead, would return with him. It was a very affecting question that Isaac asked him, as they were going together: "My father," said Isaac; it was a melting word, which, one would think, should strike deeper in the heart of Abraham, than his knife could in the heart of Isaac. Yet he waits for his son's question. Then Abraham, where he meant not, prophesies: "My son, God will provide a lamb for a burnt-offering." The Holy Spirit, by his mouth, seems to predict the Lamb of God, which he has provided, and which taketh away the sin of the world. Abraham lays the wood in order for his Isaac's funeral pile, and now tells him the amazing news: Isaac, thou art the lamb which God has provided! Abraham, no doubt, comforting him with the same hopes with which he himself by faith was comforted. Yet it is necessary that the sacrifice be bound. The great Sacrifice, which, in the fulness of time, was to be offered up, must be bound, and so must Isaac. This being done, Abraham takes the knife, and stretches out his hand to give the fatal blow. Here is an act of faith and obedience, which deserves to be a spectacle to God, angels, and men. God, by his providence, calls us to part with an Isaac sometimes, and we must do it with cheerful submission to his holy will, #1Sa 3:18|.
11-14 It was not God's intention that Isaac should actually be sacrificed, yet nobler blood than that of animals, in due time, was to be shed for sin, even the blood of the only begotten Son of God. But in the mean while God would not in any case have human sacrifices used. Another sacrifice is provided. Reference must be had to the promised Messiah, the blessed Seed. Christ was sacrificed in our stead, as this ram instead of Isaac, and his death was our discharge. And observe, that the temple, the place of sacrifice, was afterwards built upon this same mount Moriah; and Calvary, where Christ was crucified, was near. A new name was given to that place, for the encouragement of all believers, to the end of the world, cheerfully to trust in God, and obey him. Jehovah-jireh, the Lord will provide; probably alluding to what Abraham had said, God will provide himself a lamb. The Lord will always have his eye upon his people, in their straits and distresses, that he may give them seasonable help.
15-19 There are high declarations of God's favour to Abraham in this confirmation of the covenant with him, exceeding any he had yet been blessed with. Those that are willing to part with any thing for God, shall have it made up to them with unspeakable advantage. The promise, ver. #18|, doubtless points at the Messiah, and the grace of the gospel. Hereby we know the loving-kindness of God our Saviour towards sinful man, in that he hath not withheld his Son, his only Son, from us. Hereby we perceive the love of Christ, in that he gave himself a sacrifice for our sins. Yet he lives, and calls to sinners to come to him, and partake of his blood-bought salvation. He calls to his redeemed people to rejoice in him, and to glorify him. What then shall we render for all his benefits? Let his love constrain us to live not to ourselves, but to Him who died for us, and rose again. Admiring and adoring His grace, let us devote our all to his service, who laid down his life for our salvation. Whatever is dearest to us upon earth is our Isaac. And the only way for us to find comfort in an earthly thing, is to give it by faith into the hands of God. Yet remember that Abraham was not justified by his readiness to obey, but by the infinitely more noble obedience of Jesus Christ; his faith receiving this, relying on this, rejoicing in this, disposed and made him able for such wonderful self-denial and duty.
20-24 This chapter ends with some account of Nahor's family, who had settled at Haran. This seems to be given for the connexion which it had with the church of God. From thence Isaac and Jacob took wives; and before the account of those events this list is recorded. It shows that though Abraham saw his own family highly honoured with privileges, admitted into covenant, and blessed with the assurance of the promise, yet he did not look with disdain upon his relations, but was glad to hear of the increase and welfare of their families.
Mike's Genesis Chapter 22 comment on 4/19/2013, 9:20am...
FAITH BEYOND COMPARE!!!!
Anand paul's Genesis Chapter 22 comment on 3/03/2013, 9:53am...
Our God is the awesome God.
James Jabez Amamoo's Genesis Chapter 22 comment on 1/20/2013, 2:43am...
In simplicity God demands the most treasured thing we have. To Abraham it was his son. His attention and everything centered on him. The fascinating thing was that he was prepared to let it go and cling to God rather than clinging to Isaac and let God go. God does not demand our excesses, he demands our last. In the temple, during offering Jesus said the widow who gave two pence gave more than all. The widow that fed Elijah gave her all to die. Are we Christians of this age prepared to let go of what we treasure most and cling to him?
JosephS's Genesis Chapter 22 comment on 1/11/2013, 1:24pm...
The beauty of this is the image and parallel between Abraham taking is son along with him for three days, how he would have longed/pained in his heart, the total silence from God after first command to sacrifice, this signifies the travel to Mount of olives by Jesus and all night in Prayer with blood as sweat (to become something accursed is really hard for a holy God, he had to become accursed as he began to bear our sins) = First trip with the "the young men, asses and carrying the wood for sacrifice, travel to place of sacrifice, the painful three days journey by Abraham". When reaching and starting on their own with wood on Isaac's shoulder = Jesus carrying the wood of the cross up to Golgotha, the mount Calvary. When Abraham bound up Isaac = Jesus being nailed on the cross for our iniquities, the knife that was ready plunge (Isaac would have cried "father...father") = "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachathani", the ram that was caught in the thicket behind and sacrificed in place of Isaac = Jesus (God the father not withholding His only begotten Son). John 3:16, For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life". Praise be to God, He sacrificed His Son for me (us) a wretched sinner. Glory to your Name, Abba Father.
Wisdom Doamekpor's Genesis Chapter 22 comment about verse 2 on 1/02/2013, 9:51am...
Faith challenging. Excellent !
Edmore kasongo's Genesis Chapter 22 comment on 11/13/2012, 3:20am...
Abraham's action taught me to trust God always, for he always fulfils all his promises.
Rhonda's Genesis Chapter 22 comment on 11/04/2012, 5:45pm...
I have to admit I am a beginner in reading the bible so I still have some spiritual work that needs to be done within me... I was sitting on the edge of my seat reading in almost awe to why would God have Abraham slay his son but he didn't and as I read along I get a bit more of an understanding and also in reading everyone else’s comments I am growing more understanding.
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