Genesis Chapter 17
23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
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Matthew Henry's Genesis Chapter 17 Bible commentary...
God renews the covenant with Abram. (1-6) Circumcision instituted. (7-14) Sarai's name changed, Isaac promised. (15-22) Abraham and his family are circumcised. (23-27)1-6 The covenant was to be accomplished in due time. The promised Seed was Christ, and Christians in him. And all who are of faith are blessed with faithful Abram, being partakers of the same covenant blessings. In token of this covenant his name was changed from Abram, "a high father," to Abraham, "the father of a multitude." All that the Christian world enjoys, it is indebted for to Abraham and his Seed.
7-14 The covenant of grace is from everlasting in the counsels of it, and to everlasting in the consequences of it. The token of the covenant was circumcision. It is here said to be the covenant which Abraham and his seed must keep. Those who will have the Lord to be to them a God, must resolve to be to him a people. Not only Abraham and Isaac, and his posterity by Isaac, were to be circumcised, but also Ishmael and the bond-servants. It sealed not only the covenant of the land of Canaan to Isaac's posterity, but of heaven, through Christ, to the whole church of God. The outward sign is for the visible church; the inward seal of the Spirit is peculiar to those whom God knows to be believers, and he alone can know them. The religious observance of this institution was required, under a very severe penalty. It is dangerous to make light of Divine institutions, and to live in the neglect of them. The covenant in question was one that involved great blessings for the world in all future ages. Even the blessedness of Abraham himself, and all the rewards conferred upon him, were for Christ's sake. Abraham was justified, as we have seen, not by his own righteousness, but by faith in the promised Messiah.
15-22 Here is the promise made to Abraham of a son by Sarai, in whom the promise made to him should be fulfilled. The assurance of this promise was the change of Sarai's name into Sarah. Sarai signifies my princess, as if her honour were confined to one family only; Sarah signifies a princess. The more favours God confers upon us, the more low we should be in our own eyes. Abraham showed great joy; he laughed, it was a laughter of delight, not of distrust. Now it was that Abraham rejoiced to see Christ's day; now he saw it and was glad, #Joh 8:56|. Abraham, dreading lest Ishmael should be abandoned and forsaken of God, put up a petition on his behalf. God gives us leave in prayer to be particular in making known our requests. Whatever is our care and fear, should be spread before God in prayer. It is the duty of parents to pray for their children, and the great thing we should desire is, that they may be kept in covenant with Him, and may have grace to walk before him in uprightness. Common blessings are secured to Ishmael. Outward good things are often given to those children of godly parents who are born after the flesh, for their parents' sake. Covenant blessings are reserved for Isaac, and appropriated to him.
23-27 Abraham and all his family were circumcised; so receiving the token of the covenant, and distinguishing themselves from other families that had no part nor lot in the matter. It was an implicit obedience; he did as God said unto him, and did not ask why or wherefore. He did it because God bade him. It was a speedy obedience; in the self-same day. Sincere obedience makes no delay. Not only the doctrines of revelation, but the seals of God's covenant, remind us that we are guilty, polluted sinners. They show us our need of the blood of atonement; they point to the promised Saviour, and teach us to exercise faith in him. They show us that without regeneration, and sanctification by his Spirit, and the mortification of our corrupt and carnal inclinations, we cannot be in covenant with God. But let us remember that the true circumcision is that of the heart, by the Spirit, #Ro 2:28,29|. Both under the old and new dispensation, many have had the outward profession, and the outward seal, who were never sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise.
Ricky Dehaney's Genesis Chapter 17 comment on 11/17/2014, 1:38am...
It is useful to read stories like this from the old testament but we must always realize that the old testament is God 's old agreement with man. The new testament is the book that should prioritized.I also find that the hereditary privileges given in the Old Testament a bit unfair and outdated in the 21st century. What I l love about Christianity is that greatness is often achieved not by natural birthright but by spiritual birthright. "You must be born again " .
Joseph's Genesis Chapter 17 comment on 8/04/2014, 1:28pm...
If you are a Christian, you should know you are a 'spiritual jew ' and it is in your own interest to obey the word of God and not try to raise your culture and tradition against the Word of God. Circumcision is a mark of covenant relationship with God only for all males . Obedience is always better than sacrifice! Also, one thing i learnt from the life of Abraham was that He was always hasty and prompt to OBEY the Word of God, not to seek opinion from people who are ungodly, unlearned in Scriptures, spiritually ignorant. Anytime we seek man 's opinion when the Word of God is revealed to us, we are looking for trouble as Satan is there to tempt us from questioning God and His Word. Our obedience to God and His Word must not be based on feelings or emotions but grace to obey and to do it promptly. Those promoting and supporting same sex in some 'liberal churches ' started from a point in delaying to obey the Word of God and the tempter is consuming them through lust etc. PSALM 119 60 'I made haste, and delayed not to keep thy commandments. ' The Lord give us grace to obey His word promptly.
Lemay's Genesis Chapter 17 comment about verse 23 on 5/26/2014, 10:29am...
Why did Abraham buy those men in his house.
Akosua's Genesis Chapter 17 comment on 4/24/2014, 10:35am...
It 's by the Grace of God that Abraham was able to circumcise at that age.No wonder God called him Faithful.
Ar's Genesis Chapter 17 comment on 3/11/2014, 5:15pm...
I know that if the family is jewish according to the Jewish Law the child must be circumcised But if they are Christian no Please see for this Galatians Chapter5 2 7 what Paul says about this subject In any way it s the parent s decision for cleanliness reason too God bless the baby and all of you
Sherri Houchins's Genesis Chapter 17 comment about verse 14 on 3/11/2014, 12:06pm...
I totally agree with circumsicion but I have a a 30 day old grandson who is not circumcised yet His mother says she does not believe and does not have the money to circumcise Although our family have offered to pay 300 she does not want to take the money I do believe in circumcise For the male child more cleanliness less to deal with as the reach manhood
Ar's Genesis Chapter 17 comment on 2/08/2014, 3:12pm...
Yes God always keeps His word promise prophesy He did make a great nation from Ishmael But He promised one Covenant through the seed of Isaac and that will be an everlasting Covenant See verses 19 and 21 of same chapter Also He blessed Sarah and made her mother of Nations
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