Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1

  • Brother William
    Who shall ascend the hill of the Lord? He who has clean hands and a pure heart. Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor sits in the seat of the scornful. For his delight is in the law of the Lord, and in the law of the Lord he does meditate day and night. The ungodly are not so, but are as the chaff which the wind drives away.
  • Brother William
    Read Matthew 24, then 2 Peter 2, 2Timothy 3, Jude, Psalm 1, Isaiah 1, Jeremiah 5, for a start.
  • Hector
    To Word, In Job 38:4 God is speaking to Job, "WHERE WERE YOU when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell me, if you know so much." If Job wasn't there when God created the earth, then you and I and all the souls your talking about were not present either! God is speaking to the Angels.
  • Bill
    Robert, I suggest that you begin my asking God to guide you and thanking him for doing it. You can start by simply reading scripture, but I would recommend listening to good messages from faithful sources too. God bless
  • Robert
    I am new to real bible study. I was raised a Catholic but dropped out in high school. Under Catholicism in my embryonic years having Mortal sins was a road to Hell if u did not confess. So although I still pray I am not a church goer and feel that I am doomed because divorce ended my marriage. Seeing worldly events develope I am scared to death for all, esp. my family. How do I even start!!!
  • Irene123
    To Susan on the trinity - Deut. 4:35; Isa. 42:8; 43:11; 44:6l v. 8; 45: 5-6, v. 15, 18-22; 46:9; 48: 11-12; Jn. 17:3; Deut. 6:4; Col. 1:19; 2:9. In reading all these in the O.T. remember the Israelites were MONOTHEISTIC. Jesus was a Jew; His message was to His people. Had He been a 2nd person in the trinity - then God made His people believe a lie in the O.T.

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