Genesis 1:2

“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

King James Version (KJV)

Other Translations

And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe: and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.
- King James Version (1611) - View 1611 Bible Scan

The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
- New American Standard Version (1995)

And the earth was waste and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- American Standard Version (1901)

And the earth was waste and without form; and it was dark on the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God was moving on the face of the waters.
- Basic English Bible

And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- Darby Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
- Webster's Bible

Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God's Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.
- World English Bible

the earth hath existed waste and void, and darkness [is] on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God fluttering on the face of the waters,
- Youngs Literal Bible

Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible

Bible commentary

Wesley's Notes for Genesis 1:2


1:2 Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover. 1. A chaos was the first matter. 'Tis here called the earth, (tho' the earth, properly taken, was not made 'till the third day, #Ge 1:10|) because it did most resemble that which was afterwards called earth, a heavy unwieldy mass. 'Tis also called the deep, both for its vastness, and because the waters which were afterwards separated from the earth were now mixed with it. This mighty bulk of matter was it, out of which all bodies were afterwards produced. The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace. This chaos, was without form and void. Tohu and Bohu, confusion and emptiness, so those words are rendered, #Isa 34:11|. 'Twas shapeless, 'twas useless, 'twas without inhabitants, without ornaments; the shadow or rough draught of things to come. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. And darkness was upon the face of the deep - God did not create this darkness, (as he is said to create the darkness of affliction, #Isa 45:7|.) for it was only the want of light. 2. The Spirit of God was the first Mover; He moved upon the face of the waters - He moved upon the face of the deep, as the hen gathereth her chicken under her wings, and hovers over them, to warm and cherish them, #Mt 23:37 as the eagle stirs up her nest|, and fluttereth over her young, ('tis the same word that is here used) #Deut 32:11|.


Discussion for Genesis 1

  • KUMAH KWESI SOLOMON
    I WANT TO TALK ABOUT CHAPTER1:26; WHEN GOD SAID LET US MAKE MAN IN OUR IMAGE,AFTER OUR LIKENESS: AND LET THEM HAVE DOMINION.RIGHT FROM DAY 1 GOD PUT MAN IN CHARGE AND GAVE HIM POWER TO RULE.TILL SIN CAME THERE MAN BECOME POWERLESS.THEREFORE LET US AVOID SIN TO BE POWERFUL AGAIN IN JESUS NAME.IT DOES NOT MATTER ABOUT YOUR SITUATION THERE IS POWER INVESTED IN YOU.AMEN.
  • Michael C.
    Adam and his wife were driven from the garden, because what they did to their character and nature by sinning, made them unfit for the presence of God. God made life on earth, male and female; God identifies Himself in the masculine, but is Spirit: "That which is of the earth, is earthy...there is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body." They do not marry in heaven, but are like the angels.
  • Leonard
    ...adam and eve were "exiled" because they were tempted to "be as gods" and because they knew good and evil,"lest he now put forth his hand and take also from the tree of life"
  • Michael C.
    Candace, The image and likeness of God is His character and nature, and about our being replications of Him in our conduct and course in life, according to His words. An excellent teaching on this is the Sermon on the mount (Mt 5-7). Sin has calloused over our conscience, and distorted our perception of good and evil. God gives us commandments because He is the Author of life, and He knows all!
  • Peter
    to Candace Kim; hi Finally, and the sex doesn't matter except from a human aspect.
    Hope you are well and that they will allow these responses as one alone is too short as they only allow so many characters. Enjoy the day and tomorrow and forever.
  • Peter
    Would God really exile his people because they ate from a tree? What can I say? My research is that it was not an apple tree; and there was a reason that Adam and Eve clothed theirselves after; for then there was an image of less pure, I can say, and that was the beginning of man thinking for himself. There was a reason why there was also a tree of life; and via of that tree, we etc....

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