Galatians Chapter 4
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Matthew Henry's Galatians Chapter 4 Bible commentary...
The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. (8-11) The apostle reasons against following false teachers. (12-18) He expresses his earnest concern for them. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. (21-31)1-7 The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. They could not fully understand the meaning of the law as given by Moses. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. We learn the happier state of Christians under the gospel dispensation. From these verses see the wonders of Divine love and mercy; particularly of God the Father, in sending his Son into the world to redeem and save us; of the Son of God, in submitting so low, and suffering so much for us; and of the Holy Spirit, in condescending to dwell in the hearts of believers, for such gracious purposes. Also, the advantages Christians enjoy under the gospel. Although by nature children of wrath and disobedience, they become by grace children of love, and partake of the nature of the children of God; for he will have all his children resemble him. Among men the eldest son is heir; but all God's children shall have the inheritance of eldest sons. May the temper and conduct of sons ever show our adoption; and may the Holy Spirit witness with our spirits that we are children and heirs of God.
8-11 The happy change whereby the Galatians were turned from idols to the living God, and through Christ had received the adoption of sons, was the effect of his free and rich grace; they were laid under the greater obligation to keep to the liberty wherewith he had made them free. All our knowledge of God begins on his part; we know him because we are known of him. Though our religion forbids idolatry, yet many practise spiritual idolatry in their hearts. For what a man loves most, and cares most for, that is his god: some have their riches for their god, some their pleasures, and some their lusts. And many ignorantly worship a god of their own making; a god made all of mercy and no justice. For they persuade themselves that there is mercy for them with God, though they repent not, but go on in their sins. It is possible for those who have made great professions of religion, to be afterwards drawn aside from purity and simplicity. And the more mercy God has shown, in bringing any to know the gospel, and the liberties and privileges of it, the greater their sin and folly in suffering themselves to be deprived of them. Hence all who are members of the outward church should learn to fear and to suspect themselves. We must not be content because we have some good things in ourselves. Paul fears lest his labour is in vain, yet he still labours; and thus to do, whatever follows, is true wisdom and the fear of God. This every man must remember in his place and calling.
12-18 The apostle desires that they would be of one mind with him respecting the law of Moses, as well as united with him in love. In reproving others, we should take care to convince them that our reproofs are from sincere regard to the honour of God and religion and their welfare. The apostle reminds the Galatians of the difficulty under which he laboured when he first came among them. But he notices, that he was a welcome messenger to them. Yet how very uncertain are the favour and respect of men! Let us labour to be accepted of God. You once thought yourselves happy in receiving the gospel; have you now reason to think otherwise? Christians must not forbear speaking the truth, for fear of offending others. The false teachers who drew the Galatians from the truth of the gospel were designing men. They pretended affection, but they were not sincere and upright. An excellent rule is given. It is good to be zealous always in a good thing; not for a time only, or now and then, but always. Happy would it be for the church of Christ, if this zeal was better maintained.
19,20 The Galatians were ready to account the apostle their enemy, but he assures them he was their friend; he had the feelings of a parent toward them. He was in doubt as to their state, and was anxious to know the result of their present delusions. Nothing is so sure a proof that a sinner has passed into a state of justification, as Christ being formed in him by the renewal of the Holy Spirit; but this cannot be hoped for, while men depend on the law for acceptance with God.
21-27 The difference between believers who rested in Christ only, and those who trusted in the law, is explained by the histories of Isaac and Ishmael. These things are an allegory, wherein, beside the literal and historical sense of the words, the Spirit of God points out something further. Hagar and Sarah were apt emblems of the two different dispensations of the covenant. The heavenly Jerusalem, the true church from above, represented by Sarah, is in a state of freedom, and is the mother of all believers, who are born of the Holy Spirit. They were by regeneration and true faith, made a part of the true seed of Abraham, according to the promise made to him.
28-31 The history thus explained is applied. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free. If the privileges of all believers were so great, according to the new covenant, how absurd for the Gentile converts to be under that law, which could not deliver the unbelieving Jews from bondage or condemnation! We should not have found out this allegory in the history of Sarah and Hagar, if it had not been shown to us, yet we cannot doubt it was intended by the Holy Spirit. It is an explanation of the subject, not an argument in proof of it. The two covenants of works and grace, and legal and evangelical professors, are shadowed forth. Works and fruits brought forth in a man's own strength, are legal. But if arising from faith in Christ, they are evangelical. The first covenant spirit is of bondage unto sin and death. The second covenant spirit is of liberty and freedom; not liberty to sin, but in and unto duty. The first is a spirit of persecution; the second is a spirit of love. Let those professors look to it, who have a violent, harsh, imposing spirit, towards the people of God. Yet as Abraham turned aside to Hagar, so it is possible a believer may turn aside in some things to the covenant of works, when through unbelief and neglect of the promise he acts according to the law, in his own strength; or in a way of violence, not of love, towards the brethren. Yet it is not his way, not his spirit to do so; hence he is never at rest, till he returns to his dependence on Christ again. Let us rest our souls on the Scriptures, and by a gospel hope and cheerful obedience, show that our conversation and treasure are indeed in heaven.
Comments for Galatians Chapter 4...
R. D. Mattock's Galatians Chapter 4 comment on 3/24/2013, 12:46pm...
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. I AM REDEEMED, Iíve been REDEEMED by the BLOOD OF JESUS CHRIST THE RIGHTEOUS. Redemption: Purchasing the slave; Christ purchased the sinner in the market place. The original Greek means that HE CAME OUT OF HIS WAY, WALKED INTO THE MARKET PLACE WHERE SLAVES WERE BEING SOLD AND WENT IN A BOUGHT THAT SLAVE FOR HIMSELF. I mean that Jesus said Father, I am going down on earth, let me disrobe myself, let me remove all the Glory, I am going to lay down my life for them, I am going to pay the price for them. I am going to redeemed them. I am going to go to the market place and I am going to pay the price for the slave. ďThou shalt call His Name Jesus, for He shall save His people from their sins.Ē The Greek word there comes from the word SATARIEA. Which means Salvation. In other words I just didnít come to wipe your sins out, but I came to heal your body, to deliver you and to set you free.
HARRY ALLISON's Galatians Chapter 4 comment on 8/05/2012, 7:00am...
I get it!now to live it.....GRACE (with GRATITUDE) is the only way.not law....LIFE is in THE "BLOOD".,of JESUS.
Timothy Wayne George's Galatians Chapter 4 comment on 3/29/2012, 8:10am...
Paul tells the Galatians have I become your enemy because I tell you the truth. We as ministers are to speak the truth in love, and while we sometimes make enemies of the people that we speak to, it is the truth that sets men free. The Galatian Church received Paul as an angel of God,and Paul faithfully preached the word of God to them with his weakness in the flesh. How the churches need to do that to those who have disabilities. My church voted to close down in 2008 after the pastor passed away, and due to my disability I was left without church to minister to. God be praised while I am disabled, the Gospel is not disabled, and the truth that sets men free continues to go out. We are the children of the free woman, and not the bond woman. So we must glorify God is our body, and wait for the blessed hope the glorious coming of our Lord Jesus Christ who shall change our vile bodies. We shall see him as he is, and we shall be like him.
ELIZABETH TAYLOR's Galatians Chapter 4 comment on 11/19/2011, 7:53am...
what a wonderful promise in galatians..we are no longer sons and daughters of the bond woman but of the free woman.. We should no longer be enslaved by sin, but be freed through Jesus Christ who loved us and gave himself for us. What a saccrifice .
Jessica's Galatians Chapter 4 comment on 10/29/2011, 9:25am...
at the beginning it says that an heir is like a servant under tutors and govenors until it is time for him to rule. so i feel like it is saying we must still work for the furtherence of Gods kingdom. learning under our pastors, studying the word, fasting, and praying, and then take what we learn and teach others through our actions words and deeds always giving God the glory, until we are called up into heaven with Him. but i think it is works that the ppl had to do under the law that we are free from. like no more animal sacrifices because Jesus was the ultimate sacrifice and things like that that we are not to do any longer.
Ben Weaver's Galatians Chapter 4 comment about verse 30 on 11/22/2010, 8:47pm...
Apparently we are to cast our our human attempts to bring about God's promises, because our well-meant worldly religious endeavors will not bring about God's life in us like Jesus does. We cannot be an overcomer on our own and God usually does not automatically change us, but only we can apply to our lives that which only Jesus could have made available for us. He that has the Son has life (otherwise/otherwise) (1 Jn. 5:12).
Ben Weaver's Galatians Chapter 4 comment about verse 30 on 11/22/2010, 6:08am...
As God did not himself cast out Hagar and her son but told Abraham to cast them out, I feel he is telling us to cast out our well meant religious attempts at self control. It has been said that the final effort of the flesh is to try to save itself. In order to enter God's rest, we need to cease from our own labors (Heb. 4:10). As we surrender, invite Jesus to be Lord in every area of our life and declare our safe position in him, we will find rest for our souls as he promised in Matt.11:29. May our Lord direct.
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