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229 terms and definitions for "J"


Jaakan

"He twists, one of the sons of Ezer, the son of Seir the Horite (1 Chr. 1:42). ...
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Jaakobah

"Heel-catcher, a form of the name Jacob, one of the descendants" of Simeon (1 Chr. 4:36). ...
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Jaala

"A wild she-goat, one of the Nethinim, whose descendants returned" from the Captivity (Neh. 7:58). ...
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Jaalam

"Concealer, the second of Esau's three sons by Aholibamah (Gen." "36:5, 14)." ...
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Jaanai

"Mourner, one of the chief Gadites (1 Chr. 5:12)." ...
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Jaareoregim

"Forests of the weavers, a Bethlehemite (2 Sam. 21:19), and the" "father of Elhanan, who slew Goliath. In 1 Chr. 20:5 called JAIR." ...
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Jaasau

"Fabricator, an Israelite who renounced his Gentile wife after" the Return (Ezra 10:37). ...
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Jaasiel

"Made by God, one of David's body-guard, the son of Abner (1 Chr." "27:21), called Jasiel in 1 Chr. 11:47." ...
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Jaazaniah

"Heard by Jehovah. (1.) The son of Jeremiah, and one of the chief" Rechabites (Jer. 35:3). "(2.) The son of Shaphan (Ezek. 8:11). "(3.) The son of Azur, one of the twenty-five men seen by Ezekiel (11 ...
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Jaazer

"He (God) helps, a city of the Amorites on the east of Jordan," "and assigned, with neighbouring places in Gilead, to Gad (Num." "32:1, 35; Josh. 13:25). It was allotted to the Merarite Levites" "(21 ...
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Jaaziah

"Comforted by Jehovah, a descendant of Merari the Levite (1 Chr." "24:26, 27)." ...
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Jaaziel

"Comforted by God, a Levitical musician (1 Chr. 15:18)." ...
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Jabal

"A stream, a descendant of Cain, and brother of Jubal; "the" "father of such as dwell in tents and have cattle" (Gen. 4:20)." This description indicates that he led a wandering life. ...
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Jabbok

"A pouring out, or a wrestling, one of the streams on the east of" "Jordan, into which it falls about midway between the Sea of" "Galilee and the Dead Sea, or about 45 miles below the Sea of" Galilee ...
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Jabesh

"Dry. (1.) For Jabesh-Gilead (1 Sam. 11:3, 9, 10)." "(2.) The father of Shallum (2 Kings 15:10, 13, 14), who usurped the throne of Israel on the death of Zachariah. ...
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JabeshGilead

"A town on the east of Jordan, on the top of one of the green" "hills of Gilead, within the limits of the half tribe of" "Manasseh, and in full view of Beth-shan. It is first mentioned" in connection ...
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Jabez

"Affiction. (1.) A descendant of Judah, of whom it is recorded" "that "God granted him that which he requested" (1 Chr. 4:9, 10)." "(2.) A place inhabited by several families of the scribes (1 Chr. 2 ...
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Jabin

"Discerner; the wise. (1.) A king of Hazor, at the time of the" "entrance of Israel into Canaan (Josh. 11:1-14), whose overthrow" and that of the northern chief with whom he had entered into a confed ...
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Jabneel

Built by God. (1.) A town in the north boundary of Judah (Josh. "15:11), called afterwards by the Greeks Jamnia, the modern" "Yebna, 11 miles south of Jaffa. After the fall of Jerusalem" "(A.D. 70), ...
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Jabneh

"Building, (2 Chr. 26:6), identical with Jabneel (Josh. 15:11)." ...
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Jachan

"Mourner, one of the chief Gadite "brothers" in Bashan (1 Chr." 5:13). ...
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Jachin

"Firm. (1.) The fourth son of Simeon (Gen. 46:10), called also" Jarib (1 Chr. 4:24). "(2.) The head of one of the courses (the twenty-first) of priests (1 Chr. 24:17). "(3.) One of the priests who re ...
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Jachin and Boaz

The names of two brazen columns set up in Solomon's temple (1 Kings 7:15-22). Each was eighteen cubits high and twelve in "circumference (Jer. 52:21, 23; 1 Kings 7:17-21). They had" doubtless a symbo ...
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Jacinth

"Properly a flower of a reddish blue or deep purple (hyacinth)," and hence a precious stone of that colour (Rev. 21:20). It has been supposed to designate the same stone as the ligure (Heb. leshem) m ...
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Jacob

"One who follows on another's heels; supplanter, (Gen. 25:26;" "27:36; Hos. 12:2-4), the second born of the twin sons of Isaac" "by Rebekah. He was born probably at Lahai-roi, when his father" was fi ...
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Jacobs Well

"(John 4:5, 6). This is one of the few sites in Palestine about" "which there is no dispute. It was dug by Jacob, and hence its" "name, in the "parcel of ground" which he purchased from the sons" "of ...
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Jaddua

Known. (1.) One of the chiefs who subscribed the covenant (Neh. 10:21). "(2.) The last high priest mentioned in the Old Testament (Neh. "12:11, 22), sons of Jonathan." ...
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Jadon

"Judge, a Meronothite who assisted in rebuilding the walls of" Jerusalem (Neh. 3:7). ...
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Jael

"Mountain-goat, the wife of Heber the Kenite (Judg. 4:17-22)." "When the Canaanites were defeated by Barak, Sisera, the captain" "of Jabin's army, fled and sought refuge with the friendly tribe" "of ...
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Jagur

"Place of sojourn, a city on the southern border of Judah (Josh." 15:21). ...
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Jah

A contraction for Jehovah (Ps. 68:4). ...
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Jahath

"Union. (1.) A son of Shimei, and grandson of Gershom (1 Chr." 23:10). "(2.) One of the sons of Shelomoth, of the family of Kohath (1 Chr. 24:22). "(3.) A Levite of the family of Merari, one of the o ...
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Jahaz

"Trodden down (called also Jahaza, Josh. 13:18; Jahazah, 21:36;" "Jahzah, 1 Chr. 6:78), a town where Sihon was defeated, in the" "borders of Moab and in the land of the Ammonites beyond Jordan," and ...
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Jahaziel

Beheld by God. (1.) The third son of Hebron (1 Chr. 23:19). "(2.) A Benjamite chief who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:4). (3.) A priest who accompanied the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chr. ...
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Jahdai

"Grasper, a descendant of Caleb, of the family of Hezron (1 Chr." 2:47). ...
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Jahzeel

"Allotted by God, the first of the sons of Naphtali (Gen. 46:24)." ...
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Jahzerah

"Returner, the son of Meshullam, and father of Adiel (1 Chr." 9:12). ...
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Jailer

"(of Philippi), Acts 16:23. The conversion of the Roman jailer, a" "man belonging to a class "insensible as a rule and hardened by" "habit, and also disposed to despise the Jews, who were the" "beare ...
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Jair

Enlightener. (1.) The son of Segub. He was brought up with his "mother in Gilead, where he had possessions (1 Chr. 2:22). He" "distinguished himself in an expedition against Bashan, and" settled in t ...
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Jairus

"A ruler of the synagogue at Capernaum, whose only daughter Jesus" restored to life (Mark 5:22; Luke 8:41). Entering into the "chamber of death, accompanied by Peter and James and John and" "the fath ...
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Jakeh

"Pious, the father of Agur (Prov. 30:1). Nothing is known of him." ...
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Jakim

Establisher. (1.) Chief of the twelfth priestly order (1 Chr. 24:12). "(2.) A Benjamite (1 Chr. 8:19). "(3.) Margin in Matt. 1:11 means Jehoiakim. ...
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Jalon

"Lodger, the last of the four sons of Ezra, of the tribe of Judah" (1 Chr. 4:17). ...
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Jambres

One of those who opposed Moses in Egypt (2 Tim. 3:8). (See [310]JANNES.) ...
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James

(1.) The son of Zebedee and Salome; an elder brother of John the "apostle. He was one of the twelve. He was by trade a fisherman," in partnership with Peter (Matt. 20:20; 27:56). With John and Peter ...
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James Epistle of

"(1.) Author of, was James the Less, the Lord's brother, one of" the twelve apostles. He was one of the three pillars of the Church (Gal. 2:9). "(2.) It was addressed to the Jews of the dispersion, " ...
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Jannes

"One of the Egyptians who "withstood Moses" (2 Tim. 3:8)." ...
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Janoah

"Or Jano'hah, rest. (1.) A town on the north-eastern border of" "Ephraim, in the Jordan valley (Josh. 16:6, 7). Identified with" "the modern Yanun, 8 miles south-east of Nablus." "(2.) A town of Nort ...
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Janum

"Slumber, a town in the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:53)." ...
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Japheth

"Wide spreading: "God shall enlarge Japheth" (Heb. Yaphat Elohim" "le-Yephet, Gen. 9:27. Some, however, derive the name from" "yaphah, "to be beautiful;" hence white), one of the sons of" "Noah, ment ...
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Japhia

"Splendid. (1.) The king of Lachish, who joined in the" "confederacy against Joshua (Josh. 10:3), and was defeated and" slain. In one of the Amarna tablets he speaks of himself as king of Gezer. Call ...
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Japho

"Beauty, a sea-port in Dan (Josh. 19:46); called Joppa (q.v.) in" 2 Chr. 2:16; Ezra 3:7; Jonah 1:3; and in New Testament. ...
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Jared

Descent. (1.) The fourth antediluvian patriarch in descent from "Seth (Gen. 5:15-20; Luke 3:37), the father of Enoch; called" Jered in 1 Chr. 1:2. "(2.) A son of Ezra probably (1 Chr. 4:18). ...
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Jarib

An adversary. (1.) A son of Simeon (1 Chr. 4:24). (2.) One of the chiefs sent by Ezra to bring up the priests to Jerusalem (Ezra 8:16). "(3.) Ezra 10:18. ...
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Jarmuth

"Height. (1.) A town in the plain of Judah (Josh. 15:35)," "originally the residence of one of the Canaanitish kings (10:3," "5, 23). It has been identified with the modern Yarmuk, a village" about 7 ...
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Jashen

"Sleeping, called also Hashem (1 Chr. 11:34); a person, several" of whose sons were in David's body-guard (2 Sam. 23:32). ...
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Jasher

"Upright. "The Book of Jasher," rendered in the LXX. "the Book of" "the Upright One," by the Vulgate "the Book of Just Ones," was" "probably a kind of national sacred song-book, a collection of" "son ...
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Jashobeam

"Dweller among the people; or to whom the people turn, the" "Hachmonite (1 Chr. 11:11), one of David's chief heroes who" joined him at Ziklag (12:6). He was the first of the three who broke through t ...
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Jashub

Returner. (1.) The third of Issachar's four sons (1 Chr. 7:1); called also Job (Gen. 46:13). "(2.) Ezra 10:29. ...
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Jason

"He that will cure, the host of Paul and Silas in Thessalonica." "The Jews assaulted his house in order to seize Paul, but failing" "to find him, they dragged Jason before the ruler of the city" (Act ...
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Jasper

"(Heb. yashpheh, "glittering"), a gem of various colours, one of" the twelve inserted in the high priest's breast-plate (Ex. 28:20). It is named in the building of the New Jerusalem (Rev. "21:18, 19) ...
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Jattir

"Pre-eminent, a city in the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:48;" 21:14). ...
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Javan

"(1.) The fourth "son" of Japheth (Gen. 10:2), whose descendants" "settled in Greece, i.e., Ionia, which bears the name of Javan in" "Hebrew. Alexander the Great is called the "king of Javan" "(rende ...
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Javelin

"(1.) Heb. hanith, a lance, from its flexibility (1 Sam. 18:10," "11; 19:9, 10; 20:33)." "(2.) Heb. romah, a lance for heavy-armed troops, so called from its piercing (Num. 25:7). (See [311]ARMS.) ...
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Jawbone

Of an ass afforded Samson a weapon for the great slaughter of "the Philistines (Judg. 15:15), in which he slew a thousand men." "In verse 19 the Authorized Version reads, "God clave a hollow" "place ...
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Jealousy

"Suspicion of a wife's purity, one of the strongest passions" (Num. 5:14; Prov. 6:34; Cant. 8:6); also an intense interest for another's honour or prosperity (Ps. 79:5; 1 Cor. 10:22; Zech. 1:14). ...
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Jealousy Image of

"An idolatrous object, seen in vision by Ezekiel (Ezek. 8:3, 5)," which stood in the priests' or inner court of the temple. Probably identical with the statue of Astarte (2 Kings 21:7). ...
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Jealousy offering

The name of the offering the husband was to bring when he charged his wife with adultery (Num. 5:11-15). ...
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Jealousy Waters of

"Water which the suspected wife was required to drink, so that" "the result might prove her guilt or innocence (Num. 5:12-17," 27). We have no record of this form of trial having been actually resort ...
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Jearim

"Forests, a mountain on the border of Judah (Josh. 15:10)." ...
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Jebus

"Trodden hard, or fastness, or "the waterless hill", the name of" the Canaanitish city which stood on Mount Zion (Josh. 15:8; "18:16, 28). It is identified with Jerusalem (q.v.) in Judg." "19:10, and ...
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Jebusites

"The name of the original inhabitants of Jebus, mentioned" frequently among the seven nations doomed to destruction (Gen. "10:16; 15:21; Ex. 3:8, 17; 13:5, etc.). At the time of the" arrival of the I ...
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Jecoliah

"Able through Jehovah, the wife of King Amaziah, and mother of" King Uzziah (2 Chr. 26:3). ...
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Jedaiah

"(1.) Invoker of Jehovah. The son of Shimri, a chief Simeonite (1" Chr. 4:37). "(2.) One of those who repaired the walls of Jerusalem after the return from Babylon (Neh. 3:10). (3.) Knowing Jehovah. ...
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Jediael

"Known by God. (1.) One of the sons of Benjamin, whose" "descendants numbered 17,200 warriors (1 Chr. 7:6, 10, 11)." "(2.) A Shimrite, one of David's bodyguard (1 Chr. 11:45). Probably same as in 12: ...
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Jedidiah

"Beloved by Jehovah, the name which, by the mouth of Nathan, the" Lord gave to Solomon at his birth as a token of the divine favour (2 Sam. 12:25). ...
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Jeduthun

"Lauder; praising, a Levite of the family of Merari, and one of" "the three masters of music appointed by David (1 Chr. 16:41, 42;" "25:1-6). He is called in 2 Chr. 35:15 "the king's seer." His" desc ...
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Jegarsahadutha

"Pile of testimony, the Aramaic or Syriac name which Laban gave" to the pile of stones erected as a memorial of the covenant "between him and Jacob (Gen. 31:47), who, however, called it in" "Hebrew b ...
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Jehaleleel

Praiser of God. (1.) A descendant of Judah (1 Chr. 4:16). "(2.) A Levite of the family of Merari (2 Chr. 29:12). ...
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Jehdeiah

Rejoicer in Jehovah. (1.) One of the Levitical attendants at the "temple, a descendant of Shubael (1 Chr. 24:20)." "(2.) A Meronothite, herdsman of the asses under David and Solomon (1 Chr. 27:30). ...
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Jehiel

God's living one. (1.) The father of Gibeon (1 Chr. 9:35). "(2.) One of David's guard (1 Chr. 11:44). "(3.) One of the Levites "of the second degree," appointed to conduct the music on the occasion o ...
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Jehizkiah

"Jehovah strengthens, one of the chiefs of Ephraim (2 Chr." 28:12). ...
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Jehoaddan

"Jehovah his ornament, the wife of King Jehoash, and mother of" King Amaziah (2 Kings 14:2). ...
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Jehoahaz

"Jehovah his sustainer, or he whom Jehovah holdeth. (1.) The" "youngest son of Jehoram, king of Judah (2 Chr. 21:17; 22:1, 6," "8, 9); usually Ahaziah (q.v.)." "(2.) The son and successor of Jehu, ki ...
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Jehoash

Jehovah-given. (1.) The son of King Ahaziah. While yet an "infant, he was saved from the general massacre of the family by" "his aunt Jehosheba, and was apparently the only surviving" "descendant of ...
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Jehohanan

"Jehovah-granted, Jeroboam II. (1.) A Korhite, the head of one of" the divisions of the temple porters (1 Chr. 26:3). "(2.) One of Jehoshaphat's "captains" (2 Chr. 17:15). "(3.) The father of Azariah ...
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Jehoiachin

Succeeded his father Jehoiakin (B.C. 599) when only eight years "of age, and reigned for one hundred days (2 Chr. 36:9). He is" "also called Jeconiah (Jer. 24:1; 27:20, etc.), and Coniah" "(22:24; 37 ...
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Jehoiada

"Jehovah-known. (1.) The father of Benaiah, who was one of" David's chief warriors (2 Sam. 8:18; 20:23). "(2.) The high priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the "throne of Judah. He married ...
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Jehoiakim

"He whom Jehovah has set up, the second son of Josiah, and" "eighteenth king of Judah, which he ruled over for eleven years" (B.C. 610-599). His original name was Eliakim (q.v.). "On the death of his ...
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Jehoiarib

"Jehovah defends, a priest at Jerusalem, head of one of the" "sacerdotal courses (1 Chr. 9:10; 24:7). His "course" went up" from Babylon after the Exile (Ezra 2:36-39; Neh. 7:39-42). ...
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Jehonadab

"Jehovah is liberal; or, whom Jehovah impels. (1.) A son of" "Shimeah, and nephew of David. It was he who gave the fatal" "wicked advice to Amnon, the heir to the throne (2 Sam. 13:3-6)." "He was ver ...
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Jehonathan

Whom Jehovah gave. (1.) One of the stewards of David's store-houses (1 Chr. 27:25). "(2.) A Levite who taught the law to the people of Judah (2 Chr. 17:8). "(3.) Neh. 12:18. ...
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Jehoram

"Jehovah-exalted. (1.) Son of Toi, king of Hamath, sent by his" father to congratulate David on the occasion of his victory over Hadadezer (2 Sam. 8:10). "(2.) A Levite of the family of Gershom (1 Ch ...
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Jehoshaphat

Jehovah-judged. (1.) One of David's body-guard (1 Chr. 11:43). "(2.) One of the priests who accompanied the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chr. 15:24). "(3.) Son of Ahilud, "recorder" or annalist ...
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Jehoshaphat Valley of

"Mentioned in Scripture only in Joel 3:2, 12. This is the name" given in modern times to the valley between Jerusalem and the "Mount of Olives, and the Kidron flows through it. Here" Jehoshaphat over ...
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Jehosheba

"Jehovah-swearing, the daughter of Jehoram, the king of Israel." She is called Jehoshabeath in 2 Chr. 22:11. She was the only "princess of the royal house who was married to a high priest," Jehoiada ...
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Jehovah

The special and significant name (not merely an appellative title such as Lord [adonai]) by which God revealed himself to "the ancient Hebrews (Ex. 6:2, 3). This name, the Tetragrammaton" "of the Gre ...
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Jehovahjireh

"Jehovah will see; i.e., will provide, the name given by Abraham" to the scene of his offering up the ram which was caught in the "thicket on Mount Moriah. The expression used in Gen. 22:14, "in" "th ...
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Jehovahnissi

"Jehovah my banner, the title given by Moses to the altar which" he erected on the hill on the top of which he stood with uplifted hands while Israel prevailed over their enemies the Amalekites (Ex. ...
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Jehovahshalom

"Jehovah send peace, the name which Gideon gave to the altar he" erected on the spot at Ophrah where the angel appeared to him (Judg. 6:24). ...
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Jehovahshammah

"Jehovah is there, the symbolical title given by Ezekiel to" "Jerusalem, which was seen by him in vision (Ezek. 48:35). It was" a type of the gospel Church. ...
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Jehovahtsidkenu

"Jehovah our rightousness, rendered in the Authorized Version," "The LORD our righteousness, a title given to the Messiah (Jer." "23:6, marg.), and also to Jerusalem (33:16, marg.)." ...
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Jehozabad

"Jehovah-given. (1.) The son of Obed-edom (1 Chr. 26:4), one of" the Levite porters. "(2.) The son of Shomer, one of the two conspirators who put king Jehoash to death in Millo in Jerusalem (2 Kings ...
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Jehozadak

"Jehovah-justified, the son of the high priest Seraiah at the" "time of the Babylonian exile (1 Chr. 6:14, 15). He was carried" "into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, and probably died in Babylon." "He w ...
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Jehu

"Jehovah is he. (1.) The son of Obed, and father of Azariah (1" Chr. 2:38). "(2.) One of the Benjamite slingers that joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:3). "(3.) The son of Hanani, a prophet of Judah ...
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Jehucal

"Able, the son of Shelemiah. He is also called Jucal (Jer. 38:1)." He was one of the two persons whom Zedekiah sent to request the prophet Jeremiah to pray for the kingdom (Jer. 37:3) during the time ...
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Jehudi

"A Jew, son of Nethaniah. He was sent by the princes to invite" "Baruch to read Jeremiah's roll to them (Jer. 36:14, 21)." ...
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Jeiel

Snatched away by God. (1.) A descendant of Benjamin (1 Chr. 9:35; 8:29). "(2.) One of the Levites who took part in praising God on the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chr. 16:5). (3.) 2 Chr. 29:13 ...
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Jemima

"Dove, the eldest of Job's three daughters born after his time of" trial (Job 42:14). ...
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Jephthah

"Whom God sets free, or the breaker through, a "mighty man of" "valour" who delivered Israel from the oppression of the" "Ammonites (Judg. 11:1-33), and judged Israel six years (12:7)." "He has been ...
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Jephthahs vow

"(Judg. 11:30, 31). After a crushing defeat of the Ammonites," "Jephthah returned to his own house, and the first to welcome him" "was his own daughter. This was a terrible blow to the victor," "and ...
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Jephunneh

"Nimble, or a beholder. (1.) The father of Caleb, who was" "Joshua's companion in exploring Canaan (Num. 13:6), a Kenezite" (Josh. 14:14). (2.) One of the descendants of Asher (1 Chr. 7:38). ...
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Jerahmeel

"Loving God. (1.) The son of Hezron, the brother of Caleb (1 Chr." "2:9, 25, 26, etc.)." "(2.) The son of Kish, a Levite (1 Chr. 24:29). "(3.) Son of Hammelech (Jer. 36:26). ...
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Jeremiah

Raised up or appointed by Jehovah. (1.) A Gadite who joined David in the wilderness (1 Chr. 12:10). (2.) A Gadite warrior (1 Chr. 12:13). (3.) A Benjamite slinger who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 1 ...
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Jeremiah Book of

"Consists of twenty-three separate and independent sections," "arranged in five books. I. The introduction, ch. 1. II. Reproofs" "of the sins of the Jews, consisting of seven sections, (1.) ch." 2; ( ...
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Jericho

"Place of fragrance, a fenced city in the midst of a vast grove" "of palm trees, in the plain of Jordan, over against the place" where that river was crossed by the Israelites (Josh. 3:16). Its "site ...
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Jerimoth

Heights. (1.) One of the sons of Bela (1 Chr. 7:7). "(2.) 1 Chr. 24:30, a Merarite Levite. "(3.) A Benjamite slinger who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:5). (4.) A Levitical musician under Heman hi ...
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Jeroboam

Increase of the people. (1.) The son of Nebat (1 Kings "11:26-39), "an Ephrathite," the first king of the ten tribes," over whom he reigned twenty-two years (B.C. 976-945). He was the "son of a widow ...
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Jeroham

"Cherished; who finds mercy. (1.) Father of Elkanah, and" grandfather of the prophet Samuel (1 Sam. 1:1). "(2.) The father of Azareel, the "captain" of the tribe of Dan (1 Chr. 27:22). "(3.) 1 Chr. 1 ...
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Jerubbaal

"Contender with Baal; or, let Baal plead, a surname of Gideon; a" name given to him because he destroyed the altar of Baal (Judg. 6:32; 7:1; 8:29; 1 Sam. 12:11). ...
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Jerubbesheth

"Contender with the shame; i.e., idol, a surname also of Gideon" (2 Sam. 11:21). ...
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Jeruel

"Founded by God, a "desert" on the ascent from the valley of the" Dead Sea towards Jerusalem. It lay beyond the wilderness of "Tekoa, in the direction of Engedi (2 Chr. 20:16, 20). It" corresponds wi ...
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Jerusalem

"Called also Salem, Ariel, Jebus, the "city of God," the "holy" "city;" by the modern Arabs el-Khuds, meaning "the holy;" once" the city of Judah (2 Chr. 25:28). This name is in the original "in the ...
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Jerusha

"Possession, or possessed; i.e., "by a husband", the wife of" "Uzziah, and mother of king Jotham (2 Kings 15:33)." ...
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Jeshaiah

"Deliverance of Jehovah. (1.) A Kohathite Levite, the father of" "Joram, of the family of Eliezer (1 Chr. 26:25); called also" Isshiah (24:21). "(2.) One of the sons of Jeduthum (1 Chr. 25:3, 15). "( ...
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Jeshanah

A city of the kingdom of Israel (2 Chr. 13:19). ...
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Jesharelah

"Upright towards God, the head of the seventh division of" Levitical musicians (1 Chr. 25:14). ...
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Jeshebeab

"Seat of his father, the head of the fourteenth division of" priests (1 Chr. 24:13). ...
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Jesher

"Uprightness, the first of the three sons of Caleb by Azubah (1" Chr. 2:18). ...
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Jeshimon

"The waste, probably some high waste land to the south of the" "Dead Sea (Num. 21:20; 23:28; 1 Sam. 23:19, 24); or rather not a" "proper name at all, but simply "the waste" or "wilderness," the" dist ...
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Jeshua

(1.) Head of the ninth priestly order (Ezra 2:36); called also Jeshuah (1 Chr. 24:11). "(2.) A Levite appointed by Hezekiah to distribute offerings in the priestly cities (2 Chr. 31:15). (3.) Ezra 2: ...
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Jeshurun

"A poetical name for the people of Israel, used in token of" "affection, meaning, "the dear upright people" (Deut. 32:15;" "33:5, 26; Isa. 44:2)." ...
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Jesse

"Firm, or a gift, a son of Obed, the son of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth" "4:17, 22; Matt. 1:5, 6; Luke 3:32). He was the father of eight" "sons, the youngest of whom was David (1 Sam. 17:12). The phrase" "st ...
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Jesus

"(1.) Joshua, the son of Nun (Acts 7:45; Heb. 4:8; R.V.," Joshua). "(2.) A Jewish Christian surnamed Justus (Col. 4:11). "Je'sus, the proper, as Christ is the official, name of our Lord. "To distingu ...
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Jether

Surplus; excellence. (1.) Father-in-law of Moses (Ex. 4:18 "marg.), called elsewhere Jethro (q.v.)." "(2.) The oldest of Gideon's seventy sons (Judg. 8:20). "(3.) The father of Amasa, David's general ...
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Jetheth

"A peg, or a prince, one of the Edomitish kings of Mount Seir" (Gen. 36:40). ...
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Jethlah

"Suspended; high, a city on the borders of Dan (Josh. 19:42)." ...
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Jethro

"His excellence, or gain, a prince or priest of Midian, who" succeeded his father Reuel. Moses spent forty years after his exile from the Egyptian court as keeper of Jethro's flocks. "While the Israe ...
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Jetur

"An enclosure, one of the twelve sons of Ishmael (Gen. 25:15)." ...
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Jeuel

"Snatched away by God, a descendant of Zerah (1 Chr. 9:6)." ...
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Jeush

Assembler. (1.) The oldest of Esau's three sons by Aholibamah "(Gen. 36:5, 14, 18)." "(2.) A son of Bilhan, grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr. 7:10). "(3.) A Levite, one of the sons of Shimei (1 Chr. 23:10 ...
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Jew

"The name derived from the patriarch Judah, at first given to one" belonging to the tribe of Judah or to the separate kingdom of "Judah (2 Kings 16:6; 25:25; Jer. 32:12; 38:19; 40:11; 41:3), in" cont ...
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Jewess

"A woman of Hebrew birth, as Eunice, the mother of Timothy (Acts" "16:1; 2 Tim. 1:5), and Drusilla (Acts 24:24), wife of Felix, and" daughter of Herod Agrippa I. ...
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Jezebel

"Chaste, the daughter of Ethbaal, the king of the Zidonians, and" "the wife of Ahab, the king of Israel (1 Kings 16:31). This was" "the "first time that a king of Israel had allied himself by" marria ...
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Jeziel

"Assembled by God, a son of Azmaveth. He was one of the Benjamite" archers who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:3). ...
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Jezreel

"God scatters. (1.) A town of Issachar (Josh. 19:18), where the" kings of Israel often resided (1 Kings 18:45; 21:1; 2 Kings "9:30). Here Elijah met Ahab, Jehu, and Bidkar; and here Jehu" executed hi ...
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Jezreel Blood of

The murder perpetrated here by Ahab and Jehu (Hos. 1:4; comp. 1 Kings 18:4; 2 Kings 9:6-10). ...
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Jezreel Day of

The time predicted for the execution of vengeance for the deeds of blood committed there (Hos. 1:5). ...
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Jezreel Ditch of

"(1 Kings 21:23; comp. 13), the fortification surrounding the" "city, outside of which Naboth was executed." ...
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Jezreel Fountain of

Where Saul encamped before the battle of Gilboa (1 Sam. 29:1). "In the valley under Zerin there are two considerable springs," "one of which, perhaps that here referred to, "flows from under a" sort ...
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Jezreel Portion of

"The field adjoining the city (2 Kings 9:10, 21, 36, 37). Here" Naboth was stoned to death (1 Kings 21:13). ...
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Jezreel Tower of

One of the turrets which guarded the entrance to the city (2 Kings 9:17). ...
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Jezreel Valley of

"Lying on the northern side of the city, between the ridges of" "Gilboa and Moreh, an offshoot of Esdraelon, running east to the" Jordan (Josh. 17:16; Judg. 6:33; Hos. 1:5). It was the scene of the s ...
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Joab

"Jehovah is his father. (1.) One of the three sons of Zeruiah," "David's sister, and "captain of the host" during the whole of" David's reign (2 Sam. 2:13; 10:7; 11:1; 1 Kings 11:15). His "father's n ...
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Joah

"Jehovah his brother; i.e., helper. (1.) One of the sons of" "Obed-edom (1 Chr. 26:4), a Korhite porter." "(2.) A Levite of the family of Gershom (1 Chr. 6:21), probably the same as Ethan (42). "(3.) ...
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Joahaz

"(2 Chr. 34:8), a contracted form of Jehoahaz (q.v.)." ...
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Joanna

Whom Jehovah has graciously given. (1.) The grandson of "Zerubbabel, in the lineage of Christ (Luke 3:27); the same as" Hananiah (1 Chr. 3:19). "(2.) The wife of Chuza, the steward of Herod Antipas, ...
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Joash

"Whom Jehovah bestowed. (1.) A contracted form of Jehoash, the" "father of Gideon (Judg. 6:11, 29; 8:13, 29, 32)." "(2.) One of the Benjamite archers who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:3). (3.) On ...
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Job

"Persecuted, an Arabian patriarch who resided in the land of Uz" "(q.v.). While living in the midst of great prosperity, he was" suddenly overwhelmed by a series of sore trials that fell upon him. Am ...
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Job Book of

A great diversity of opinion exists as to the authorship of this "book. From internal evidence, such as the similarity of" sentiment and language to those in the Psalms and Proverbs (see "Ps. 88 and ...
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Jobab

"Dweller in the desert. (1.) One of the sons of Joktan, and" "founder of an Arabian tribe (Gen. 10:29). (2.) King of Edom," "succeeded Bela (Gen. 36:33, 34). (3.) A Canaanitish king (Josh." 11:1) who ...
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Jochebed

"Jehovah is her glory, the wife of Amram, and the mother of" "Miriam, Aaron, and Moses (Num. 26:59). She is spoken of as the" "sister of Kohath, Amram's father (Ex. 6:20; comp. 16, 18;" 2:1-10). ...
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Joel

Jehovah is his God. (1.) The oldest of Samuel's two sons appointed by him as judges in Beersheba (1 Sam. 8:2). (See "VASHNI.) (2.) A descendant of Reuben (1 Chr. 5:4, 8). (3.) One" of David's famous ...
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Joel Book of

"Joel was probably a resident in Judah, as his commission was to" that people. He makes frequent mention of Judah and Jerusalem "(1:14; 2:1, 15, 32; 3:1, 12, 17, 20, 21)." "He probably flourished in ...
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Joelah

A Benjamite who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:7). ...
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Joezer

"Jehovah is his help, one of the Korhites who became part of" David's body-guard (1 Chr. 12:6). ...
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Johanan

Whom Jehovah graciously bestows. (1.) One of the Gadite heroes who joined David in the desert of Judah (1 Chr. 12:12). "(2.) The oldest of King Josiah's sons (1 Chr. 3:15). "(3.) Son of Careah, one o ...
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John

"(1.) One who, with Annas and Caiaphas, sat in judgment on the" apostles Peter and John (Acts 4:6). He was of the kindred of the high priest; otherwise unknown. "(2.) The Hebrew name of Mark (q.v.). ...
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John First Epistle of

"The fourth of the catholic or "general" epistles. It was" "evidently written by John the evangelist, and probably also at" "Ephesus, and when the writer was in advanced age. The purpose of" the apos ...
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John Gospel of

"The genuineness of this Gospel, i.e., the fact that the apostle" "John was its author, is beyond all reasonable doubt. In recent" "times, from about 1820, many attempts have been made to impugn" "it ...
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John Second Epistle of

"Is addressed to "the elect lady," and closes with the words," The children of thy elect sister greet thee; but some would "read instead of "lady" the proper name Kyria. Of the thirteen" verses compo ...
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John the Baptist

"The "forerunner of our Lord." We have but fragmentary and" imperfect accounts of him in the Gospels. He was of priestly "descent. His father, Zacharias, was a priest of the course of" "Abia (1 Chr. ...
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John Third Epistle of

"Is addressed to Caius, or Gaius, but whether to the Christian of" that name in Macedonia (Acts 19: 29) or in Corinth (Rom. 16:23) or in Derbe (Acts 20:4) is uncertain. It was written for the purpose ...
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Joiada

(whom Jehovah favours) = Jehoiada. (1.) Neh. 3:6. (2.) One of "the high priests (12:10, 11, 22)." ...
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Joiakim

"(whom Jehovah has set up) = Jehoiakim, a high priest, the son" "and successor of Jeshua (Neh. 12:10, 12, 26)." ...
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Joiarib

(whom Jehovah defends) = Jehoiarib. (1.) The founder of one of the courses of the priests (Neh. 11:10). "(2.) Neh. 11:5; a descendant of Judah. (3.) Neh. 12:6. "(4.) Ezra 8:16, a "man of understandin ...
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Jokdeam

A city in the mountains of Judah (Josh. 15:56). ...
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Jokim

"Whom Jehovah has set up, one of the descendants of Shelah (1" Chr. 4:22). ...
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Jokmeam

"Gathering of the people, a city of Ephraim, which was given with" its suburbs to the Levites (1 Chr. 6:68). It lay somewhere in "the Jordan valley (1 Kings 4:12, R.V.; but in A.V. incorrectly" Jokne ...
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Jokneam

"Gathered by the people, (Josh. 19:11; 21:34), a city "of Carmel" "(12:22), i.e., on Carmel, allotted with its suburbs to the" "Merarite Levites. It is the modern Tell Kaimon, about 12 miles" "south- ...
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Jokshan

"Snarer, the second son of Abraham and Keturah (Gen. 25:2, 3; 1" Chr. 1:32). ...
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Joktan

"Little, the second of the two sons of Eber (Gen. 10:25; 1 Chr." 1:19). There is an Arab tradition that Joktan (Arab. Kahtan) was the progenitor of all the purest tribes of Central and Southern Arabi ...
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Joktheel

"Subdued by God. (1.) A city of Judah near Lachish (Josh. 15," "38). Perhaps the ruin Kutlaneh, south of Gezer." "(2.) Amaziah, king of Judah, undertook a great expedition "against Edom (2 Chr. 25:5- ...
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Jonadab

"=Jehon'adab. (1.) The son of Rechab, and founder of the" "Rechabites (q.v.), 2 Kings 10:15; Jer. 35:6, 10." "(2.) The son of Shimeah, David's brother (2 Sam. 13:3). He was a very subtil man. ...
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Jonah

"A dove, the son of Amittai of Gath-hepher. He was a prophet of" "Israel, and predicted the restoration of the ancient boundaries" (2 Kings 14:25-27) of the kingdom. He exercised his ministry "very e ...
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Jonah Book of

This book professes to give an account of what actually took place in the experience of the prophet. Some critics have sought "to interpret the book as a parable or allegory, and not as a" history. T ...
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Jonas

"(1.) Greek form of Jonah (Matt. 12:39, 40, 41, etc.)." "(2.) The father of the apostles Peter (John 21:15-17) and "Andrew; but the reading should be (also in 1:42), as in the" "Revised Version, "Joh ...
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Jonathan

"Whom Jehovah gave, the name of fifteen or more persons that are" "mentioned in Scripture. The chief of these are, (1.) A Levite" descended from Gershom (Judg. 18:30). His history is recorded in 17:7 ...
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Jonathelemrechokim

"Dove of the dumbness of the distance; i.e., "the silent dove in" "distant places", title of Ps. 56. This was probably the name of" some well known tune or melody to which the psalm was to be sung. ...
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Joppa

"Beauty, a town in the portion of Dan (Josh. 19:46; A.V.," "Japho), on a sandy promontory between Caesarea and Gaza, and" at a distance of 30 miles north-west from Jerusalem. It is one of the oldest ...
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Joram

"=Jeho'ram. (1.) One of the kings of Israel (2 Kings 8:16, 25," 28). He was the son of Ahab. "(2.) Jehoram, the son and successor of Jehoshaphat on the throne of Judah (2 Kings 8:24). ...
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Jordan

"Heb. Yarden, "the descender;" Arab. Nahr-esh-Sheriah, "the" "watering-place" the chief river of Palestine. It flows from" north to south down a deep valley in the centre of the country. The name des ...
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Joseph

Remover or increaser. (1.) The elder of the two sons of Jacob by "Rachel (Gen. 30:23, 24), who, on the occasion of his birth," "said, "God hath taken away [Heb. `asaph] my reproach." "The Lord" "shal ...
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Joshua

"Jehovah is his help, or Jehovah the Saviour. The son of Nun, of" "the tribe of Ephraim, the successor of Moses as the leader of" "Israel. He is called Jehoshua in Num. 13:16 (A.V.), and Jesus in" "A ...
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Joshua The Book of

Contains a history of the Israelites from the death of Moses to that of Joshua. It consists of three parts: (1.) The history of the conquest of the land (1-12). (2.) The allotment of the land "to the ...
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Josiah

"Healed by Jehovah, or Jehovah will support. The son of Amon, and" his successor on the throne of Judah (2 Kings 22:1; 2 Chr. "34:1). His history is contained in 2 Kings 22, 23. He stands" foremost a ...
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Jot

"Or Iota, the smallest letter of the Greek alphabet, used" metaphorically or proverbially for the smallest thing (Matt. "5:18); or it may be = yod, which is the smallest of the Hebrew" letters. ...
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Jotham

Jehovah is perfect. (1.) The youngest of Gideon's seventy sons. He escaped when the rest were put to death by the order of "Abimelech (Judg. 9:5). When "the citizens of Shechem and the" "whole house ...
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Journey

(1.) A day's journey in the East is from 16 to 20 miles (Num. 11:31). "(2.) A Sabbath-day's journey is 2,000 paces or yards from the "city walls (Acts 1:12). According to Jewish tradition, it was" th ...
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Jozabad

Whom Jehovah bestows. (1.) One of the Benjamite archers who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chr. 12:4). "(2.) A chief of the tribe of Manasseh (1 Chr. 12:20). ...
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Jozachar

"Jehovah-remembered, one of the two servants who assassinated" "Jehoash, the king of Judah, in Millo (2 Kings 12:21). He is" called also Zabad (2 Chr. 24:26). ...
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Jubal

"Jubilee, music, Lamech's second son by Adah, of the line of" "Cain. He was the inventor of "the harp" (Heb. kinnor, properly" "lyre) and "the organ" (Heb. `ugab, properly "mouth-organ" or" "Pan's pi ...
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Jubilee

"A joyful shout or clangour of trumpets, the name of the great" semi-centennial festival of the Hebrews. It lasted for a year. "During this year the land was to be fallow, and the Israelites" were on ...
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Juda

"(1.) The patriarch Judah, son of Jacob (Luke 3:33; Heb. 7:14)." "In Luke 1:39; Heb. 7:14; Rev. 5:5; 7:5, the word refers to the" tribe of Judah. "(2.) The father of Simeon in Christ's maternal ances ...
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Judah

"Praise, the fourth son of Jacob by Leah. The name originated in" "Leah's words of praise to the Lord on account of his birth: "Now" "will I praise [Heb. odeh] Jehovah, and she called his name" "Yehu ...
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Judah Kingdom of

"When the disruption took place at Shechem, at first only the" tribe of Judah followed the house of David. But very soon after "the tribe of Benjamin joined the tribe of Judah, and Jerusalem" "became ...
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Judah Tribe of

Judah and his three surviving sons went down with Jacob into "Egypt (Gen. 46:12; Ex. 1:2). At the time of the Exodus, when we" "meet with the family of Judah again, they have increased to the" "numbe ...
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Judah upon Jordan

"The Authorized Version, following the Vulgate, has this" "rendering in Josh. 19:34. It has been suggested that, following" "the Masoretic punctuation, the expression should read thus, "and" "Judah; ...
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Judas

"The Graecized form of Judah. (1.) The patriarch (Matt. 1:2, 3)." "(2.) Son of Simon (John 6:71; 13:2, 26), surnamed Iscariot, "i.e., a man of Kerioth (Josh. 15:25). His name is uniformly the" "last ...
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Jude

"= Judas. Among the apostles there were two who bore this name," "(1) Judas (Jude 1:1; Matt. 13:55; John 14:22; Acts 1:13), called" also Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18); and (2) "Judas ...
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Jude Epistle of

"The author was "Judas, the brother of James" the Less (Jude" "1:1), called also Lebbaeus (Matt. 10:3) and Thaddaeus (Mark" "3:18). The genuineness of this epistle was early questioned, and" doubts r ...
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Judea

After the Captivity this name was applied to the whole of the "country west of the Jordan (Hag. 1:1, 14; 2:2). But under the" "Romans, in the time of Christ, it denoted the southernmost of" "the thre ...
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Judge

"(Heb. shophet, pl. shophetim), properly a magistrate or ruler," rather than one who judges in the sense of trying a cause. This is the name given to those rulers who presided over the affairs of the ...
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Judges Book of

Is so called because it contains the history of the deliverance and government of Israel by the men who bore the title of the "judges. The book of Ruth originally formed part of this book," but about ...
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Judgment hall

"Gr. praitorion (John 18:28, 33; 19:9; Matt. 27:27), "common" "hall." In all these passages the Revised Version renders" "palace. In Mark 15:16 the word is rendered "Praetorium" "(q.v.), which is a L ...
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Judgment seat

"(Matt. 27:19), a portable tribunal (Gr. bema) which was placed" "according as the magistrate might direct, and from which" judgment was pronounced. In this case it was placed on a "tesselated paveme ...
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Judgment The final

The sentence that will be passed on our actions at the last day "(Matt. 25; Rom. 14:10, 11; 2 Cor. 5:10; 2 Thess. 1:7-10)." "The judge is Jesus Christ, as mediator. All judgment is "committed to him ...
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Judgments of God

(1.) The secret decisions of God's will (Ps. 110:5; 36:6). (2.) The revelations of his will (Ex. 21:1; Deut. 6:20; Ps. 119:7-175). (3.) The infliction of punishment on the wicked (Ex. "6:6; 12:12; Ez ...
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Judith

"Jewess, the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and one of Esau's" "wives (Gen. 26:34), elsewhere called Aholibamah (36:2-14)." ...
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Julia

A Christian woman at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutations "(Rom. 16:15), supposed to be the wife of Philologus." ...
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Julius

"The centurion of the Augustan cohort, or the emperor's" "body-guard, in whose charge Paul was sent prisoner to Rome (Acts" "27:1, 3, 43). He entreated Paul "courteously," showing in many" ways a fri ...
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Junia

"(Rom. 16:7), a Christian at Rome to whom Paul sends salutations" along with Andronicus. ...
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Juniper

"(Heb. rothem), called by the Arabs retem, and known as Spanish" "broom; ranked under the genus genista. It is a desert shrub, and" abounds in many parts of Palestine. In the account of his "journey ...
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Jupiter

The principal deity of the ancient Greeks and Romans. He was worshipped by them under various epithets. Barnabas was "identified with this god by the Lycaonians (Acts 14:12), because" "he was of stat ...
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Justice

Is rendering to every one that which is his due. It has been "distinguished from equity in this respect, that while justice" "means merely the doing what positive law demands, equity means" the doing ...
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Justice of God

That perfection of his nature whereby he is infinitely righteous "in himself and in all he does, the righteousness of the divine" nature exercised in his moral government. At first God imposes righte ...
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Justification

"A forensic term, opposed to condemnation. As regards its nature," "it is the judicial act of God, by which he pardons all the sins" "of those who believe in Christ, and accounts, accepts, and" "trea ...
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Justus

"(1.) Another name for Joseph, surnamed Barsabas. He and Matthias" "are mentioned only in Acts 1:23. "They must have been among the" "earliest disciples of Jesus, and must have been faithful to the" ...
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Juttah

"Extended, a Levitical city in the mountains or hill-country of" "Judah (Josh. 15:55; 21:16). Its modern name is Yutta, a place" about 5 1/2 miles south of Hebron. It is supposed to have been "the re ...
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