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1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

2 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah.

3 Who is there among you of all his people? his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Israel, (he is the God,) which is in Jerusalem.

4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.

5 Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem.

6 And all they that were about them strengthened their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, and with beasts, and with precious things, beside all that was willingly offered.

7 Also Cyrus the king brought forth the vessels of the house of the LORD, which Nebuchadnezzar had brought forth out of Jerusalem, and had put them in the house of his gods;

8 Even those did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah.

9 And this is the number of them: thirty chargers of gold, a thousand chargers of silver, nine and twenty knives,

10 Thirty basons of gold, silver basons of a second sort four hundred and ten, and other vessels a thousand.

11 All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up with them of the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem.

Commentary for Ezra 1

The history of this book is the accomplishment of Jeremiah's prophecy concerning the return of the Jews out of Babylon. From its contents we especially learn, that every good work will meet with opposition from enemies, and be hurt by the misconduct of friends; but that God will make his cause to prevail, notwithstanding all obstacles and adversaries. The restoration of the Jews was an event of the highest consequence, tending to preserve religion in the world, and preparing the way for the appearance of the Great Deliverer, the Lord Jesus Christ.The proclamation of Cyrus for the rebuilding of the temple. (1-4) The people provide for their return. (5-11)1-4 The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus. The hearts of kings are in the hand of the Lord. God governs the world by his influence on the spirits of men; whatever good they do, God stirs up their spirits to do it. It was during the captivity of the Jews, that God principally employed them as the means of calling the attention of the heathen to him. Cyrus took it for granted, that those among the Jews who were able, would offer free-will offerings for the house of God. He would also have them supplied out of his kingdom. Well-wishers to the temple should be well-doers for it.

5-11 The same God that raised up the spirit of Cyrus to proclaim liberty to the Jews, raised up their spirits to take the benefit. The temptation was to some to stay in Babylon; but some feared not to return, and they were those whose spirits God raised, by his Spirit and grace. Whatever good we do, is owing to the grace of God. Our spirits naturally bow down to this earth and the things of it; if they move upward in any good affections or good actions, it is God who raises them. The calls and offers of the gospel are like the proclamation of Cyrus. Those bound under the power of sin, may be made free by Jesus Christ. Whosoever will, by repentance and faith, return to God, Jesus Christ has opened the way for him, and raises him out of the slavery of sin into the glorious liberty of the children of God. Many that hear this joyful sound, choose to sit still in Babylon, are in love with their sins, and will not venture upon a holy life; but some break through all discouragements, whatever it cost them; they are those whose spirit God has raised above the world and the flesh, whom he has made willing. Thus will the heavenly Canaan be filled, though many perish in Babylon; and the gospel offer will not have been made in vain. The bringing back the Jews from captivity, represents the redemption of sinners by Jesus Christ.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Ezra 1

  • C T Makhele
    Chapter 1 vs 4 is the text that I like most.It is the confirmation that God really keeps His promises and He is always on time and He is a God of all reaches Gold and silver that is why He said the children of Israel must be give them. I God opens the doors for you no one can close it.In Exodus 12 vs 35 He told Moses to tell Israelites to go to the Egyptians to ask for Gold, silver and all precious things. This proves that we are reach in Christ Jesus our Father is the owner of all reaches Gold and silver Hagayi 2 Vs 8. I am blessed and I am reach even if I do not have something at the moment but I know that if it is the right time God will grant me all that I deserve to have in Jesus name.That is the reason why I do not preach prosperity but Jesus and Him being crucified and risen from the dead seated at the right hand of God. I do not feel intimidated to see someone prospers I know my season is coming to obtain the reaches even in glory. I preach forgiveness from sin, and the kingdom of God then everything which is good follows. Thank God for Jesus.
  • Alebiosu Philips
    After the proclamation by Ezra, there are many people in that place, but some chose to be part of the project. we must therefore be ready to support the work of God generously and not by force. there is definitely many blessings attached to it.
  • Nobert guto
    learn to give that which is best to God
  • Wanda Bob
    God wanted to confirm the word of his servant Jeremiah the prophet
  • Timothy Mutua Kilonzo
    Ezra obeyed believed God,he allowed Israelites to offer building material out of free will obedience involved gentiles in the work.
  • Rapelang william
    cyrus redid the heart of God according to the He wishes, as nebuchadnezzar did the opposit evil will of God in His house (God house)

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Bible Trivia

Who initiated the rebuilding of the second temple?
  • Ezra
  • Cyrus, king of Persia
  • Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon
  • Nehemiah