Ezekiel Chapter 18 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 God reprooueth the vniust parable of sowre grapes. 5 He sheweth how he dealeth with a iust father: 10 with a wicked sonne of a iust father: 14 with a iust sonne of a wicked father: 19 with a wicked man repenting: 24 with a iust man reuolting. 25 Hee defendeth his iustice, 31 and exhorteth to repentance.
17 That hath taken off his hand from the poore, that hath not receiued vsurie nor increase, hath executed my Iudgements, hath walked in my Statutes, he shall not die for the iniquitie of his father, he shall surely liue.
19 ¶ Yet say yee, Why? doeth not the sonne beare the iniquitie of the father? when the sonne hath done that which is lawfull and right, and hath kept all my Statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely liue.19
20 The soule that sinneth, it shal die: the sonne shall not beare the iniquitie of the father, neither shal the father beare the iniquitie of the sonne; the righteousnesse of the righteous shall bee vpon him, and the wickednesse of the wicked shalbe vpon him.
24 ¶ But when the righteous turneth away frō his righteousnes, & committeth iniquitie, and doth according to all the abominations that the wicked man doth, shall he liue? all his righteousnesse that he hath done, shall not be mentioned: in his trespasse that he hath trespassed, and in his sinne that he hath sinned, in them shall he die.
30 Therefore I will iudge you, O house of Israel, euery one according to his wayes, saith the Lord God; repent, and turne your selues from all your transgressions: so iniquitie shall not be your ruine.30
View Wesley's Notes for Ezekiel Chapter 18
18:2 The land of Israel - The two tribes, not the ten. The fathers - Our fore - fathers. Have eaten - Have sinned. The childrens - We their children, who were unborn, suffer for their sins.
18:4 Behold - There can be no colour of partial judgment in the proceedings of God, who is equally God to all. All souls - All persons. The soul - The person, whether father or son, shall die, shall bear his own punishment.
18:6 Hath not eaten - Hath not committed idolatry, offering sacrifice, and eating of the things sacrificed to idols; whose temples and altars were on mountains, chap. 20. & 28. #Hos 4:13|.
18:8 Increase - Illegal interest. Iniquity - Injustice of every kind.
18:9 Shall live - Shall be delivered from famine, pestilence, and sword, and shall see good days.
18:13 His blood - Heb. 'Tis plural, bloods; both the blood of the innocent which he murdered, and his own blood which thereby he forfeited; the blood of his own soul and life: that is the whole blame of his misery in time and eternity, shall lie upon himself.
18:17 Hath taken off - Withdrawn his hand from hurting or wronging the poor, tho' he had power to do it securely.
18:20 Shall not bear - This is a most unquestionable truth; and tho' perhaps it may seem otherwise in some cases, yet could we see perfectly the connexion between persons and persons; could we see the connexion of sins and sins, and how easily, secretly, and undiscerned men become guilty of the same sins, we should see father and son, though perhaps one of them might not do the evil, both guilty, and neither punished for the sin farther than if it was his own: nor do the scriptures, #Exod 20:5 Deut 28:18|, doom persons to punishment for sins from which they are wholly free; but if children shall follow their fathers in sin, then if they die for those sins, 'tis because these are their own, not as they are their fathers. The righteousness - It shall be well with the righteous, for he shall eat the fruit of his doing, he shall be rewarded as a righteous one. The wickedness - The reward of wickedness. The son shall not die, not die eternally, for the iniquity of the father, if he do not tread in the steps of it: nor the father for the iniquity of the son, if he do all he can to prevent it.
18:22 Not mentioned - Not to him.
18:25 The way - His whole management of affairs. Not equal - Not right, or consistent with his own declaration, and law.
18:28 He shall surely live - That is, he shall be restored to the favour of God, which is the life of the soul.
18:31 Make you a new heart - Suffer me to do it in you.
18:32 I have no pleasure - Sinners displease God when they undo themselves; they please him when they return.
Ezekiel Chapter 18 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
2 Iee.31 29.
5 Heb. iudgment and iustice.
6 Leuit.18.20. , Leuit.18.19. and 20.18.
7 Exod.22. 21. leuit.19. 15. and 25. 14. , Deut.24. 12. exod. 22.20. , Deu.15.7. isai.58.7. mat 25.35
8 Exod. 22. 25. leui.25. 36,37. deu. 23. 19. psal. 15.5.
10 Or, breaker vp of an house. , Or, that doeth to his brother, besides any of these.
13 Heb. bloods
16 Heb. hath not pledged the pledge or taken to pledge.
19 Deut.24.16. 2.kings 14.6. 2.chron.25.4. iere.31.29.
23 Chap. 33. 11.
25 Chap. 33. 20.
30 Matth. 3.2. , Or, others.
31 Ier.32. 39 chap. 11. 19. and 36.26.
32 Chap.33.11. 2.pet.3.9. , Or, others.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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