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1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.

8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.

9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:

11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.

13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

14 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.

16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;

24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.

28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.

30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.

Commentary for Exodus 22

Judicial laws.

- The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, #Tit 2:12|. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

Discussion for Exodus 22

  • "My people perish for lack of knowledge". Get wisdom...children!
  • Newremix for verse 18
    Sometimes this is required for the peskiest of witches, even through prayer fasting God WIlls us to take a stand against evil, with us at his side as we do it. David didn 't pray away goliath, samson didnt have a tea party with the heathens obstructing him and his life due to his own families deception. Jesus also said, "I came to sow discord you " . Anyone who says otherwise hasn 't dealt with true heavy witchcraft, which can, and does, kill people daily. Jesus was the martyr lamb of God so that we may LIVE, just make sure to ask God for guidance first on the matter, and only as an ABSOLUTE LAST RESORT OF THE KINGDOMS OF EVIL IMPENDING ON YOUR VERY LIFE PRAYER WILL HANDLE THE REST. Even the bible says if a thief get struck a fatal blow, no blood shall be on his hands....praise jesus
  • Dewey J
    Snow, the law is very hard for us who are sinners but it is perfect because it is the essence of almighty God, Gat. 3:24 says, "Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. Rom. 3:20 says, "therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin ". John 1:17 says, "For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ ". Thank God for our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. God bless us all and in the understanding of his Word. Glory be to Jehovah in the highest through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen!
  • Bishop 1 for verse 18
    After 40 days and 40 nights of intensified sweat filled fasting, the understanding of this text was opened to my visions. God gave the commandment to his people and thought how to go about the killing -with prayer of goodwill and kind gesture towards them....thereby we are heaping coals of fire on their heads and that will kill them fast
  • Ediawe Kelvyn for verse 18
    It is a pity so called Christians do what Christ would not do.
  • I 've read every comment on this page, most of them have brought tears to my eyes and a stabbing pain in my heart.These are the words written from long ago, a book of faith that is believed by many, yet I hadn 't realized how many feel so strongly about a phrase such as this in such a modern age.

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Bible Trivia

For all manner of trespass (i.e. theft) what value shall the condemned thief pay in restitution?'
  • Full value
  • Double value
  • Triple Value
  • Nothing
  • None